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Session 1 (90-100 minutes) Session Tasks Listen and Talk Read and Explore Passage A.

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Presentation on theme: "Session 1 (90-100 minutes) Session Tasks Listen and Talk Read and Explore Passage A."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Session 1 (90-100 minutes) Session Tasks Listen and Talk Read and Explore Passage A

4 Lead-in Dialogue Samples Communicative Tasks Dialogue 1 Dialogue 2 Task 1 Task 2 Listen and Talk

5 Lead-in Lead-in question Why should we improve study skills? Get better grades, get a better job, expand your mind, have more free time and so on. Task 1 Catching the missing information

6 Listen and read Lead-in

7 Listen and complete Advertisement in a Campus Newspaper Improve your study skills. Discover new learning _________. Here are several reasons why. You can: get better _______ get a better job _______your mind have more free time. Sounds great, doesn’t it ? Read this unit and get some useful ___________. Approach learning from different __________, and you can be a Master Student. Improve your study skills. Discover new learning _________. Here are several reasons why. You can: get better _______ get a better job _______your mind have more free time. Sounds great, doesn’t it ? Read this unit and get some useful ___________. Approach learning from different __________, and you can be a Master Student.

8 Advertisement in a Campus Newspaper Improve your study skills. Discover new learning _________. Here are several reasons why. You can: get better _______ get a better job _______your mind have more free time. Sounds great, doesn’t it ? Read this unit and get some useful ___________. Approach learning from different __________, and you can be a Master Student. Improve your study skills. Discover new learning _________. Here are several reasons why. You can: get better _______ get a better job _______your mind have more free time. Sounds great, doesn’t it ? Read this unit and get some useful ___________. Approach learning from different __________, and you can be a Master Student. Listen and check strategies grades expand tips viewpoints

9 Exploring vocabulary Work in pairs to pick out the words and expressions related to the unit topic. Work in pairs to pick out the words and expressions related to the unit topic. improve learning strategies get better grades expand your mind tips from different viewpoints

10 Lead-in Task 2 Talking about pictures Work in groups to talk about the pictures on Page 125. You may use the words and expressions you’ve learned from the listening passage.

11 Dialogue Samples Dialogue 1 Consulting a Foreign Teacher on Learning Lead-in question Do you know what to say if you want to consult someone? Reference I wonder if you could tell me … Would you please tell me … Strategies

12 Dialogue Sample Study Read the dialogue in pairs and speak out sentences for consulting someone in the dialogue.

13 Which sentences? Could you give me some advice on how to improve my writing? Could you give me some tips, so that I can improve my writing rapidly?

14 Do you know more? I would appreciate it if you could tell me… Would you kindly…

15 Listen and read Consulting a foreign teacher on learning Dialogue 1 The student is going to consult the foreign teacher about English learning. Teacher Student strategies

16 Listen and imitate Consulting a foreign teacher on learning Dialogue 1 The student is going to consult the foreign teacher about English learning. Teacher Student strategies

17 Dialogue Samples Lead-in question Do you know how to advise someone? Reference If I were you, I’d just… I think you should… I think maybe you ought to try… You ought to think about… You’d better … Dialogue 2 Consulting a Foreign Friend on Learning English Dialogue 2 Consulting a Foreign Friend on Learning English

18 Dialogue Sample Study Read the second dialogue in pairs and speak out sentences that are used for advising someone in the dialogue.

19 I think it might be a good idea to take every opportunity to speak English and speak as much as you can. Which sentence?

20 Please find the sentences that are used for accepting someone’s advice in the dialogue. What are the sentences? That’s true.

21 Can you add more from what you’ve learned outside class? Standby examples That’s an excellent idea. That’ll be fine. I think you are absolutely right. That’s quite true. Yes, I couldn’t agree more.

22 Listen and read Dialogue 2Consulting a foreign friend on learning English Wang meets Mike and asks for his advice on learning English. Wang Mark

23 Listen and imitate Dialogue 2Consulting a foreign friend on learning English Wang meets Mike and asks for his advice on learning English. Wang Mark

24 Communicative Tasks Task 1 Consulting about the ways to improve English Task 1 Consulting about the ways to improve English Task 2 Consulting on how to improve listening comprehension Task 2 Consulting on how to improve listening comprehension

25 Role A Role B Zhou Ping, a Chinese student Situation: Zhou Ping talks to her foreign friend Sandra about how she can improve her English. Sandra, a foreign friend Task 1 Consulting about the ways to improve English

26 Work in pairs to role play Task 1 by imitating Dialogue 1. You may use the following tips. I wonder if you can give me some help. I’d appreciate it if you could give me some good advice. How many new words should I try to learn every day? How can I improve my pronunciation? I keep a diary in English. I read books in English. I go to English corners every week. I watch movies and television in English. What else can I try to do ?

