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Safety Recommendations for Physical Exertion and Outdoor Activities during Air Pollution PE Section, Education Bureau 5 October 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Safety Recommendations for Physical Exertion and Outdoor Activities during Air Pollution PE Section, Education Bureau 5 October 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Safety Recommendations for Physical Exertion and Outdoor Activities during Air Pollution PE Section, Education Bureau 5 October 2010

2 Content  EDB Circular No.9/2010 (Revised)  Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)  Dos & Don'ts for Arranging School Activities  An overview of safety recommendations

3 Guiding Principles  Physical development is an essential learning experience for facilitating lifelong learning and whole-person development of students During pre-primary stage, physical play helps young children build up physical fitness and good habits for healthy growth During Key Stage 1-4, PE curriculum instills in students desirable attitude towards physical activities, habitual participation in sports, and an active and healthy lifestyle  Safe and effective PE lessons can be achieved by detailed planning, careful arrangement and thorough preparation  We should treat our students in a manner comparable with that of reasonable and prudent parents taking care of their children

4 Original Recommendations ( EDBC003/1998 )  If the API or forecast is within the range of 101 and 200: to arrange for susceptible students (i.e. students with heart or respiratory illnesses) to reduce physical exertion and outdoor activities these susceptible students should be advised to refrain from participating in activities such as physical education lessons and sporting events in sports day / swimming gala to be held in the affected zone

5 New Recommendations ( EDBC009/2010 )  If the API or its forecast reaches : schools should arrange for all students to reduce physical exertion and outdoor activities While schools may arrange for physical activities such as physical education (PE) lessons, games days, athletics meets, swimming galas and outdoor activities for their students, they should moderate the intensity and/or duration of such activities When students have symptoms associated with air pollution (e.g. eye irritation, coughing, chest tightness, etc), they should stop physical activities and preferably stay indoors. They should also seek medical advice from registered doctors, if necessary Students with heart or respiratory illnesses should not participate in the abovementioned activities, and should reduce the duration of their exposure to outdoor environment

6 Original Recommendations ( EDBC003/1998 )  When API or forecast is within the range of 201 and 500: to arrange for all students to reduce physical exertion and outdoor activities Activities such as physical education lessons and sports day / swimming gala to be held in the affected zone should be suspended, cancelled or postponed

7 New Recommendations ( EDBC009/2010 )  If the API or its forecast exceeds 200: schools should arrange for all students to avoid physical exertion and outdoor activities Schools should suspend, cancel or postpone physical activities such as PE lessons (skill practice), games days, athletics meets, swimming galas and outdoor activities. Schools may however arrange for theoretical learning of PE during PE lessons

8 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)  Application of the EDBC009/2010  Access to API information  General / Roadside API  Students with heart or respiratory illnesses  Arrangements for Student Activities under API between 101 and 200  Arrangements for API exceeding 200  Outdoor Activities  Use of LCSD and HD Sports Facilities  Others Source :

9 FAQ ( No. 9 )  Should PE lessons be arranged when API reaches 101 – 200? Yes, provided that the PE teachers moderate the intensity and/or duration of PE lessons. For example, they may arrange for physical activities of moderate to light activity levels, introduce more rest breaks / time, reduce the duration of activities, etc. Schools should encourage students to adopt nasal breathing and to drink adequate water before, during and after exercise. When students have symptoms associated with air pollution (e.g. eye irritation, coughing, chest tightness, etc), they should stop participating in physical activities and preferably stay indoors; they should also seek medical advice from registered doctors, if necessary. Students with heart or respiratory illnesses should not participate in practical sessions of PE lessons and should reduce their exposure to outdoor environment when API exceeds 100.

10 FAQ ( No. 10 )  Should games day, athletics meets, swimming galas, cross country or road running race, etc be arranged when API reaches 101 – 200? Children should reduce physical exertion and outdoor activities when API reaches 101 – 200. Schools should moderate the intensity and/or duration of such activities.  For example, they may cancel long-distance events in athletics meets (1,500m or above) / swimming galas (200m or above), and reduce the number of heats leading to finals.  When students have symptoms associated with air pollution (e.g. eye irritation, coughing, chest tightness, etc), they should stop participating in physical activities and preferably stay indoors; they should also seek medical advice from registered doctors, if necessary. Schools may also suspend, cancel or postpone cross-country, road- running race, etc. Students with heart or respiratory illnesses should not participate in such activities when API exceeds 100; they may reduce the duration of their exposure to outdoor environment.

