U.S. Imperialism “The White Man’s Burden” Chapter 27 review
The Industrial Revolution & Imperialism American industry and product production rose as a result of the Industrial Revolution. Americans could not buy all the goods the country was producing = looked to foreign markets In order to reach far off places, the U.S. need to build………??????
YES SHIPS!!!!! Alfred Thayer Mahan- advocate of building a strong Navy. 1. increasing production demanded we expanded overseas for new markets 2. make sure no nation owns islands within three thousand miles of San Francisco. 3. A powerful Navy must be built
Former American possessions- The following areas have at one time or another been under the control of the United States of America and have not been fully incorporated into the country as states. American Samoa (1900-)American Samoa Cuba (1899-1902, -now independent; however, Guantanamo Bay remains under the control of the U.S. military)CubaU.S. military Dominican Republic (occupied 1916-1924) Guam (1898-present, obtained by treaty with Spain following the Spanish-American War)Guam Haiti (occupied 1915-1934)Haiti Liberia 1820-1847, now independent)Liberia Panama Canal Zone (1903-1979) (now part of Panama)Panama Canal ZonePanama Philippines 1898-1946, now independent.Philippines Puerto Rico 1898-1952, now a US commonwealthPuerto Rico U.S. Virgin Islands (1917-)U.S. Virgin Islands
How did the U.S. justify Imperialism??? Americans and Europeans claimed it was their responsibility as the “superior races” to uplift, civilize and Christianize native peoples (Social Darwinism again) White Mans Burden
Using the provided picture, what do you believe is the white mans burden?
What is a Territory??? The people who live on the islands are U.S. citizens, but cannot vote in U.S. Presidential elections, but can vote in primaries. The residents have been given the choice of independence or statehood.
America’s Interest in Cuba Sugar and $$$ Control of the Gulf of Mexico Cubans revolted against Spanish oppressors= endangered America’s economic interest
War with Spain Cuba –1895 civil war broke out in Cuba between Spain & the Cubans Valeriano “The Butcher” Weyler- sent by Spain to end revolt –Forced thousands of farmers into concentration camps & shot anyone who was outside of the city –200,000 died from starvation and disease –U.S. papers reported- … Chapter 11.2
….BLOOD ON THE ROADSIDES, BLOOD IN THE VILLAGES, BLOOD, BLOOD, BLOOD!” BLOOD
The Yellow Press William Randolph Hearst- and the Yellow Press –Spanish minister to US wrote a The DeLome letter saying Pres McKinley was “weak & a bidder for the admiration of the crowd” –Cuban spy found the letter, sold it to Hearst –U.S. Media pushes the nation into a war against Spain America sends a fleet to Cuba to protect its interests
Remember the Main! to hell with Spain! U.S.S Maine exploded in Havana harbor on Feb 15, 1898 –Spanish mine blamed for the explosion…true? - William Randolph Hearst tells photographers “you furnish the pictures…I’ll furnish the war!” U.S. declares war against Spain on Feb. 25, 1898
Fighting in the Philippines 1 st battle of the war fought in the Spanish colonies of the Philippines Commodore George Dewey US attacked Spanish navy at Manilia Bay –Spanish navy fleet destroyed in minutes! –Spain surrendered in Aug 1898
In Cuba Rough Riders Military unit commanded by Leonard Wood and organized by Theodore Roosevelt –1000 college athletes, cowboys, American Indians, & ranchers –charged on foot –Most soldiers were half naked -July 3- Entire Spanish fleet sunk & no damage done to U.S. ships the war ends! Majority of soldiers died due to disease and bacteria not bullets
Results of the war Teller Amendment- U.S. would give Cuba its freedom if it overthrew Spanish rule. Spain looses Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines to the U.S. US pays $20 million for Philippines Each new land is ruled in a different manner
Expansion in Cuba Built schools & sanitation systems tried to reduce mosquito pop. Leonard Wood- appointed Gov. of Cuba to restore order and protect interests –New constitution limited Cuba’s independence –U.S. would remove troops if Cuba accepted Platt Amendment Chapter 11.3
–Platt Amendment Limits Cuba’s right to make treaties US was “parent” Lease land to US for navy purposes –US would be “protectorate” of Cuba Cuba signed it; lasted until the Great Depression
Independent Cuba 1902 U.S. makes Cuba a republic 1930’s taken over by dictator Batista after U.S. withdraws interest 1959 Fidel Castro takes over and makes alliance with Communist Russia = hard feelings between the U.S.
Ernesto (Che) Guevara and Fidel Castro 1956 Castro and Guevara plot to overthrow Batista 1959 Fidel Castro takes over and makes alliance with Communist Russia = hard feelings between the U.S.
Murder of Che Killed at 39 years old in 1967 “Shoot, coward, you're only going to kill a man"