27 Consulting on how to improve listening comprehension. Do the task after class in pairs. Task 2 Consulting on how to improve listening comprehension

28 Read and Explore Passage A Not just a job, an Adventure: Undergraduate Research Lexical Preparation

29 Do fast reading of Passage A and pick out the sentences containing the following target words and expressions. be beneficial to intensive passively constantly point out spur independent on one’s own mode plug original demonstration on … basis constitute transform … into Exploring vocabulary

30 Read the following sentences with the target words and expressions and see how they are used in context. 1.Students and professors agree that an undergraduate research project can be uniquely beneficial to both parties. 2. Ideally, undergraduate research is an opportunity for the kind of intensive study that can expand the mind in ways 3. To really understand a discipline you have to get the feeling that knowledge isn’t just out there and you passively have to absorb it, but rather that it’s constantly being created and (Para. 1) traditional courses can’t. (Para. 2) we’re constantly rethinking things... (Para. 2)

31 4. He points out that research can be exciting because “a research project really gives students an opportunity to answer real-life questions that we don’t know the answers to.” (Para. 2) 5. Research also spurs independent thinking and intellectual 6. You had to go out and learn on your own. (Para. 3) 7. Arthur Hannah, a political science graduate of Columbia College says undergraduate research “felt like a whole new 8. It’s a process of looking for holes and trying to plug them, which is completely different from the classroom experience of mode of learning.” (Para. 4) learning what others already know. (Para. 4) confidence in students. (Para. 3)

32 9. He also describes how creating a piece of original research instilled a “pride of authorship” in his work, something he 10. In some departments a research project might constitute an honors thesis. (Para. 5 ) 10. In some departments a research project might constitute an honors thesis. (Para. 5 ) 11. Stella says, “I need some kind of income, and I’d rather work here than in the cafeteria”; paid research work gives her an opportunity to transform a work-study job into an 11. Stella says, “I need some kind of income, and I’d rather work here than in the cafeteria”; paid research work gives her an opportunity to transform a work-study job into an 12. Other students do research not for credit or for money but simply on a volunteer basis. (Para. 7) 12. Other students do research not for credit or for money but simply on a volunteer basis. (Para. 7) hadn't found in his regular classes. (Para. 4) engaging aspect of her education. (Para. 6 )

33 13. Usually, these are students pursuing a career that requires some demonstration of altruistic commitment, such as 13. Usually, these are students pursuing a career that requires some demonstration of altruistic commitment, such as medicine. (Para. 7)

34 1. original 1. original adj. new and different, unlike others Further study Examples The original owner of the house moved out. The original picture is in the British Museum. Examples The original owner of the house moved out. The original picture is in the British Museum.

35 2. intensive 2. intensive adj. giving a lot of attention or action to a small amount of something Further study Examples This patient requires intensive care. Do you have the course of intensive reading this term? Ahead of us lay ten days of intensive training. Examples This patient requires intensive care. Do you have the course of intensive reading this term? Ahead of us lay ten days of intensive training.

36 3. spur 3. spur v. to encourage to grow or develop Examples What spurred her to do that? He was constantly spurred on by a fear of failure. Examples What spurred her to do that? He was constantly spurred on by a fear of failure. the spur of poverty a spur to greater efficiency Ambition is an excellent spur for the young. the spur of poverty a spur to greater efficiency Ambition is an excellent spur for the young. n. thing that urges a person on to greater activity; incentive n. thing that urges a person on to greater activity; incentive Further study

37 4. independent 4. independent adj. not needing other things or people Examples She is so independent that she refused all financial aid. Now that you are a college student, you should learn to be independent of your parents’ financial support. Cats and dogs have quite different nature: dogs like company, and cats are independent. Examples She is so independent that she refused all financial aid. Now that you are a college student, you should learn to be independent of your parents’ financial support. Cats and dogs have quite different nature: dogs like company, and cats are independent. Further study

38 5. demonstrate 5. demonstrate v. to show, describe clearly Further study Examples Please demonstrate how the machine works. She demonstrated the way the machine works. Examples Please demonstrate how the machine works. She demonstrated the way the machine works.

