4Questionnaire (Questions+ Explanations ) 1.Are you worried about your sheds security? Explanation: To engage the conversation 2.Have you got any shed security devices already? Explanation: To see if there is a gap in the market and if they really need my product 3.Has your shed got any valuables in it? Explanation: So I know if they need it protected 4.Have you been robbed before? Explanation: To make sure it doesn't happen again 5.Has there been a robbery in your neighbourhood recently? Explanation: To see if there is a need in your area and to protect the customer beforehand 6.Do you have insurance on your belongings? Explanation: To see if they need this product because they don’t want it stolen 7.Is your shed far away from your house? Explanation: Because it would be less likely for them to know that they have been burgled. 8.Would you buy one that was easy to use? Explanation: To see if they can install it and if there is a need for it 9.How much would you pay? a.£1-£10 b.£10-£20 c.£20+ Explanation: To see how much I could/should market it for 10.Do you live in a isolated area? Explanation: To see if the product works in isolated areas.
5Questionnaire (Tally) QuestionsYESNO1.//////////2.//////////3.//////////188.8.131.52.8.9.a./// b.//// c.///10.This determines that I need:An easy to use setupEasily understandable instructionsThere is a gap in the marketIt needs to be loud so they can hear it from further away
6Manufacturing process used The cheaper the product, the less valuable the thing it is trying to protectProductCostTypical userWhen / Where used?FunctionTechnology used(Input / Output)Manufacturing process used4 PC PIECE DOOR WINDOW INTRUDER SECURITY ALARM£5.97The typical user would be somebody looking to protect they’re belongings by an alarm through there window.The function would be to deter a burglar from entering your house using an alarm.Input: 4 AA batteries.Output: loud sirenAssembly lineNight watcher NW300 Robotic Security Light with Wireless Alarm£79.98The typical user may be a home owner. This will be enabled at night or when away from home or on holiday.The function would be to shine a light which would effectively scare potential burglar's away.Input: Specifications Detection Method Passive Infrared Sensor Material CastOutput: Light Bulb (150 watts)Friedland Response SL1 Home and Away Wire free Burglar Alarm System£102.90The typical user may be a house or apartment/flat owner . This will be enabled at night or when you are on Holiday or away from home.The function would tell nearby people that your house is being burgled.Input: 2 (PIR) detectorsOutput: 1 solar siren with LED indicators
7Design briefI am going to design a product which detects when a person is intentionally breaking into a shed, then alerts the owner and those around the house if they are away.
8Creativity (slide 8) Product Analysis Analyse in detail 2 products related to your project (probably 2 different types of burglar alarms, one fairly simple and one a little more complex.)Use the table on the next slide to help you organise the information.A simple system for the hotel room on holiday.A more complex system for the home.
9Name and picture of product 1 Name and picture of product 2 Creativity (slide 9)Use 10 or 12 point text in this tableName and picture of product 1Name and picture of product 2FunctionUser need fulfilledMaterials used in constructionDurability of productSustainability (6Rs)Life cycleEnergy use
10In the next few slides I am suggesting and reviewing products which fall along similar lines as the product which I will hopefully create, from well known online retailers and DIY stores such as Amazon and Wickes.
11Response alarm(B&Q) £15.98Ideal for protecting your shed, garage or outbuildingfeaturesBrand: ResponseColour: WhiteLink To TV (Y/N): NoWarranty/guarantee: GuaranteeWarranty/guarantee details: 1 YearManufacture part no: ML1Category: Other CCTV & Alarmsadditional informationEasy to installKeypad operated with 20 second entry / exit delayPre-wired door contactTamper protectionRecording (Y/N): No
12Motion Sensor Alarm/ Home/ Garage (Amazon) £7.40 Technical Details This easy to install motion sensor alarm includes 2 remote control key-rings 5m range and wall mount. The main unit requires 4 x AA batteries (not supplied) or alternatively, a 6V adaptor can be used The remote units come supplied with 3 x AG13 button cell batteries This is an ideal burglar deterrent Product Description Remote Controlled Infra Red Alarm. This cordless, movement activated alarm will alert you to intruders on your property, in the garage, outbuildings, sheds etc. The built in motion sensor detects movement up to a 6m area and will sound a loud 110dB alarm to alert you and hopefully scare off the intruder. Easy to install (fixings and mounting bracket supplied) it requires no wiring, adjusts to any angle and is simple to use. The infra red remote control will arm and disarm the system. The main unit measures a compact 5ins x 3ins x 2ins and requires 4 x AA batteries (not supplied) and the remote control requires 1 x 12v (supplied).
