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Ho-In Jeon Associate Professor of Dept. EE at Kyung-Won University, Convener of ISO/IEC JTC1 SC6 WG1, Woo-Jin Shim, Yong-Gil Park, Dong-Hak Lee, and Jae-Whang.

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Presentation on theme: "Ho-In Jeon Associate Professor of Dept. EE at Kyung-Won University, Convener of ISO/IEC JTC1 SC6 WG1, Woo-Jin Shim, Yong-Gil Park, Dong-Hak Lee, and Jae-Whang."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ho-In Jeon Associate Professor of Dept. EE at Kyung-Won University, Convener of ISO/IEC JTC1 SC6 WG1, Woo-Jin Shim, Yong-Gil Park, Dong-Hak Lee, and Jae-Whang Yu Network R & D Center, SKTelecom Jin-Seok Bae KATS (Korean Agency for technology and Standards) Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 1 WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Technology for Wireless Home Network Services SC25/WG1 N1271

2 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 2 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Contents Wireless Home Network Services and Related Issues Introduction to WiBEEM (Wireless Beacon-enabled Energy Efficient Mesh network) Protocol  Wireless Mesh Network Capable of Saving Power  Multiple Beacons Transmitted in One Superframe with all the Beacons Scheduled for the Avoidance of Beacon Conflicts  Space-Efficient Short Address Allocations in Real-Time  High Speed Device Mobility and QoS Supported Structure of the WiBEEM Standard  Part 1: Specifications on PHY Layer Specifications  Part 2: Specifications on MAC Layer Specifications  Part 3: Specifications on NWK Layer Specifications Conclusions

3 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 3 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Wireless Home Network Services Wireless Healthcare Service  Kids and Patients Care  Senile Dementia Control Home Appliance Control  Lights Control  Gas Valve Shut Down AMR Service Wireless Internet Service Guest / Intruder Control

4 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 4 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Healthcare Services and Wireless Terminal Wireless Terminal Wireless Healthcare Watch WiBEEM

5 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 5 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Wireless Home Services with WiBEEM Tech. DCam. VPhone DTV DAM HS/ MMRG Internet FTTH DTV PVR VPhone Refrig. DCam. PC STB Living Room Room #1 Room #3 Room #2 Kitchen Door Phone Water Meter Gas Meter WiBEEM Microwave Oven PC PDA DCam. Printer PC Room #4 DTV Power Meter Reader DSLAM Bath- room Utility Room WiBEEM WMC ONU VDSL MODEM Washer WiBEEM Association Point WiBEEM

6 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 6 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Full connectivity all over the house with a wireless network is not available due to dead zones of RF signals.  Light switches and AMR devices are everywhere in the house.  An energy-efficient wireless mesh network solution such as WiBEEM is a solution to this problem.  Home appliances equipped with WiBEEM module could function as the WRCs (WiBEEM Routable Coordinator) that will allow the full connectivity.  If not, dedicated WRCs could be installed in proper places. The reduction of power consumption could be a critical issue for Wireless Home services.  Healthcare watch worn on an elderly person’s arm should last at least 2 years with 2 AA-batteries. Characteristics of Wireless Home Service (1/3)

7 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 7 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Every home appliance reports its status to the mobile terminal, in a seamless manner. One WMC (WiBEEM Mesh Coordinator) will take care of all the traffics of MRCs, sensor nodes, and terminals. The Residential Gateway of the house could be the best position for the WMC. Association point seems to be always the same.  The WMC appears to be the best Association point for each incoming family member.  The WMC is the best short address assigner, yet other WRCs can also do the job. The limitation of the maximum number of children for any WRC limits the applicability of the protocol. Characteristics of Wireless Home Service (2/3)

8 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 8 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Devices are moving.  Reassociation should be avoided due to the fact that there can be heavy unnecessary association request traffic.  The network address shall be the same for any position. Traffic Directions  Every traffic from both sensor nodes and the mobile terminal is toward the WMC.  The delivery of the information from the WMC to incoming family members and sensors requires fast proactive routing. Some wireless home services require QoS aspects  In-Home Healthcare Service  Gas Valve Shut Down Service Disassociation request before leaving the network will be very important for address space reusability. Characteristics of Wireless Home Service (3/3)