39 Make sentences with the following words and expressions original intensive constitute plug transform…into be beneficial to Using the vocabulary

40 Assignment 2. Individual tasks Learn by heart the new words of Passage A. Listen to and read Passage A aloud for at least two times. 3. Group tasks Do the pre-reading exercise of Passage A in groups. Analyze the structure of Passage A in groups. 1. Pair task Role-play Communicative task 2 according to the topic and the situation of the task. Performance in class is necessary in the next session. 1. Pair task Role-play Communicative task 2 according to the topic and the situation of the task. Performance in class is necessary in the next session.

41 Session 2 (90-100 minutes)

42 Session Tasks Role-playing of Communicative Task 2 Passage A Not Just a Job, an Adventure: Undergraduate Research

43 Role-playing Role-play Communicative Task 2. First in groups and then to the class. Some pairs will be invited to make comments.

44 Passage A Not Just a Job, an Adventure: Read and Explore Undergraduate Research

45 Warm-up Questions Content Awareness Language Focus Consolidation Practice Related Information Class Discussion How to Learn

46 Related Information In many universities, students are encouraged to participate in research to develop their own original research designs under the guidance of instructors. Students are usually paid for their research. If they register for a course and do a project, they can earn academic credits. In some departments a research project might constitute an honors thesis. 1. Undergraduate Research

47 Related Information 2. ways to graduate with honors In U. S. education, there are four main ways students may graduate with honors. All A’s ------ may graduate “with highest honors”. Mostly A’s ------may graduate “with high honors”. Mostly A’s& B’s ------ may graduate “with honors”. A student may graduate with honors in the major field. This requires high grades in the major, fairly good grades overall, and an extra research project in the major.

48 Related Information 3. Honors thesis An honors student who does an extra research project in the major and writes a research paper can graduate with honors. This extra research project paper is usually called an honors thesis, which resembles a short master’s thesis.

49 1. Some people say, “We learn more outside class.” Do you agree? Why or why not? 2. According to the passage, what benefits can undergraduate students get by doing research at Warm-up Questions college?

50 Content Awareness Work in groups to exchange your ideas of how many parts Passage A falls into. Reading Task 1 Analyzing the passage structure

51 Analyzing structure Division Main idea Para. 1 Paras. 2-4 Paras. 5-7 Para. 8 Structure of Passage A Introduction: Undergraduate research is beneficial to both students and professors. Undergraduate research, as a new way of learning, expands students’ minds and enhances their confidence. The reasons why undergraduates undertake research. Conclusion: Undergraduate research is a valuable part of higher education.

52 Reading Task 2 Picking out the topic sentence of each paragraph Para.1 Students and professors agree that an undergraduate research project can be uniquely beneficial to both parties. Para.2 Ideally, undergraduate research is an opportunity for the kind of intensive study that can expand the mind in ways traditional Para. 3 Research also spurs independent thinking and intellectual confidence in students. courses can’t.

53 Para. 4 Undergraduate research is like a whole new mode of learning. Para. 5 Most undergraduates doing research are working for credit. Para. 6 Some students do research for pay. Para. 7 Other students do research not for credit or for money but simply on a volunteer basis. Para. 8 Undergraduate research can become a valuable part of education.

54 Content Awareness Work in groups to discuss the following questions. Reading Task 3 Understanding the details of each part

55 Questions for discussion (Para. 1) 1. Who is Sophia Stella? She is a sophomore at Columbia’s School of Engineering. 2. Who can benefit from doing undergraduate research? Both students and professors.

56 Questions for discussion (Paras. 2-4) 1. What can undergraduate research do for students that traditional courses can’t? Expand the students’ minds through intensive study of evolving knowledge. 2. Why does Professor Ralph Edison say that research can be exciting? Because a research project gives students an opportunity to answer real-life questions.

57 3. Why does Arthur Hannah say that undergraduate research is a whole new mode of learning? Because research forces students to look for information they don’t know, not for knowledge they already have. 4. What does “spoon-fed” mean in the sentence “You were not going to be spoon-fed”? Questions for discussion (Paras. 2-4) To be taught passively in every step.

