2 1. List in order the events that led to the Battle of Gonzales? 2. How did geographic factors such as landforms affect Texans preparing to lay siege to San Antonio?- Gonzales cannon recalled- The Mexican army’s demand that the cannon be surrendered- Texans call for reinforcementThe riverbank helped the Texans3. Why did the Grass Fight take place and what was the result?4. What was the outcome of the siege of San Antonio?Texas troops believed that a Mexican supply train was carrying silver, so they attacked the train. They found only grass for the horses.Texans defeated the Mexican forces at San Antonio. Cos surrendered, and Mexican troops left Texas.
3 Causes Battle of Gonzales, October 2, 1835 Effects Santa Anna’s failure to follow the Constitution of 1824rising tensions between Texans and the Mexican governmentdemand that U.S. settlers at Gonzales hand over their cannonTexas rebel victorystarted a war between Texas and the Mexican government from which Texans could not turn backincreased the resolution and confidence of the Texas rebels
4 Early Battles Battle of Gonzales Date: October 2nd, 1835 Major People involved: Texan/US Settlers and Mexican TroopsPurpose of Battle: Santa Anna’s failure to follow the constitution of 1824-Battle broke out when Texans refused to surrender their cannon to the Mexican forcesOutcome (who won): TexasEffects of battle: Texas rebel victory; starting point for the war; increase the confidence of the Texas Rebels
5 Early Battles Date: October 10, 1835 Capture of GoliadDate: October 10, 1835Major People involved: Martin perfecto de Cos, George Collinsworth, Ben MilamPurpose of Battle: Attack the Mexican garrison because there was fewer than 30 people thereOutcome (who won): TexansEffects of battle: After this victory more people joined the rebel army
6 Early Battles Date: Nov 26 Major People involved: Stephen F. Austin, Edward BurlesonPurpose of Battle: Cut off supply routesOutcome (who won): Although the Texans were disappointed, some realized the siege worked.About the battle: Rumor spread through the Texas camp that 100 Mexican soldiers were carrying silver infantry troops ambushed the Mexicans only to find bags of grass.Grass Fight
7 Capture/Battle of San Antonio Early BattlesCapture/Battle of San AntonioDate: December 4-5Major People involved: Ben Milam, Francis W. JohnsonPurpose of Battle: Force the Mexican troops out of TexasOutcome (who won): Texans; Dec 10th the two sides agreed to Cos’s surrenderEffects of battle: By December 9th the Mexican forces had been pushed out of the center of San Antonio, forcing Cos’s surrender
9 Declaration of November 7, 1835 Consultation of 1835PRO WARWanted to declare Texas Independence from MexicoPRO PEACEWanted to remain loyal to Mexico and wanted the Const. of 1824 to be restored.Declaration of November 7, 1835Pledged loyalty to Mexico, explained that Texans had used force only for defense and warned that if Mexico did not restore the Constitution… Texas would declare independence
10 The Provisional Government Governor- Henry SmithHe was a member of the Pro War factionThree Commissioners: Stephen F Austin, William H Wharton and Branch T ArcherMain Goals- Recruit volunteers and raise moneyLieutenant Governor- James RobinsonCommander and Chief of Army- Sam HoustonGeneral Council:1. Estabished a Military Navy to protect the Texas ports and waterways2. Scheduled a Convention to be held on March 1, 1836Overall, the Provisional Government was ineffective and had poor leadership
11 Battle of the Alamo Main Players Davy Crockett:- A US Congressman from Tennessee who came as a volunteer. Helped fight for and defend the Alamo. Lost his life in the battle.James Bowie:- Was sent by Sam Houston to destroy the Alamo but later helped to defend the old mission as the Commander of the Volunteer Militia. Lost his life in the battle.William B Travis:- Was a leader of the forces who defended the Alamo. He wrote the famous “To the People of Texas and All Americans in the World”- a plea for aid and reinforcements as the Mexican Army was advancing.James Bonham:- A Volunteer from Alabama who also lost his life in the Alamo- He left at one point to get help only to return for the Fall of the AlamoSusanna Dickenson:- A noncombatant who was spared by Santa Anna. She was sent by Santa Anna with a message to Sam Houston regarding the future fate of Texas.
