Presentation on theme: "Refugees & Asylum Seekers in the UK 2 Following your research, has your position on the spectrum altered? o/2009/mar/16/asylum-seekers-"— Presentation transcript:
Refugees & Asylum Seekers in the UK 2 Following your research, has your position on the spectrum altered? http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/vide o/2009/mar/16/asylum-seekers- refused-britain http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/vide o/2009/mar/16/asylum-seekers- refused-britain
Objectives To understand the causes of flows of refugees and asylum seekers into the UK. To understand the consequences of flows of refugees and asylum seekers into the UK.
Where do asylum seekers to the UK come from? Country of origin 2007 NumberCause Afghanistan9000 Iraq6800 Somalia6500 Sri Lanka5500 Turkey3600 Iran3400 Former Yugoslavia 3200 Pakistan2700 China2300 Zimbabwe2100 For each explain why people are seeking asylum Give other examples of past refugee flows to the UK
Consequences of flows of refugees and asylum seekers Where/how are these people housed? The effect on local schools, health and welfare services and the local economy The social effect of locals resenting the newcomers Repatriation/deportation of failed asylum seekers
Where do people go? There is an issue with how to look after asylum seekers. Most need to be kept secure whilst their credentials are checked and formalities completed. So most are held in one of the UK’s 15 detention centres or even prison for a few days whilst they are assessed. There is an issue with how to look after asylum seekers. Most need to be kept secure whilst their credentials are checked and formalities completed. So most are held in one of the UK’s 15 detention centres or even prison for a few days whilst they are assessed. Read the articles This raises human rights issues as people including children are being detained without trial for an unlimited period of time.
What happens next? If they are unlikely to abscond or are families with children and do not have money to support themselves they will be housed and given 70% of income support in the form of vouchers by NASS (National Asylum Support Service). They are not allowed to work. Since 1999 the UK has operated a dispersal system to move people from the South East and Ports of entry. People are moved to cluster areas these are often poor, stressed neighbourhoods. Describe the current distribution of asylum seekers using the map
The impact of asylum seekers on Glasgow Around 6000 are housed on a council estate in Sighthill in North Glasgow. The estate has ten 20 storey blocks of flats built in 60’s and due for demolition. It is the most deprived part of Glasgow Most are Kurds 60% are under 34 20% are graduates 75% educated at secondary level 66% were employed in their country of origin 88% would like to settle in Glasgow
Read the statements, sort them into piles, make notes and be ready to feed back to the class Economic Impact Impact on local services Reaction of locals Effects on the asylum seekers
Plenary: Are Asylum Seekers a good thing for Scotland? Look at this data, Between 2001 and 2041 The population will fall from 5 to 4.5 million The proportion > 65 will increase by 50% The proportion<15 will fall by 30% Homework: Make notes on how asylum seekers can solve Scotland’s population problem