Lead-in 1. What kind of music do you like? 2. Which songs do you think reflect your dream of love or friendship? Task 1 Catching the missing information Lead-in questions
Listen and read Lead-in
Young people often dream of love and listen to love songs. One love song says “Love makes the world go round,” and another says “Love is all there is.” These words may _______too romantic. Love is important, but so are other_______________. That’s why we sing “Auld Lang Syne” to _______our Listen and complete friends.
Listen and complete What are your views of love and friendship, and what do you ________of them in the future? Do you know a song that _________your own dreams of love or friendship? If a love song or rosy dream could ______in your relationships, what would it be? What are your views of love and friendship, and what do you ________of them in the future? Do you know a song that _________your own dreams of love or friendship? If a love song or rosy dream could ______in your relationships, what would it be?
Young people often dream of love and listen to love songs. One love song says “Love makes the world go round,” and another says “Love is all there is.” These words may _______too romantic. Love is important, but so are other_______________. That’s why we sing “Auld Lang Syne” to _______our Listen and check friends. sound relationships honor
Listen and check What are your views of love and friendship, and what do you ________of them in the future? Do you know a song that _________your own dreams of love or friendship? If a love song or rosy dream could ____________in your relationships, what would it be? What are your views of love and friendship, and what do you ________of them in the future? Do you know a song that _________your own dreams of love or friendship? If a love song or rosy dream could ____________in your relationships, what would it be? expect describes come true
Exploring vocabulary dream of love song sound romantic rosy dream Work in pairs to pick out the words and expressions related to the unit topic. Work in pairs to pick out the words and expressions related to the unit topic.
Lead-in Work in groups to talk about the pictures on Page 145. You may use the words and expressions you’ve learned from the listening passage. Task 2 Talking about pictures
Dialogue Samples Dialogue 1 Meeting on Campus Lead-in question What do you usually talk about with a new friend of yours?
Dialogue Sample Study Read the first dialogue in pairs and tell us Daniel’s problem in meeting a new friend, esp. a girl, and what he says to Yu Feng.
What’s Daniel’s problem and what does he say? Do I need an introduction? Can you introduce me to them? I’d feel a little outnumbered to approach them alone. I’m not quite sure how to introduce myself to strangers in China.
What does Yu Feng say to him? How does he My cousin Xia Lin is here, and she’s a freshman just like you. I could introduce you to her and some of her friends. Oh, come on, man! China is not so traditional anymore. You can speak for yourself. Oh, Xia Lin, I didn’t notice you beside me. This is my friend Daniel. He wants to meet you and some of your friends. introduce Daniel to his cousin?
What do they say when Daniel and Xia Lin are introduced to each other? Hi. I’m just a freshman. You call me Dan. I’m a freshman, too, and so are all the other people in my group.
Listen and read Making Friends Dialogue 1 They are at a party where the sophomores are helping to welcome the new freshmen. Yu Feng: a sophomore a freshman Dan: a freshman Xia Lin:
Listen and imitate Making Friends Dialogue 1 They are at a party where the sophomores are helping to welcome the new freshmen. Yu Feng: a sophomore a freshman Dan: a freshman Xia Lin:
Dialogue Samples Dialogue 2 At a wedding Lead-in question Have you ever attended a wedding of an American friend? How different do you find they are from us at a wedding? Reference Wedding etiquette, procedure and so on.
Dialogue Sample Study Read the second dialogue in pairs and speak out the sentences that show the differences in relationship between young people in China and America.
Which sentences? Young people in America don’t always take time to become good friends before trying to decide if they’re in love. People in China are more patient. Maybe they (people in China) can deal with more complex relationships, with more room for both love and friendship. They (relationships in China) last long time, too. We (Americans) make new friends much more often, and may forget the old ones.
Listen and read Dialogue 2At a Wedding Li Ping: Chinese student Foreign student John: Li Ping, a Chinese student is talking to John, a foreign student. Li Ping, a Chinese student is talking to John, a foreign student.
Listen and imitate Dialogue 2At a Wedding Li Ping: Chinese student Foreign student John: Li Ping, a Chinese student is talking to John, a foreign student. Li Ping, a Chinese student is talking to John, a foreign student.