9 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 9 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Overview of the WiBEEM Technology A simple and robust protocol with small memory size Extremely long battery life enabled by synchronization over the mesh network via the use of scheduled beacons transmitted by the WMC and all of WRCs. Reliable data transfer from 250 Kbps to 16 Mbps. High-speed mobility supported upto 120 Km/hour. Prioritized/Parameterized QoS Supported. One-hop communication within 30 m and expandable to hundred meters via mesh network. Easy installation of sensors and routers due to wireless mesh connectivity Very low implementation cost

10 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 10 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 WiBEEM Protocol Stack Higher Layer WiBEEM NWK Layer WiBEEM MAC Layer WiBEEM Physical (PHY) Layer Security Network Message Broker Routing Management 2.4 GHz Radio (Ch.1) NLDE-SAPNLME-SAP MLME-SAP PLME-SAPPLDE-SAP MLDE-SAP Network Management 2.4 GHz Radio (Ch.2) 2.4 GHz Radio (Ch.3) 2.4 GHz Radio (Ch.16)

11 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 11 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 PHY Overview of the WiBEEM Data Rate  Each channel provides Min. 250 Kbps, and Max. 1 Mbps.  Maximum 16 Mbps for Isochronous Data using 16 channels Channels  Max. 16, Min. 1 channel in the 2.4GHz ISM band  ACA (Adaptive Channel Aggregation) concept is used. Modulation  O-QPSK and 16-QAM at 2.4GHz with AMC Coexistence with  802.11b DSSS and 802.11g OFDM of WLAN  802.15.1 FHSS of Bluetooth  802.15.3 DSSS of High-Rate WPAN  802.15.4 O-QPSK of Low-Rate WPAN and ZigBee

12 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 12 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 PPDU Format Preamble Sequence Start of Frame Delimiter Frame Length MPDU (MAC Protocol Data Unit) Octets: 41 1 SHR (Synchronization Header) PHR ( PHY Header ) PSDU (PHY Service Data Unit) PPDU (PHY Protocol Data Unit) 8 to 127 The transmission of largest PPDU packet requires 4.256 msec for the air interface.  133 × 8 × 4 µsec = 4.256 msec.

13 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 13 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 MAC Overview of the WiBEEM Superframe consists of BOP, PQP, CAP, CFP and DSP. Multiple beacons in BOP are transmitted by WMC and all the WRCs, while WEDs do not transmit beacons. Low Power Consumption due to the Perfect Synchroni- zation all over the Network by using Beacon Scheduling Dynamic Channel Selection Network Topology  Star and Peer-to-Peer Topology  Cluster-tree Network Topology  Beacon-enabled as well as Beaconless Mesh Topology 65,536 = 2 16 devices per MPID (Mesh Piconet ID) Data Security Support with AES-128 Security

14 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 14 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 WiBEEM Superframe Structure BOP CAPCFP DSP Beacon #1 SD (Superframe Duration) BI (Beacon Interval) BOP BOP = BTTSL × maxBeaconNumber [symbols] SD = aBaseSuperframeDuration × 2 SO [symbols] = 960 × 2 SO [symbols] BI = aBaseSuperframeDuration × 2 BO [symbols] = 960 × 2 BO [symbols] Beacon #1 Beacon #2 Beacon #n PQP PQP = PQPL × aBaseDuration [symbols] CFP CFP = CFPL × aBaseDuration [symbols] BTTSL

15 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 15 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Beacon Frame Format and Beacon Payload Frame Control Beacon Sequence Number Source Address Information Superframe Specification CFP Fields Pending Address Field Beacon Payload FCS 1 4/10 2 km Variable2 MHR (MAC Header)MSDU (MAC Service Data Unit) MFR (MAC Footer) Bits : 0-3 Beacon Order 4-7 Superframe Order 8-11 Reserved 12 Battery life Extension 13 PQP Enabled 14 PAN Coordinator 15 Association Permit Octets: 2 Octets: 1 Max Beacon Number 1 BTTSL 1 Depth 2 NAA 2 Child Short Address 2 Parent Short Address 2 LSV -ND 1 Child Device Type 1 My Profile ID 1 My BTTS 0/1 PQPL 2 LSV -WMC

16 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 16 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 39 38 37 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 35 36 34 20 19 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 WMC 10 11 12 13 14 16 17 15 40 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 13 11 6 12 9 9 14 11 8 10 11 15 5 12 5 16 11 6 9 13 7 7 8 7 12 10 15 14 Beacon Scheduling Done for 40 Nodes CFP PQP DSP 1 2 34 5 6 78 9 10 12 1113 14 1516 1 2 3456 7 10 11 8 9 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 3031 32 3334 35 36 37 38 39 40 BTTSL BTTS BOP CAP

17 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 17 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 NWK Overview of the WiBEEM Network formation by passive and active scan Network growing support and easy network management Space Efficient, Real-Time Short Address Allocations  Addressing mechanism based on NAA (Next Address Available) algorithm for Efficient Address Space Usage  The short address can be assigned in real-time. Low Latency Routing Mechanism  WiBEEM uses proactive routing  WiBEEM can also adopt simplified AODV-like routing Network Message Broker High speed device mobility and QoS supported. Data fragmentation supported.

