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Public Chapter 989 §49-1-221 Internet Use in Public and Private Schools in Tennessee.

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Presentation on theme: "Public Chapter 989 §49-1-221 Internet Use in Public and Private Schools in Tennessee."— Presentation transcript:

1 Public Chapter 989 § Internet Use in Public and Private Schools in Tennessee

2 What does the law say? § (a)(1) Every two (2) years, each director of schools shall file with the Commissioner of Education an acceptable use policy, approved by the local school board, for the international network of computer systems commonly known as the Internet First AUP filing date deadline was October 31, 2008 Final Implementation Date September 30, 2009

3 Provisions in the Policy Provisions are designed to: Provisions are designed to: Prohibit inappropriate use by district employees and students of the district’s computers via the Internet; Prohibit inappropriate use by district employees and students of the district’s computers via the Internet; Prevent access to material that the district deems to be harmful to kids; Prevent access to material that the district deems to be harmful to kids; Select a technology to filter or block Internet access to child pornography and obscenity; Select a technology to filter or block Internet access to child pornography and obscenity; Establish appropriate measures to be taken against persons who violate the policy; Establish appropriate measures to be taken against persons who violate the policy; Include a component on Internet safety for students that is integrated into the district’s instructional program; Include a component on Internet safety for students that is integrated into the district’s instructional program; Encourage that communications with parents which raise awareness about Internet safety are made using existing avenues of communication, i.e. parent-teacher conferences. Encourage that communications with parents which raise awareness about Internet safety are made using existing avenues of communication, i.e. parent-teacher conferences.

4 Inclusion of other terms or conditions…….. The policy may include other terms, conditions, and requirements as deemed appropriate, such as…. The policy may include other terms, conditions, and requirements as deemed appropriate, such as…. Requiring written parental authorization for Internet use by juveniles, or Requiring written parental authorization for Internet use by juveniles, or Differentiating acceptable uses among elementary, middle and high school students. Differentiating acceptable uses among elementary, middle and high school students.

5 Guidelines Even though Internet Safety programs from district to district may be similar, each district should formulate their own programs according to specific needs and resources of that district. The program should be inclusive of but not limited to the following: Even though Internet Safety programs from district to district may be similar, each district should formulate their own programs according to specific needs and resources of that district. The program should be inclusive of but not limited to the following: Development and implementation of a process for reviewing, evaluating, and revising the Internet Safety program biennially Development and implementation of a process for reviewing, evaluating, and revising the Internet Safety program biennially A method by which inappropriate use by school district employees and students of the school district is prohibited A method by which inappropriate use by school district employees and students of the school district is prohibited Develop and implement a data and network security plan Develop and implement a data and network security plan Develop and implement procedures to address breaches of Internet security and protect students’ safety Develop and implement procedures to address breaches of Internet security and protect students’ safety Establish appropriate measures to be taken against persons who violate the policy Establish appropriate measures to be taken against persons who violate the policy Integration of Internet safety in the k-12 curriculum and instruction Integration of Internet safety in the k-12 curriculum and instruction Outreach programs to parents, grandparents, caregivers, and community stakeholders Outreach programs to parents, grandparents, caregivers, and community stakeholders Professional development opportunities for teachers and staff across the district Professional development opportunities for teachers and staff across the district Safety, security, and ethics measures, including any that already exist Safety, security, and ethics measures, including any that already exist

6 The Director’s Responsibilities Every two years, you will file with the Commissioner of Education an acceptable use policy, approved by the local school board The director of schools shall take such steps as appropriate to implement and enforce the school district’s policy. The director of schools shall take such steps as appropriate to implement and enforce the school district’s policy.

7 The Department’s Responsibilities Report to the Chairmen of the Education Committees of the Senate and the House on or before December 1, 2008 a summary of acceptable use policies filed with the commissioner pursuant to this section of the law and the status thereof. Report to the Chairmen of the Education Committees of the Senate and the House on or before December 1, 2008 a summary of acceptable use policies filed with the commissioner pursuant to this section of the law and the status thereof. Issue guidelines to school districts regarding instructional programs related to Internet safety Issue guidelines to school districts regarding instructional programs related to Internet safety Encourage cooperation between school districts and local law enforcement agencies Encourage cooperation between school districts and local law enforcement agencies

8 The Attorney General’s Role with the DoE Is to assist districts in developing their own methods for teaching Internet safety to elementary and secondary students, as well as the parents, which are within the guidelines established by the DoE. Is to assist districts in developing their own methods for teaching Internet safety to elementary and secondary students, as well as the parents, which are within the guidelines established by the DoE. And to establish best practices for teaching Internet safety and make those best practices and other resources, including sample curricula on Internet safety, available to public and private schools across Tennessee. And to establish best practices for teaching Internet safety and make those best practices and other resources, including sample curricula on Internet safety, available to public and private schools across Tennessee.

