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1Collegial Collaboration: A New Way of Life for Professional Educators EDUC – 503 Session IX Original PLC presentation developed by faculty ofHolly Springs High School, NCModified by Kimberly Beck, April 2011
2Forward thinking…In times of drastic change, it is the learners who inherit the future. The “learned” usually find themselves beautifully equipped to live in a world that no longer exists.Eric Hoffer, 1972
3The essential question for ALL educators must be: What do schools look like when they are organized around the commitment of high standards by all students? (Describe or draw)
4We know that part of the answer has to collaborative efforts of all those engaged in the process of educating these learners. One current “buzz word” for such collaboration is professional learning communities.
5Include ongoing discussions about current reality and best practice Whatever collaborative efforts are part of your professional life, constantly seek to have those efforts:Include ongoing discussions about current reality and best practiceHave a commitment to continuous improvement (Good enough is NOT good enough)Be results orientedInvolve more and more colleagues over time
6Professional Learning Communities (PLC) for Collaboration
7A PLC is . . .PROFESSIONAL?“Every teacher is a leader; Every leader is a teacher.”LEARNING?In a PLC School, learning applies as much to teachers,administrators, and parents as to students.Focus on instruction, curriculum and assessment.COMMUNITY?SupportCooperation vs. competitionFocus intensely on the mission, vision, goals, and values.Improvement of the whole vs. striving to get aheadindividually.
8PLCs at Work: Core Elements Mission, Vision, Values and GoalsCollaborative TeamsChanging Your School’s CulturePlanning a PLC-Model School
9The Four Keys to a Successful PLC Mission: Clarifies Priorities/Sharpens FocusVision: Gives DirectionValues: Guides BehaviorGoals: Establish Priorities
11Schools exist because their Questions to ask as Educators MissionSchools exist because theirmission is “learning”.Questions to ask as EducatorsWhat is it we expect all students to learn?How will we know when they have learned it?How will we respond when they don’t learn?How will we respond when they already know it?
12“You've got to be very careful if you don't know where you are going because you might not get there.” Yogi Berra, 1947
13Vision“What do we hope to become at some point in the future?”
14Educators with a Vision Questions to ask asEducators with a VisionWhat are the essentials for our students?If we did an excellent job with the essentials,what would that look like?
15Values“How must WE (the professionals) behave to create the school that will achieve our purpose?”
16Values Question to ask as Educators with Values What attitudes, behaviors, andcommitments must WE demonstrate inorder to create the school of our vision?
17Goals “What results do we seek and how will we know we are making progress?”
18Goals Questions to ask as Educators with Goals Which steps should we take first?What is our timeline?What evidence will we present to demonstrateour progress?
19Professional Educators. . . Emphasize learningEmphasize active student engagement and significant contentCollaborate with colleaguesFocus on student performance and productionFunction as leaders
20Separated by their classrooms and packed teaching schedules, teachers rarely work or talk together about teaching practices. Linda Darling-Hammond, 1995
21Collaborative Teams Engaged in Collective Inquiry You cannot have students as continuous learners and effective collaborators, without teachers that have the same characteristics.Michael Fullan, 1993
22PLC Assumptions about Collaboration If schools are to improve, staff must develop the capacity to function as professional learning communities.If schools are to function as professional learning communities, they must develop a collaborative culture.
23PLC Assumptions about Collaboration If schools are to develop a collaborative culture, they must overcome traditional teacher isolation.If schools are to overcome their tradition of teacher isolation, teachers must learn to work in effective, high performing teams.
24In a PLC school with high performing teams. . . Collaboration is embedded into every aspect of the school cultureTime for collaboration is built into the school calendarProducts of collaboration are made explicitTeams have access to relevant information
25In a PLC school with high performing teams. . . Teams pursue specific and measurableperformance goals:Strategic & SpecificMeasurableAttainableResults-orientedTime bound
26The best way to improve schools is to develop the people within them The best way to improve schools is to develop the people within them — Richard DuFour and Robert EakerThe SMART Goals process creates the motivation for team action and experimentation. But in order to apply the SMART Goals process effectively, individuals need strong team skills, the ability to understand and use data, and a willingness to engage in continuous improvement.