18 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 18 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 NWK Layer General Packet Format Octets: 2 0/1 Frame Control 220/2 Target Address Origi- nator Address Max. Broadcast Hop Count Broadcast ID Number Routing Fields NWK Header Variable Frame Payload 2 TTL 0/1 Fragmen- tation ID Var Fragmen- tation Count Var Fragmen- tation Number 0/1 Fragmen- tation Length Bits : 0-1 Frame Type 2-5 Protocol Version 6 Discover Route 7 Fragmentation 9 Security 10-15 Reserved 8 Multicast Flag Fragmentation Fields NWK Payload

19 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 19 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Advantages of WiBEEM Addressing No waste of 16-bit address spaces. Device discovery done when the address is granted. The concept of NAA (Next Address Available) allows the complete reuse of the 16-bit address space when the node has been disassociated. Address conflicts may happen when two nodes join in the network at the same time. Reasonable delay for resolving the address conflicts.

20 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 20 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 WiBEEM Routing The NAA-based addressing does not allow tree routing because of the non-systematic addressing mechanism. The tree routing, however, limits the applicability of the protocol drastically.  The number of new devices to join in.  Device mobility WiBEEM routing algorithm  Proactive routing with routing tables  Does not support Tree routing.  WiBEEM adopts simplified AOVD-like reactive routing when the link failure occurs.

21 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 21 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Forward Introduction Chapter 1. Scope Chapter 2. Normative References Chapter 3. Terms, Definitions, and Abbreviations Chapter 4. Conformance Clauses Chapter 5. General Requirements Chapter 6. PHY Service Specifications Chapter 7. PPDU Formats Chapter 8. PHY Constants and PIB Attributes Chapter 9. General Radio Specifications Chapter 10. Adaptive Modulation Coding for High Rate Support Chapter 11. Adaptive Channel Aggregation Structure of the WiBEEM Part 1: PHY

22 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 22 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Structure of the WiBEEM Part 2: MAC Forward Introduction Chapter 1. Scope Chapter 2. Normative References Chapter 3. Terms, Definitions, and Abbreviations Chapter 4. Conformance Clauses Chapter 5. General Requirements Chapter 6. MAC Sublayer Service Specifications Chapter 7. MAC Frame Formats Chapter 8. MAC Command frames Chapter 9. MAC Constants and MIB Attributes Chapter 10. MAC Functional Descriptions Chapter 11. MAC Sublayer Security Suite Specifications Chapter 12. Message Sequence Charts

23 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 23 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Structure of the WiBEEM Part 3: NWK Forward Introduction Chapter 1. Scope Chapter 2. Normative References Chapter 3. Terms, Definitions, and Abbreviations Chapter 4. Conformance Clauses Chapter 5. General Descriptions Chapter 6. NWK Service Specifications Chapter 7. NWK Frame Formats Chapter 8. NWK Command frames Chapter 9. NWK Constants and NIB Attributes Chapter 10. NWK Functional Descriptions Chapter 11. NWK Security Suite Specifications

24 Ho-In Jeon, Dept. EE, Kyung-Won Univ.Slide: 24 jeon1394@kornet.net, hijeon@kyungwon.ac.kr WiBEEM Tech. for Wireless Home Network Services ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 WG1 Meeting, March 26, 2007 Conclusions Introduced some Wireless Home Network Services. Presented WiBEEM technology for the energy efficient home network services  Multiple beacons in one superframe, that are scheduled to avoid beacon conflicts.  Real-time, efficient short address allocation based on NAA.  Device mobility supported.  Prioritized/Parameterized QoS supported. WiBEEM Protocol is a user-friendly technology for Wireless Home Network Services. Korea wishs to submit the WiBEEM technology as a multi-part NP to be standardized under SC25/WG1.


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