Communicative Tasks Task 1 Making Friends Task 1 Making Friends Task 2 On Relationships Task 2 On Relationships
Role A Role B Daniel Situation: Daniel and Xia Lin have just met at a party for freshmen. Continue their conversation from the previous example until they become better acquainted and make up plans for further developing their friendship. Task 1 Making Friends Xia Lin
Work in pairs to do Task 1. Five minutes later some pairs of you are expected to role-play the task, and then the others will be invited to make comments on your performance. The comments should involve the presentation of the real-life situation and the English you use for making friends.
Role A Role B A Chinese student Situation: A Chinese student and an American student are talking about their friends and some of the differences between friendships in the two countries. They each have many questions. Think of some answers they might give. An American student Task 2 On Relationships
Work in pairs to role play Task 2 after class by imitating Dialogue 2. You may use the following tips. Do you have a best friend or a special friend? When and how did you first meet? Have you made some new friends lately? How did you meet them? Do you often exchange letters or s with your friends ? Do you like to send (phone/computer) messages to your friends? Do your friends enjoy group activities? Which ones do they like most?
Read and Explore Passage A Freshman Friendship Lexical Preparation
Do fast reading of Passage A and pick out the sentences containing the following target words and expressions. intimate acquaintance barely encounter replace motion principal summarize incline recall far from occasionally Exploring vocabulary
Read the following sentences with the target words and expressions and see how they are used in context. 1. Almost two years ago, I stood on a balcony, joined hands with my three most intimate friends and listened to one of them tell a story about four girls with different backgrounds and talents who left home and went to college at a mythical place called Happy Valley. (Para.1)
2. Three months can seem like a long time when you are leaving friends and acquaintances whom you have only known for a year. Your freshman year 3. Even if you have almost forgotten your freshman year roommates two years later, and barely recognize them when you encounter them in front of the gymnasium, you can never replace that year and the brand-new feeling that your first year of moments are irreplaceable. (Para. 6) college brings. (Para. 8)
4. “That’s where we grew up,” she told him, motioning toward Atherton Hall, where the four of us spent our first two years at Penn State. 5. That dorm is where we learned and discussed the lessons of our freshman and sophomore years. I think the principal lesson I learned was the definition of true friendship. (Para. 11) 6. That lesson can best be summarized by something Alisa and Karen told me when I was upset at the end of last semester and needed a shoulder to cry (Para. 10) on. (Para. 12)
7. They said no matter how far we drift apart or who else we become friends with after college, we will always incline to recall each other first whenever 8. The story Alisa told on that balcony is far from 9. And occasionally they would make it back to reunions at that mythical valley and see their old friends, laughing about the good times. (Para. 16) we think of college. (Para. 12) over. (Para. 14)
1. encounter 1. encounter v. meet or have to deal with (sth. bad, esp. a Further study The more dangers we encounter, the harder should we push forward. The more dangers we encounter, the harder should we push forward. The young scientists encountered many difficulties during their exploration. The young scientists encountered many difficulties during their exploration. danger or a difficulty); be faced with Examples I encountered an old friend in Rome. Examples I encountered an old friend in Rome.
2. replace 2. replace v. take the place of; put back in the original Further study Examples We’ve replaced the old adding machine with a computer. Nothing can replace a mother’s love and care. When you have finished using the axe, please replace it. Examples We’ve replaced the old adding machine with a computer. Nothing can replace a mother’s love and care. When you have finished using the axe, please replace it. place
3. motion 3. motion v. to signal with a movement, usu. with the Further study hand n. (manner of) moving Examples He opened the door and motioned me to come in. The object is no longer in motion. Examples He opened the door and motioned me to come in. The object is no longer in motion.
4. summarize 4. summarize v. to make a short general statement of Further study Examples His talk summarized recent trends in philosophy. She summarized the aims of the new party in a couple of sentences. Examples His talk summarized recent trends in philosophy. She summarized the aims of the new party in a couple of sentences. the main points of (something longer or more detailed) the main points of (something longer or more detailed)
5. incline 5. incline v. influence or encourage (someone) or tend to incline to sth incline to do sth Further study What he said inclined me to think that he will agree to our plan. What he said inclined me to think that he will agree to our plan. have a particular feeling, belief, etc. Examples I inclined to another point of view. Examples I inclined to another point of view.