58 5. What made Amelia return to Columbia to pursue further studies? She enjoyed her days as an undergraduate researcher at Columbia. Questions for discussion (Paras. 2-4)

59 Questions for discussion (Paras. 5-7) 1. Why do the undergraduates undertake research? Some do it for academic credit, others for money, and still others just for experience. 2. Why did Stella prefer to do research work rather than work in the cafeteria? She believed that research could be another kind of learning.

60 Questions for discussion (Paras. 5-7) 3. Why do some students do research without caring for money or credit? Because they work as volunteers, pursuing a career that requires altruistic commitment.

61 Question for discussion (Para. 8) What’s the passage mainly about? The various benefits of doing undergraduate research.

62 Work in groups to answer the last question: why is the passage entitled “Not Just a Job, an Adventure: Undergraduate Research”? It can not only expand the students’ minds in ways traditional courses can’t, but also spur independent thinking and intellectual confidence in students. Students participate in undergraduate research not only for credit or for money, but, also for experience. It is a whole new and creative mode of learning, and it is very valuable. Reading Task 4 Understanding the title of the passage

63 Class Discussion of Difficult Language Points Read the passage again and see if there is any sentence or word that you still don’t understand.

64 Paraphrase Do you understand? Sophia Stella…is one of many undergraduates who…one way or another, in research performed at the university. Sophia Stella is one of many students who participated somehow in undergraduate research at Columbia’s School of Engineering.

65 Students and professors agree that an undergraduate research project can be uniquely beneficial to both parties. Paraphrase Students and professors both find undergraduate research helpful.

66 Paraphrase Ideally, undergraduate research is an opportunity for the kind of intensive study …traditional courses can’t. Undergraduate research allows students to think more deeply for themselves than traditional courses do.

67 Paraphrase When students see a discipline as evolving rather than fixed, they usually get a lot more excited about Students enjoy the process of seeing new knowledge being created. learning.

68 Paraphrase In some departments a research project constitute an honors thesis. A research project may meet a requirement in a special program for honors students, who must write an extra research paper to graduate “with honors”.

69 Usually, these are students pursuing a career that requires some altruistic commitment, such as medicine. Paraphrase These students have chosen careers which involve helping other people, such as being a doctor.

70 Consolidation in Class Ex. 8 Simulated Translation Read and compare in groups the English sentences in Ex. 8, paying attention to their italicized parts, and then translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

71 Reference 1. 公司新的分配体系能鼓励员工参加这种开拓智能 的培训,这是以前的政策无法做到的。 The new distribution mechanism of the company is an encouragement for this kind of training that can expand the mind of the employees in ways the previous policy couldn’t. Consolidation in Class Ex.8 Simulated Translation

72 Reference 2. 要提高成绩, 你必须认识到, 好成绩不是现成摆在 那儿等着你去被动地接受,而是需要你不懈地努 力去获取。 Consolidation in Class To improve your achievements, you have to get the feeling that better marks are not just out there for you to accept them passively, but rather that it needs your constant efforts to go after them. Ex.8 Simulated Translation

73 Reference 3. 每天有成千上万的人上网。有些是为了获取信息 有些是为了交流,有些纯粹是为了放松消遣。 Every day thousands of people get onto the internet. Some do it for information, some for communication, some just for relaxation. Consolidation in Class Ex.8 Simulated Translation

74 Reference 4. 老师不是要学生用他所示范的方法解题, 而是鼓励 甚至强迫他们寻找课堂上他没有用过的其他方法。 Instead of using the method he did show them to work out the problem, the teacher encouraged and even forced the students to look for methods he didn’t use in class. Consolidation in Class Ex.8 Simulated Translation

75 Reference 5. 如果你把这次任务看作是一项挑战,而不是一种 负担,你就会为即将面对的一切感到更为激动。 When you see the task as a challenge rather than a burden, you’ll get a lot more excited about the things you’re to be faced with. Consolidation in Class Ex.8 Simulated Translation

76 1. Group task Talk about the topic “The best way of learning in class or after class” using PPT, which is to be presented in the next class. 2. Individual tasks 2. Individual tasks Write a paragraph about the topic: How I learn … (English; sciences; to play the piano etc.) Do Exercises 2-7. Assignment


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