9 Public Chapter No rentga/Chapter/PC0989.pdf rentga/Chapter/PC0989.pdf rentga/Chapter/PC0989.pdf rentga/Chapter/PC0989.pdf

10 Current Legislation *SB 0283 by *Black ( HB 0451 by *Dunn) *SB 0283 by *Black ( HB 0451 by *Dunn) *SB 0283*Black HB 0451 *Dunn *SB 0283*Black HB 0451 *Dunn Requires (rather than recommends) school districts to include certain criteria in policies preventing harassment, intimidation or bullying. Amends TCA Section Requires (rather than recommends) school districts to include certain criteria in policies preventing harassment, intimidation or bullying. Amends TCA Section

11 Cyberbullying Is that a word? Is that a word? What does it mean? What does it mean? Who’s affected by it? Who’s affected by it? How do they do it? How do they do it?

12 Definition According to Hinduja and Patchin, p. 17 (2009), it is the “willful and repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices.” According to Hinduja and Patchin, p. 17 (2009), it is the “willful and repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices.” One instance of mistreatment cannot be construed as bullying…as it has to involve harmful behavior that is repetitive. One instance of mistreatment cannot be construed as bullying…as it has to involve harmful behavior that is repetitive. It’s actually harassment taken to the next level. It’s actually harassment taken to the next level.

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24 Where/How does it happen? Cell Phones Cell Phones (s) (s) Social Networks Social Networks Chat Rooms/Instant Messaging Chat Rooms/Instant Messaging

25 Cell Phones Texting Texting Now, some cell phones receive too…as well as updates from social networking sites. Now, some cell phones receive too…as well as updates from social networking sites. Photos/videos Photos/videos

26 s Fake accounts Fake accounts Send to multiple people Send to multiple people Can have photo or video attachments or embedded Can have photo or video attachments or embedded

27 Social Networks MySpace.com MySpace.com Facebook.com Facebook.com Xanga.com Xanga.com Flickr Flickr Twitter Twitter There are 100s if not 1000s of these types of “gathering places.” However, these are currently rated as the most popular in the United States and at this age level. There are 100s if not 1000s of these types of “gathering places.” However, these are currently rated as the most popular in the United States and at this age level.

28 Instant Messaging and Chat Rooms Yahoo Messenger Yahoo Messenger Google talk Google talk AOL – AIM America’s Online Instant Messenger AOL – AIM America’s Online Instant Messenger MSN MSN

29 Anonymity or Fake Any one of the methods above can be utilized by virtually anyone and without the truth of identity being known. Any one of the methods above can be utilized by virtually anyone and without the truth of identity being known. By blocking numbers, txts can be sent so that they appear to be anonymous By blocking numbers, txts can be sent so that they appear to be anonymous Accounts with fake information and pictures can be used for anonymity or to impersonate another person. Accounts with fake information and pictures can be used for anonymity or to impersonate another person.

30 Some things to be aware of….. Txt Acronyms Txt Acronyms Ttyl = Talk to you later Ttyl = Talk to you later Brb = Be right back Brb = Be right back Pir = Parent(s) in room Pir = Parent(s) in room Pos = Parent(s) over shoulder Pos = Parent(s) over shoulder P911 = My parents are coming in the room PA = Parent Alert PAL = Parents Are Listening PAN or PANB = Parents Are Nearby IRL = In Real Life IRL = In Real Life

31 Emoticons Symbolic language to show emotion Symbolic language to show emotion :) or :-) = Smiling :( or :-( = Frowning (<> or <>) = Alienated :II or :-II = Angry or = Angry or screaming >:-( = Angry or annoyed