11 FAQ ( No. 11 )  Should schools organise ball games competitions when API reaches 101 – 200? Yes, provided that the schools moderate the intensity and/or duration of such activities. For example, they may reduce the duration of the competitions, introduce more rest breaks / time, cancel extra-time after draws, etc. Schools may also encourage students to drink adequate water before, during and after exercise. When students have symptoms associated with air pollution (e.g. eye irritation, coughing, chest tightness, etc), they should stop participating in physical activities and preferably stay indoors; they should also seek medical advice from registered doctors, if necessary. Students with heart or respiratory illnesses should not participate in ball games competitions when API exceeds 100.

12 FAQ ( No. 12 )  Should physical activities such as PE lessons (skills practice), games days, athletics meets, swimming galas, ball games competitions, etc be arranged when API exceeds 200? ﹖ No. Schools are advised to suspend, cancel or postpone such activities when API exceeds 200 Schools may arrange for theoretical learning of PE during PE lessons for their students

13 Theoretical learning of PE - Examples  ETV (Education Bureau)  Physical Education Website (HK EdCity)  ( Department of Health )  Learning activities through school libraries  Physical fitness evaluation and analysis  First aid skills and knowledge  Issues in PE – discussion, debate, role- play… Should HK bid to host the 2023 Asian Games?  …

14 Dos & Don'ts for Arranging School Activities Air Pollution Level API Health Advice to Children Recommendations to Schools General API Roadside API Very High Children are advised to reduce physical exertion and outdoor activities. Children are advised to avoid prolonged stay in areas with heavy traffic and reduce physical exertion in such areas as far as possible.  PE lessons  Games days  Athletics meets  Swimming galas  Ball games competitions  Outdoor Education Camps  Outdoor activities  School picnics  Visits (indoor and outdoor)  Flag selling activities  Cross-country  Road-running race Source :

15 Dos & Don'ts for Arranging School Activities Air Pollution Level API Health Advice to Children Recommendations to Schools General API Roadside API Very High Children are advised to avoid physical exertion and outdoor activities. Children are advised to avoid staying in areas with heavy traffic.  Theoretical learning of PE  Visits (indoor)  PE lessons (skill practice)  Games days  Athletics meets  Swimming galas  Ball games competitions  Cross-country  Road-running race  Outdoor Education Camps  Outdoor activities  School picnics  Visits (outdoor)  Flag selling activities

16 Activity arrangements under different weather conditions Swimming Galas, Athletics Meets, Swimming Classes … Outdoor Activities (usually conducted in natural environment and are exploratory, challenging and physically demanding in nature) Tropical Cyclone Stand-by Signal No.1 : Continue, but be aware of weather conditions Strong Wind Signal No.3 or above : Cancel / postpone Stand-by Signal No.1 : Cancel / postpone Rainstorm Amber Amber Rainstorm Warning : Continue, but be aware of weather conditions RedBlack Red / Black Rainstorm Warning : Cancel / postpone Thunderstorm Thunderstorm (Regional) : Cancel / postpone ( For outdoor facilities only) Air Pollution Index (API) API = : All students reduce physical exertion and outdoor activities API = 201 or above : All students avoid physical exertion and outdoor activities

17 An overview of safety recommendations Get latest API information API below 100 Maintain physical exertion & outdoor activities allocate adequate curriculum time to PE maintain regular exercise increase intensity & duration of physical activities API between Reduce physical exertion & outdoor activities moderate intensity/duration of physical exertion & outdoor activities monitor latest API information monitor students ’ conditions API exceeds 200 Avoid physical exertion & outdoor activities Suspend, cancel or postpone physical exertion & outdoor activities Arrange for theoretical learning of PE/visits (indoor)

18 Other EDB reference materials  Safety Precautions in PE for HK Schools (1999) ( under review ) Safety Precautions in School Games Day ( EDBC004/2001 ) Safety Precautions in School Swimming Galas, Lessons and Training ( EDBC001/2000B ) Safety Precautions in School Athletic Meets, Lessons and Training ( EDBC004/2000B )  Curriculum documents for PE Key Learning Area (KLA) PE KLA Curriculum Guide (P1-S3) (2002) PE KLA Curriculum and Assessment Guide (S4- 6) ( 2007)  Guide to the Pre-primary Curriculum (2006)  Guide on Outdoor Activities (2008)  School Administration Guide (2010)

19 Thank You!


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