6. recall 6. recall v. bring back to the mind; order sb to return Further study (from a place) Examples I recalled seeing him. As you may recall, he was in hospital then. The ambassador was recalled from his post. Examples I recalled seeing him. As you may recall, he was in hospital then. The ambassador was recalled from his post.
Make sentences with the following words and expressions, three minutes later you’ll read your compare … to even after far from no matter how succeed in Using the vocabulary sentences to the class.
Assignment 1. Pair task Role-play Communicative task 2 according to the topic and the situation of the task. Performance in class is necessary in the next session. 2. Individual tasks Learn by heart the new words of Passage A. Listen to and read Passage A aloud for at least two times. 3. Group tasks Do the pre-reading exercise of Passage A in groups. Analyze the structure of Passage A in groups.
Session 2 ( minutes)
Session Tasks Role-playing of Communicative Task 2 Passage A Freshman Friendship
Role-playing Role-play Communicative Task 2. First in groups and then to the class. Some pairs will be invited to make comments.
Passage A Freshman Friendship Read and Explore
Warm-up Questions Content Awareness Language Focus Consolidation Practice Related Information Class Discussion How to Learn
Related Information 1. Roommates and Majors in American Colleges Freshman roommates are usually assigned randomly, with no attention to their majors, and may have little in common with one another either academically or personally. They may take none of the same classes, and do not have to choose their majors the first year. In future years it’s very easy to change roommates, and in the junior or senior year it’s quite common for students to move to off-campus apartments. So there’s much less likelihood that freshman roommates will become lifelong friends.
2. American and Chinese Friendships Americans are very adapt at making new friends, while Chinese people are very skillful at keeping their old friends. The main reason for this is that Americans experience more changes in their personal circumstances, such as changing jobs, moving to another town, or getting divorced. At any given time an American may have only a few close friends but many casual acquaintances. Over the course of a lifetime an American will probably have more friends than a Chinese person has but a Chinese person may have more lifelong friends. Related Information
3. Class Reunions In many Western countries it is customary for the people who graduated from a college or school in the same year to gather periodically at the campus or in their hometown for a class reunion. It often includes parties, dinners, dancing, golfing, bowling, and other special events such as visits with former teachers. Reunions usually occur every five years, beginning five years after graduation. Certain reunions such as the 10th, 25th, and 50th are often considered special, and are more elaborate than the others. Related Information
4. Alumni Association The Alumni Association has been launched with the aim of encouraging former students to maintain links with the College and with each other. The Association provides networking and other benefits, and helps alumni to keep up-to-date with courses and events through the web pages, a regular newsletter and an annual magazine. Related Information
Warm-up Questions 1. Was it hard for you to say goodbye to your friends at the end of high school? 2. How strong are your college friendships likely to remain in your adult life? Are they stronger than your childhood friendships or your relationships with future colleagues? 3. What kinds of friendships do you usually keep the longest?
Content Awareness Reading task 1 Analyzing the passage structure Work in groups to exchange your ideas of how many parts Passage A falls into.
Analyzing structure Division Main idea Paras. 1-3 Paras. 4-5 Four girls spent the last day of their freshman year together, looking back on their freshman friendship. Three months was a long time for the four girls to leave their new friends, whom they had only known for a year. Structure of Passage A
Division Main idea Paras Paras The four girls learned the definition of true friendship from each other outside of the classroom during the first two years of college. The author believed that they would live all over the country and do the jobs they had dreamed of after graduation, but whatever happened to them, they wouldn’t forget their freshman friendship. Analyzing structure Structure of Passage A
Content Awareness Reading task 2 Understanding the details of each part Work in groups to discuss the following questions.
Questions for discussion (Paras. 1-3) 1.In what year of college was the author at the time of the article? Junior. 2. Where did Alisa tell her story? On a dormitory balcony. Content Awareness
3. How did the four girls spend the last day of their freshman year? They went to the sandwich shop for the last lunch of the semester, tried on each other’s clothes, watched movies, and acted like they would never see each other again. Questions for discussion (Paras. 1-3)
Question for discussion (Paras. 4-5) 4. Why was it hard for the four girls to say goodbye at the end of the freshman year? Because they had become close friends by the end of the year.