32 Sexting or SexCasting Sexting: The act of poor judgment when using digital technology by sending an image, video or text message of an explicit (adult) or risque nature to another individual. Sexting: The act of poor judgment when using digital technology by sending an image, video or text message of an explicit (adult) or risque nature to another individual. SextCasting Summarized: SextCasting: A SextCastTM or SextCastingTM is the process by which an individual(s) performs actions of a risqué or sexually explicit nature via a (live) webcam (or webcast), digital (image or video) camera, or other form of digital technology and sends and/or saves the content of their actions using digital technologies (i.e. a computer, camera card, , social website, message board, etc). Main Entry: SextCasting Function: noun Etymology: 21st century via The Institute for Responsible Online and Cell- Phone Communication Reference: Urban Dictionary SextCasting Summarized: SextCasting: A SextCastTM or SextCastingTM is the process by which an individual(s) performs actions of a risqué or sexually explicit nature via a (live) webcam (or webcast), digital (image or video) camera, or other form of digital technology and sends and/or saves the content of their actions using digital technologies (i.e. a computer, camera card, , social website, message board, etc). Main Entry: SextCasting Function: noun Etymology: 21st century via The Institute for Responsible Online and Cell- Phone Communication Reference: Urban DictionaryUrban DictionaryUrban Dictionary

33 A quote from the Institute’s Executive Director……. Richard Guerry, the visionary behind the concept of "Responsibility 2.1C", and co-founder of The Institute for Responsible Online and Cell-Phone Communication recently stated that "We as a nation need to provide direct proactive communication of Digital Responsibility (Responsibility 2.1C) to a new generation. We cannot be reactionary treating today's digital issues, and we cannot resolve them with 20th century threats, reprimand and curriculum." He went on to say, "The real problem is our youth has grown up learning what we call responsibility 1.0 or offline responsibility. They do not understand the scope of the repercussions when they invoke poor (digital) judgment because they have not been proactively taught digital responsibility or what we call, Responsibility 2.1C. We cannot apply 20th century solutions to 21st century issues.“ Richard Guerry, the visionary behind the concept of "Responsibility 2.1C", and co-founder of The Institute for Responsible Online and Cell-Phone Communication recently stated that "We as a nation need to provide direct proactive communication of Digital Responsibility (Responsibility 2.1C) to a new generation. We cannot be reactionary treating today's digital issues, and we cannot resolve them with 20th century threats, reprimand and curriculum." He went on to say, "The real problem is our youth has grown up learning what we call responsibility 1.0 or offline responsibility. They do not understand the scope of the repercussions when they invoke poor (digital) judgment because they have not been proactively taught digital responsibility or what we call, Responsibility 2.1C. We cannot apply 20th century solutions to 21st century issues.“ The Institute for Responsible Online and Cell Phone Communication Speakers Bureau 200 Walt Whitman Ave. P.O. Box 1131 Mount Laurel NJ, The Institute for Responsible Online and Cell Phone Communication Speakers Bureau 200 Walt Whitman Ave. P.O. Box 1131 Mount Laurel NJ,

34 Resources to peruse….. Resources to peruse….. or or

35 Help Tips for Reporting Offensive Profiles To Social Networking Sites Compiled by Patti Agatston, Ph.D. Prevention/Intervention Center Updated 1/29/09 MySpace: 1. MySpace provides a link in their help center to report offensive profiles. You can also enter this url to get to the help page that has a link to report harassment or threats: 2. Educators can report an “imposter profile” that targets them on MySpace. This is also under the help center and frequently asked questions. The link for educators to report fake profiles targeting faculty members is: 3. Parents can request that their child’s profile be removed. The link to make that request is on the parent safety tips page. Here is the url: 4. Anyone can report inappropriate content. This information is also on the help page. The link is: 27

36 Facebook: 1. Abuse can be reported by ing Facebook directly at There is also a link provided under the security page of Facebook. The security page link is: Scroll down to the security section and click on the link to report abuse. 2. If someone is harassing/libeling you, Facebook gives the following recommendations: “We suggest that you block the person by listing his or her name in the "Blocking People" box at the bottom of the My Privacy page. If this does not resolve the problem, please write an to from your login address. We will need to know your name, login address, and school. Also, please provide the name and school of the person who is harassing you along with a description of the situation.” 3. Use the to report any other information that you think should not be posted.

37 Xanga: 1. Schools and parents can contact Xanga for help at the following url: 2. Xanga also provides a link to wiredsafety’s cyber abuse hotline for severe cases of cyber bullying or other abuses such as cyberstalking, identity theft and child exploitation. The link to wired safety’s cyberabuse hotline is:

38 Youtube: The guidelines for uploading appropriate videos are posted on Youtube’s community guidelines. Here is the link: Anyone can flag a video as inappropriate. If Youtube reviews the video and finds it to be inappropriate, the video is shut down. If they decide to terminate the user’s account the user is prohibited from ever having another account on Youtube. Contact Us - YouTube Help - ?contact_type=abuse Youtube now has a help center that will assist you in abuse and safety issues. Click the above link for assistance in addressing issues of cyber citizenship, hate speech, cyberbullying, etc.

