Presentation on theme: "U.S. Imperialism “The White Man’s Burden” Chapter 27 review"— Presentation transcript:
1U.S. Imperialism “The White Man’s Burden” Chapter 27 review
2The Industrial Revolution & Imperialism American industry and product production rose as a result of the Industrial Revolution.Americans could not buy all the goods the country was producing = looked to foreign marketsIn order to reach far off places, the U.S. need to build………??????
3YES SHIPS!!!!!Alfred Thayer Mahan- advocate of building a strong Navy.1. increasing production demanded we expanded overseas for new markets2. make sure no nation owns islands within three thousand miles of San Francisco.3. A powerful Navy must be built
5Former American possessions- The following areas have at one time or another been under the control of the United States of America and have not been fully incorporated into the country as states.American Samoa (1900-)Cuba ( , -now independent; however, Guantanamo Bay remains under the control of the U.S. military)Dominican Republic (occupied )Guam (1898-present, obtained by treaty with Spain following the Spanish-American War)Haiti (occupied )Liberia , now independent)Panama Canal Zone ( ) (now part of Panama)Philippines , now independent.Puerto Rico , now a US commonwealthU.S. Virgin Islands (1917-)
7How did the U.S. justify Imperialism??? Americans and Europeans claimed it was their responsibility as the “superior races” to uplift, civilize and Christianize native peoples (Social Darwinism again)White Mans Burden
8White Mans BurdenUsing the provided picture, what do you believe is the white mans burden?
12What is a Territory???The people who live on the islands are U.S. citizens, but cannot vote in U.S. Presidential elections, but can vote in primaries.The residents have been given the choice of independence or statehood.
13America’s Interest in Cuba Sugar and $$$Control of the Gulf of MexicoCubans revolted against Spanish oppressors= endangered America’s economic interest
14Chapter 11.2War with SpainCuba1895 civil war broke out in Cuba between Spain & the CubansValeriano “The Butcher” Weyler- sent by Spain to end revoltForced thousands of farmers into concentration camps & shot anyone who was outside of the city200,000 died from starvation and diseaseU.S. papers reported- …
15….BLOOD ON THE ROADSIDES, BLOOD IN THE VILLAGES, BLOOD, BLOOD, BLOOD!”
16The Yellow Press William Randolph Hearst- and the Yellow Press Spanish minister to US wrote a The DeLome letter saying Pres McKinley was “weak & a bidder for the admiration of the crowd”Cuban spy found the letter, sold it to HearstU.S. Media pushes the nation into a war against SpainAmerica sends a fleet to Cuba to protect its interests
17Remember the Main! to hell with Spain! U.S.S Maine exploded in Havana harbor on Feb 15, 1898Spanish mine blamed for the explosion…true?- William Randolph Hearst tells photographers “you furnish the pictures…I’ll furnish the war!”U.S. declares war against Spain on Feb. 25, 1898
18Fighting in the Philippines 1st battle of the war fought in the Spanish colonies of the PhilippinesCommodore George DeweyUS attacked Spanish navy at Manilia BaySpanish navy fleet destroyed in minutes!Spain surrendered in Aug 1898
19In CubaRough RidersMilitary unit commanded by Leonard Wood and organized by Theodore Roosevelt1000 college athletes, cowboys, American Indians, & rancherscharged on footMost soldiers were half naked-July 3- Entire Spanish fleet sunk & no damagedone to U.S. ships the war ends!Majority of soldiers died due to diseaseand bacteria not bullets
20Results of the warTeller Amendment- U.S. would give Cuba its freedom if it overthrew Spanish rule.Spain looses Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines to the U.S.US pays $20 million for PhilippinesEach new land is ruled in a different manner
21Expansion in Cuba Built schools & sanitation systems Chapter 11.3Built schools & sanitation systemstried to reduce mosquito pop.Leonard Wood- appointed Gov. of Cuba to restore order and protect interestsNew constitution limited Cuba’s independenceU.S. would remove troops if Cuba accepted Platt Amendment
22Platt Amendment Limits Cuba’s right to make treaties US was “parent” Lease land to US for navy purposesUS would be “protectorate” of CubaCuba signed it; lasted until the Great Depression
23Independent Cuba 1902 U.S. makes Cuba a republic 1930’s taken over by dictator Batista after U.S. withdraws interest1959 Fidel Castro takes over and makes alliance with Communist Russia = hard feelings between the U.S.
24Ernesto (Che) Guevara and Fidel Castro 1956 Castro and Guevara plot to overthrow Batista1959 Fidel Castro takes over and makes alliance with Communist Russia = hard feelings between the U.S.
25Murder of Che Killed at 39 years old in 1967 “Shoot, coward, you're only going to kill a man"