Questions for discussion (Paras. 6-12) 5. How did the author think of college freshmen? They were changing and growing. 6. Where did Karen say she and her three friends grew up? In the dormitory Atherton Hall. 7. What was the most important lesson they learned from each other outside the classroom? The definition of true friendship.
8. What is the author’s advice to freshmen? Her advice is to cherish those moments of the freshman year. Questions for discussion (Paras. 6-12)
Questions for discussion (Paras.13-15) 9. What kinds of careers did the author hope her classmates would have? Careers that require education. 10. What does the author imply in the last three paragraphs? Wherever they live and whatever jobs they take after graduation, they won’t forget their freshman friendship.
Reading task 3 Summarizing the passage four girls; with different backgrounds and different talents; by the end of the freshman year; close friends; the last day of the freshman year; look back on; freshman friendship; hard to say goodbye; irreplaceable; grow up; in the dormitory; learn more outside the classroom; the definition of true friendship; wherever to go; whatever to do; after graduation; Work in groups to write a summary of Passage A with the tips given. remember the good times. Tips
Four girls with different backgrounds and talents became close friends by the end of the freshman year. They spent the last day of the year, looking back on their freshman friendship. It was hard for them to say goodbye. The freshman year moments were irreplaceable. They believed that they grew up in the dormitory, where they learned more than they learned inside the classroom. The principal lesson they learned was the definition of true friendship. And they believed wherever they went and whatever jobs they took after graduation, they wouldn’t forget their freshman Reference friendship.
Class Discussion of Difficult Language Points Read the passage again and see if there is any sentence or word that you still don’t understand.
Paraphrase Do you understand? I had spent that day together just being freshmen I had spent that merely doing typical things that freshmen do. Examples We spent the day just walking in the park. He spent the whole night watching TV.
... saying goodbye at the end of the first year can feel like saying goodbye forever. Paraphrase When you say goodbye at the end of the freshman year it’s easy to imagine you’ll never see each other again.
Paraphrase Your freshman year moments are irreplaceable. You’re only a freshman once, so you should cherish this experience.
Paraphrase You may grow completely apart from the people you spent your first year with... You may end your friendship with those people you spent your first year with...
Paraphrase... comparing them to siblings at the end of your junior year as I did. feeling like they were my sisters...
You will do a lot more growing up. Paraphrase You will experience many things before you become mature.
... Karen took her hometown boyfriend Kevin on a tour around campus… Paraphrase Karen showed her boyfriend Kevin around the campus.
And I have never had nor will ever have better teachers than Alisa, Karen and Gabrielle. Paraphrase I learned more about friendship from these three friends than from anyone else.
That lesson can best be summarized by something Alisa and Karen told me when I was upset at the end of last semester and needed a shoulder to cry on. Paraphrase The definition of friendship was the lesson that Alisa and Karen made clear to me when I was upset at the end of last semester and they gave me some friendly concern. (Note: “that lesson” refers to “the most important lesson” as described in the earlier sentence.)
Consolidation in Class Read and compare in groups the English sentences in Ex. 8, paying attention to their italicized parts, and then translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the Ex. 8 Simulated Translation structure of the English sentences.
Reference 1. 即使他已几乎忘记了那位姑娘的容貌，但是那位姑娘给 他留下的美好记忆是永远都无法替代的。 Consolidation in Class Even if he has almost forgotten the girl’s appearance, he can never replace the good memories that the girl left on him.
Reference 2. 为了庆祝结婚 25 周年，他带妻子游览了巴黎。 Consolidation in Class For their 25th wedding anniversary he took his wife on a tour of Paris.
Reference 3. 我从未有过，将来也不会有比这更好的出国深造的机会。 Consolidation in Class I have never had nor will ever have a better chance than this one to go abroad for further study.
Reference 4. 他还远远不够资格做他申请的那份工作。 Consolidation in Class He is still far from being qualified to do the job he has applied for.
Reference 5. 每五年我们高中同学就会回学校聚会一次。 Consolidation in Class Every five years we would make it back to the class reunion at our high school.
Assignment Individual task 1. Talk about the best friend and present it in the next class. You can mention the following points: 2. Write a paragraph about what you have learned from the friends you have made in college. 3. Do Exercises 2-7. when and where you got acquainted the special impression she or he left on you the way she or he makes your life better or more interesting.