39 Other Resources Videos Cyberbullying Summarized - Dr. Patchin's video for Sony Creative Software, detailing the basics of online aggression among youth (5:30 in length). Cyberbullying Summarized - Dr. Patchin's video for Sony Creative Software, detailing the basics of online aggression among youth (5:30 in length). Cyberbullying Summarized Cyberbullying Summarized

40 Fact Sheets Cyberbullying Fact Sheet - introduces and details the nature and extent of cyberbullying, the contributive nuances of Internet communication, and provides general advice to respond to the problem Cyberbullying Fact Sheet - introduces and details the nature and extent of cyberbullying, the contributive nuances of Internet communication, and provides general advice to respond to the problem Cyberbullying Fact Sheet Cyberbullying Fact Sheet Emotional and Psychological Consequences Fact Sheet - specifies how adolescents are negatively affected by cyberbullying by highlighting how online aggression leads to adolescent strain and stress, which then can create developmental and functional concerns Emotional and Psychological Consequences Fact Sheet - specifies how adolescents are negatively affected by cyberbullying by highlighting how online aggression leads to adolescent strain and stress, which then can create developmental and functional concerns Emotional and Psychological Consequences Fact Sheet Emotional and Psychological Consequences Fact Sheet Victimization of Adolescent Girls Fact Sheet - highlights the specific cyberbullying experiences of female teenagers through the content analysis of detailed responses received from victims Victimization of Adolescent Girls Fact Sheet - highlights the specific cyberbullying experiences of female teenagers through the content analysis of detailed responses received from victims Victimization of Adolescent Girls Fact Sheet Victimization of Adolescent Girls Fact Sheet Cyberbullying Victim and Offender Warning Signs - a list of red flags that might indicate the presence of cyberbullying in the life of a child or adolescent Cyberbullying Victim and Offender Warning Signs - a list of red flags that might indicate the presence of cyberbullying in the life of a child or adolescent Cyberbullying Victim and Offender Warning Signs Cyberbullying Victim and Offender Warning Signs Cyberbullying Legal and Policy Issues Fact Sheet - providing a summary of important court cases and pending legislation that can help school districts evaluate and improve their current cyberbullying policies Cyberbullying Legal and Policy Issues Fact Sheet - providing a summary of important court cases and pending legislation that can help school districts evaluate and improve their current cyberbullying policies Cyberbullying Legal and Policy Issues Fact Sheet Cyberbullying Legal and Policy Issues Fact Sheet Safe and Responsible Use of Social Networking Sites Fact Sheet - a guide encouraging and enabling youth to think about certain important issues when posting content on social networking sites Safe and Responsible Use of Social Networking Sites Fact Sheet - a guide encouraging and enabling youth to think about certain important issues when posting content on social networking sites Safe and Responsible Use of Social Networking Sites Fact Sheet Safe and Responsible Use of Social Networking Sites Fact Sheet MySpace: Personal Information of Adolescents on the Internet - summarizes our MySpace research concerning the extent to which adolescents post personal information on their profile pages MySpace: Personal Information of Adolescents on the Internet - summarizes our MySpace research concerning the extent to which adolescents post personal information on their profile pages MySpace: Personal Information of Adolescents on the Internet MySpace: Personal Information of Adolescents on the Internet Cyberbullying Scripts - provides parent/teenager "scripts" to promote dialogue and discussion about cyberbullying Cyberbullying Scripts - provides parent/teenager "scripts" to promote dialogue and discussion about cyberbullying Cyberbullying Scripts Cyberbullying Scripts

41 Activities Cyberbullying Word Find - a word search to be distributed to kids and adolescents to promote discussion about cyberbullying Cyberbullying Word Find - a word search to be distributed to kids and adolescents to promote discussion about cyberbullying Cyberbullying Word Find Cyberbullying Word Find Cyberbullying Crossword Puzzle - a crossword puzzle to be distributed to kids and adolescents to promote discussion about cyberbullying Cyberbullying Crossword Puzzle - a crossword puzzle to be distributed to kids and adolescents to promote discussion about cyberbullying Cyberbullying Crossword Puzzle Cyberbullying Crossword Puzzle Cyberbullying Word Scramble - unscramble the words to uncover cyberbullying ‐ related concepts and web sites! Cyberbullying Word Scramble - unscramble the words to uncover cyberbullying ‐ related concepts and web sites! Cyberbullying Word Scramble Cyberbullying Word Scramble Cyberbullying Scenarios - engage youth in a discussion about cyberbullying by reading them these scenarios and asking them how they would handle each situation Cyberbullying Scenarios - engage youth in a discussion about cyberbullying by reading them these scenarios and asking them how they would handle each situation Cyberbullying Scenarios Cyberbullying Scenarios