13Friedland Mini Entry Alarm (Wickes) £9.99 Remote controlled alarm - sounds when any movement is detected in roomEasy to installMounts on wallMounting bracket and fixings supplied
14Design (slide 10) The Specification Summarise the information to produce a list of points that describe what your “product” will need to be like to solve the problem.Remember that you are only describing what the circuit will need to do to solve the problem.This list of points is the “specification”Function:What it needs to sense – inputsWhat it needs to do when whatever is sensed – outputInclude any timings if appropriate – delays etc.Include indicators etc.Power supply.Safety features.Manufacture / construction.This could best be done as a table for top marks:Specification FeatureReason for need for FeatureEvidence from research for needNeeds to be powered by a 9 volt battery.So that it can be portable and safe to use.All the products I’ve seen are portableMy survey showed batteries are preferred.
15SpecificationThe purpose of my product is to detect when a person touches the handle of a shed, then proceeds to open the door with the intention to steal from it. This triggers the products alarm that effectively scares the burglar away. More than less people on my questionnaire would prefer this.The proposed product should detect when someone has their hand on the doors handle. This is so it prevents the burglar taking valuables from the owners shed. The proposed product should sense the person touching the door handle. This is so it notices the person trying to steal quickly and effectively.The products output should be some sort of siren. The reason for this is so that people know the shed is being burgled.The power supply for the product will be an AA 9v battery. This is because this is the safest thing to run it with.The circuit will be run on a 9v voltage. This is because this is the only way we have on the premises. The product will have an on/off switch. The reason why it has an on/off switch is because when someone tries to open their own shed, the do not want the alarm to sound.The product will not have an indicator, it will have instructions as to when it is alive. The product will be designed on circuit wizard. This is because it is an efficient way of testing how a circuit will work.The circuit will be manufactured using CAD soldering and also PCB, as these are the only available ways of manufacturing it. The way that we are going to ensure if it works is we will test it on circuit wizard, then make a sample on a PCB and solder it, then test it in a scenario to see if it works. I am taking such precautions because we need to get the circuit done first time around without fail or faults in it.
16System diagram Input Process Output Delay Before Input(s) input1 combineinput2Delay afterinputoutputSound etc.NoneHeatORmoisturenonethyristorLED5darkReedswitchMonostableBuzzer10lightANDTransistorMotor15PTMNORMOSFETDual LED20NANDAstableSiren
17Similar circuits 1 heat sensor Circuit 15 - Heat Sensor (Transistor). As temperature increases, the LED will light at a certain degree of heat, which can be set by adjustment of variable resistor.
18Similar circuits 2 Intruder Alarm Circuit 78 - Intruder alarm. In the event of either of the two sensors being activated, i.e. if a window or door is opened, the buzzer will sound and continue to do so until switched off by owner of the house.
23Planning for testing Step Expected outcome Reaction Result Actual outcomeResultTurn it onRed LED should come onRed LED comes on to show the user that it works and is on.Red LED comes onWait until temperature rises past body heatIf door opens also, alarm should be set offAlarm goes off to tell the user they are being burgled until being turned offAlarm set offDoor opening detectedAlarm should be set off
24PCB stage 1This is what circuit wizard originally made my PCB into, just with the copper board removed. It does exactly what it is supposed to do which is: The switch is supposed to represent a burglar gripping a doorknob creating a rise in temperature. The red LED should stay on until the temperature is increased past 31 then the buzzer should sound. I have set the temperature there because it is close enough to body temperature to be set off.
25PCB stage 2This is a slightly modified version of the first one ,as you can see the wires are straighter which will make the etching easier for the service.
26PCB stage 3This is the final version of the PCB which I am creating, I have made the circuit smaller so I can use less copper making the wire in my circuit. All the components are placed safely in a position in which I know will work. I have also changed the MOSFET to a thyristor and added a reset switch so that it can be switched off safely without having to disable the circuit. I have removed the terminals because they will not actually be there when the circuit is made.