12 Battle of the Alamo Before The Seige How were the Texans prepared for the advancement of the Mexican Army?- They built up the mission walls, placed cannons around the Alamo. Stocked up on food and weaponry…Why protect “The Alamo”?- It was decided that the artillery and weapons housed in the Alamo were too valuable to destroy.
13 Battle of the Alamo The Seige and the Fall Date: Feb. 23 –March 6, 1836 (13 days)Major People Involved: TX--- William B. Travis, Davy Crockett, James Bowie; MX --- Santa AnnaMarch 5th – Travis’ Line in the Sand incident involving Louis Rose leaving the AlamoMarch 6th – final assault in the early morning hoursOutcome: TX lost; Mexico won; all Texans killed (183 men); Santa Anna sends Susanna Dickinson to Sam Houston with fate of Texans at the Alamo messageEffects: Runaway Scrape begins; Sam Houston and TX army retreated eastward towards the US; determined to defeat Santa Anna; Battle cry: Remember the Alamo!
14 @ Washington-on-the-Brazos Convention of 1836@ Washington-on-the-BrazosResults:Created the Declaration of IndependenceCreated the Constitution of 1836Set up a Ad Interim Govt.President (of the Convention) : Richard EllisDelegates: Sam Houston, Lorenzo de Zavala, George ChildressThe Constitution of 1836Legalized slavery in TexasBased on the US Constitution and included Bill of Rights ( Freedom of Religion- Freedom of the Press- Freedom of Speech- Trial by Jury)
15 To declare independence from Mexico To establish a Texasgovernment and protectcertain rights
16 Branches of Government Ad Interim GovernmentDuring the Convention- a temporary government was assigned until elections could be heldPresident: David G BurnetVice President: Lorenzo de ZavalaBranches of GovernmentLegislative- create the laws and also known as the congressExecutive- enforces/carries out the laws and led by the PresidentJudicial- provides a court system
17 Later Battles/Events Runaway Scrape Date: March 11th Major People involved: Sam Houston and TexansCauses:Sam Houston and others learn of the fall of the AlamoA larger Mexican force is advancing on a smaller Texas force,Houston orders forces to retreat and burn Gonzales.Fear spreads across Texas and civilians fleeCapture of Santa Anna by William H Huddle
18 Later Battles/Events Date: March 19th Battle at Coleto CreekDate: March 19thMajor People involved: Gen. James Fannin (Texas), General Urrea (Mexico)Purpose of Battle: Texas troops stopped in a prairie and were surrounded by Mexican troops.Outcome (who won): Texans surrenderedEffects of battle: most Texas rebels were march back to Goliad; led to Goliad MassacreCapture of Santa Anna by William H Huddle
19 Later Battles/Events Goliad Massacre Date: March 27th Major People involved: Fannin’s troops and soldiers captured outside of VictoriaPurpose of Battle: Mexican soldiers executed more than 400 Texans after the battle of Coleto Creek.Outcome Few Texans escapedEffects of battle: Francita Alavez (who was traveling with the Mexican Troops) helped some escape and is known as the Angel of GoliadCapture of Santa Anna by William H Huddle
20 Later Battles/Events Date: April 20th-21st Battle of San JacintoDate: April 20th-21stMajor People involved: Santa Anna, Sam Houston, Mirabeau B. LamarPurpose of Battle: Independence; The Texans took the Mexican army by surpriseOutcome (who won): Texans- won their independenceEffects of battle: Texans- won their independence the battle Lasted 18 minutesCapture of Santa Anna- Treaty of VelascoCapture of Santa Anna by William H Huddle