42 Reference Materials Common Chat Abbreviations - defines and explains the multiple textual devices and shortcuts during computer-mediated communication such as instant messaging and chatting Common Chat Abbreviations - defines and explains the multiple textual devices and shortcuts during computer-mediated communication such as instant messaging and chatting Common Chat Abbreviations Common Chat Abbreviations How to Preserve Cyberbullying Evidence Through Screenshots - provides instructions on how to create an image of the contents of your computer desktop so that evidence of Internet harassment can be saved and used to support a case How to Preserve Cyberbullying Evidence Through Screenshots - provides instructions on how to create an image of the contents of your computer desktop so that evidence of Internet harassment can be saved and used to support a case How to Preserve Cyberbullying Evidence Through Screenshots How to Preserve Cyberbullying Evidence Through Screenshots Viewing Cyberbullying Headers in Various Programs - specifies how individuals who receive malicious s can view the header information to discern the Internet Service Provider to contact and alert of the situation Viewing Cyberbullying Headers in Various Programs - specifies how individuals who receive malicious s can view the header information to discern the Internet Service Provider to contact and alert of the situation Viewing Cyberbullying Headers in Various Programs Viewing Cyberbullying Headers in Various Programs

43 Other Materials Cyberbullying Report Card - determine how well your school is currently dealing with cyberbullying issues Cyberbullying Report Card - determine how well your school is currently dealing with cyberbullying issues Cyberbullying Report Card Cyberbullying Report Card Internet Use Contract for Parents and Children/Teenagers - a formal agreement to be signed by both parties to help facilitate an open line of communication regarding Internet-related use Internet Use Contract for Parents and Children/Teenagers - a formal agreement to be signed by both parties to help facilitate an open line of communication regarding Internet-related use Internet Use Contract for Parents and Children/Teenagers Internet Use Contract for Parents and Children/Teenagers Cell Phone Use Contract for Parents and Children/Teenagers - se this to lay the groundwork for safe and responsible cell phone usage Cell Phone Use Contract for Parents and Children/Teenagers - se this to lay the groundwork for safe and responsible cell phone usage Cell Phone Use Contract for Parents and Children/Teenagers Cell Phone Use Contract for Parents and Children/Teenagers Cyberbullying Incident Tracking Form - to track individual incidents of cyberbullying that occur at your school Cyberbullying Incident Tracking Form - to track individual incidents of cyberbullying that occur at your school Cyberbullying Incident Tracking Form Cyberbullying Incident Tracking Form Cyberbullying Trustee Designation - signage to let students know that you take cyberbullying seriously and can help them if they need it Cyberbullying Trustee Designation - signage to let students know that you take cyberbullying seriously and can help them if they need itCyberbullying Trustee DesignationCyberbullying Trustee Designation Bibliography - a list of the scholarly literature (of which we are aware) that examines issues relating to cyberbullying and electronic peer victimization Bibliography - a list of the scholarly literature (of which we are aware) that examines issues relating to cyberbullying and electronic peer victimization Bibliography Network Query Tool - can be used to identify the Internet Service Provider associated with the Internet Protocol (IP) address of a cyberbully Network Query Tool - can be used to identify the Internet Service Provider associated with the Internet Protocol (IP) address of a cyberbully Network Query Tool Network Query Tool

44 Policy So….what makes a good policy for cyberbullying? So….what makes a good policy for cyberbullying? One that clearly defines cyberbullying, intimidation, and harassment One that clearly defines cyberbullying, intimidation, and harassment Graduated consequences and remedial actions Graduated consequences and remedial actions Procedures for reporting Procedures for reporting Procedures for investigating Procedures for investigating Language specifying that if a student’s off campus speech or behavior results in “substantial disruption of the learning environment,” the student can be disciplined. Language specifying that if a student’s off campus speech or behavior results in “substantial disruption of the learning environment,” the student can be disciplined. Procedures for preventing bullying Procedures for preventing bullying Use simple language that students and non-technical folks can understand Use simple language that students and non-technical folks can understand Have your legal representation look to make sure you haven’t done something incorrectly or left something out. Have your legal representation look to make sure you haven’t done something incorrectly or left something out. Cross your fingers…. Cross your fingers….

45 Contact Info Dr. Barbara Denson Coordinator of Instructional Technology Andrew Johnson Tower – 5 th Floor 710 James Robertson Pkwy. Nashville, TN (o) (c)

46 IBgr8t! TTYL!


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