27The SMART PlanEmphasizes the measurement and tracking of progress toward the goalGuides the work of the PLCProvides a means of analyzing the student work data
28David Salisbury & Daryl Conner, 1994 If you intend to introduce a change that is incompatible with the organization’s culture, you have only three choices:modify the change to be more in line with the existing culture,2) alter the culture to be more in line with the proposed change or3) prepare to fail.David Salisbury & Daryl Conner, 1994
29A School’s Culture Might Mean. . . Shared decision-making and teamworkEffective meetingsFocus on goalsContinuous ImprovementResults Oriented
30Richard DuFour, et. al., Learning by Doing “Perhaps the greatest insight we have gained in our work with school districts across the continent is that schools that take the plunge and actually begin doing the work of a PLC develop their capacity to help students learn at high levels far more effectively than schools that spend years preparing to become PLCs through reading or even training.”Richard DuFour, et. al., Learning by Doing
31Planning a PLC Model Key Questions to ask: How do we develop a shared vision and goals?How can we effectively use data in all aspects?What are some additional ways to getcollaboration among colleagues?
32PLC ResourcesDuFour, Richard and Robert Eaker. Professional Learning Communities at Work: Best Practices for Enhancing Student Achievement. Bloomington, IN: National Educational Service, 1998.--and Rebecca DuFour. Professional Learning Communities at Work. Educational Workshop. Kennewick, WA, May 16-17, 2006.--et. al., Ed. The Power of Smart Goals. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree, 2006.--et. al., Ed. On Common Ground: The Power of Professional Learning Communities. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree, 2005
33Collegial collaboration thru data teams Another frameworkCollegial collaboration thru data teams
34What is a Data Team?Data teams are groups of professional educators, working collaboratively to analyze the effect of their actions on identified student outcomes.“Data teams adhere to continuous improvement cycles, examine patterns and trends, and establish specific timelines, roles, and responsibilities to facilitate analysis that results in action.”S. White, Beyond the Numbers, 2005, p.13)KIM
35What are the similarities between PLCs and Data Teams? By definition…What are the similarities between PLCs and Data Teams?
36Four types of data teams District: District Data TeamSchool: School Data TeamsClassroom: Instructional Data TeamsStudent: Student Assistance TeamsKIM
37Why Data Teams?To create a consistent and comprehensive framework for improvement planning that translates from district to school to classroom to individual studentsELLEN
38HOW and WHY are data teams effective? Are Research-basedEmpower teachers* Focus on what adults can do differently to improve instructionCreate coherence within the district/schoolProvide a mechanism to set achievement and instructional prioritiesELLEN
39HOW and WHY are data teams effective? Provide time for collaboration and planningFollow the five-step process:Collect and Chart DataAnalyze strengths and obstaclesEstablish goals: set, review, reviseSelect instructional strategiesDetermine results indicatorsProvide opportunity for training and resourcesELLEN
40What is the work of the Data Teams? District Data TeamMeets monthlyIdentifies District:GoalsStudent Outcome IndicatorsDistrict TargetsAdult Action IndicatorsDevelops District Strategic Improvement PlanELLEN
41What is the work of the Data Teams? School Data TeamMeets monthlyIdentifies School:GoalsStudent Outcome IndicatorsSchool TargetsAdult Action IndicatorsDrafts School Strategic Improvement PlanELLEN
42What is the work of the Data Teams? Instructional Data TeamsMeets frequentlyFocused on groups of studentsEngaged in collaborative, cyclical processIdentifies specific strategies for targeted timelineAssesses short term resultsELLEN
43By description… How are PLCs and Data Teams similar? How are PLCs and Data Teams different?
44Collegial Collaboration What do you think?Select one quote and “respond” to it.How do you think collegial collaboration effects student learning? What are the benefits? What do you predict are the challenges?