27Planning for testing (final built product) StepExpected outcomeReactionActual outcomeResultTurn it onRed LED should come onRed LED comes on to show the user that it works and is on.Wait until temperature rises past body heatIf door opens also, alarm should be set offAlarm goes off to tell the user they are being burgled until being turned offDoor opening detectedAlarm should be set off
28Planning the manufacture process Process descriptionEquipment requiredSafety issuesTips for successDesign PCB and maskCircuit Wizard programNoneCut board to sideBand sawThe saw’s blade is sharp so you could cut yourselfMake sure it is placed correctlyExpose mask and PhotoPCB to UV lightUV light, Photo PCB, Mask of my circuitDon’t look directly into UV light.Expose it to air for 10 minutes afterwardDevelop exposed PCBDevelopment fluidMake sure it doesn’t splash on to you as it could be harmful.Wear the safety equipmentEtch PCBBubble etch tank, EtchantThe etchant is corrosiveMake sure you do not burn the circuitDrill holesDrillThe drill moves fast so be careful it doesn’t scratch you.Make sure the drill bit is where you want to drillSolder chip socketSoldering equipment, Chip socketSoldering iron tip is hot so do not touch itMake sure pins are all in correctlySolder resistorsSoldering equipmentSolder capacitorsSolder MOSFETSolder off board componentsSoldering equipment, wiresShrink wrap connection between off board components and wiresHeat gun, heat shrink tubingThe heat gun is hotSolder the tubing for a few secondsAdd chip to socketchipMake sure you don’t put it in the wrong way
31Making the circuitIn this picture there is my circuit board with some of the components placed in their respective positions. There are 2 variable resistors, 2 resistors and a thyristor. The off-board components currently on there is the LED at the bottom and the switch at the top. I had to make sure that I put the black and red wires in the right way because they represent positive and negative.In this picture there is my circuit board with no components on, just after being etched. Some off the holes have been drilled bigger so that my components can fit in more comfortably.1.2.
32Making the circuit 21.2.3.This is my LED just before it has had the shrink wraps placed on to it. I have soldered the wire to the LED and made sure I put positive and negative on the right legs.This is a wire after it has been twisted and tinned so that it can be attached to the switch.This is my switch after it has been shrink wrapped, it doesn’t matter which peg you put the wire into on the switch as long as you put one on the middle peg.
33Making the circuit 3In this picture I am shrink wrapping a switch using a heat gun. You have to be very careful whist doing so because if you are not, you could get burnt.In these pictures there is my circuit almost done with the components soldered in well1.2.
34Making the circuit1.2.This my soldering of the components and the battery wire has been wrapped around the end so that it is attached properly.This is the soldering of my chip. You can see that most of the sockets have been soldered well and that one has been joined, but it is okay because there is a copper wire running through the joined sockets.
35Evaluation (slide 19) Testing your circuit Show a step by step plan that can be used to test your finished circuit. Write it as if it were for a person who does not know how it is supposed to work.Tick of each step to show that the circuit works.Provide a video showing it working so that it is clear that it solves the problem. Use Blueberry Flashback Recorder).EvaluationDescribe what went well and what did not go so well in the manufacture of your circuitConsider the development of the circuit and the development of the PCBConsider the actual building of the circuitCould it have been made differently? – alternatives?Could it have been made better? – how?Compare what you did to the steps of your planSee table on next slide as a suggestion.
36Evaluation (slide 20) Evaluation (continued) Description of Process What went wellProblems encountered/changes madeAction taken to deal with problemDesign PCB and create maskCut board to sizeExpose Mask and photoPCB to UVDevelop exposed PCBEtch PCBDrill holes in solder padsAdd resistorsAdd capacitorsAdd transistors/thyristorsAdd Chip socketAdd off board componentsAdd chip to socketCopy the planning table and edit as required.Comments only need to be brief.
37Evaluation (slide 21) Improvements In addition to describing how the circuit could have been manufactured better;Describe how the circuit could be improved to function better to solve the problem more effectively.Different inputsMore inputsDifferent control of the outputsDifferent outputs