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ANOTHER AGE OF REFORM Objective: To define progressivism and identify how it manifested itself on the local & state level by looking at the goals & actions.

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Presentation on theme: "ANOTHER AGE OF REFORM Objective: To define progressivism and identify how it manifested itself on the local & state level by looking at the goals & actions."— Presentation transcript:

1 ANOTHER AGE OF REFORM Objective: To define progressivism and identify how it manifested itself on the local & state level by looking at the goals & actions of progressives

2 ROOTS OF PROGRESSIVISM CONTINUATION OF POST CIVIL WAR RESPONSE TO INDUSTRIALIZATION THE SEARCH FOR ORDER STATUS REVOLUTION TO USE GOVERNMENT AS AN AGENCY OF HUMAN WELFARE CONTROL CORPORATIONS CLEANSE GOVERNMENT CIVIC RESPONSIBILITY IMPROVE SOCIETY ELIMINATE INFLUENCE OF SPECIAL INTERESTS

3 THE PROGRESSIVE MIND NOT A SINGLE MOVEMENT, SENSE OF NEW SOCIAL POSSIBILITIES AGE OF ORGANIZATION DAWNED & MEMBERSHIP GAVE FOLKS SENSE OF IDENTITY THEY USED TO GET FROM CHURCH, NEIGH- BORHOOD, POLITICAL PARTY PARTICIPATE IN IMPROVING SOCIETY WITHOUT BEING RADICAL SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & EXPERTISE CREATED INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY THEN THEY COULD IMPROVE THE PROBLEMS AS A RESULT T. VEBLEN THEORY OF THE LEISURE CLASS 1899 W. JAMES & OTHER PRAGMATISTS JOHN DEWEY – SCHOOLS ENGINES OF SOCIAL CHANGE O.W. HOLMES – THE COMMON LAW 1881 LAW MUST EVOLVE AS SOCIETY CHANGES ASHCAN ARTISTS – NOT RADICAL INTELLECTUALS REORIENTED AMERICAN SOCIAL THOUGHT LAISSEZ FAIRE OBSOLETE PROBLEM WAS PERSONAL VALUES OF REFORMERS SEEN AS ABSOLUTE STANDARDS OF TRUTH AND MORALITY

4 MUCKRAKERS: BRINGING THE MOVEMENT INTO FOCUS EXPOSE TACTICS & POLICIES OF INDUSTRIALISTS I. TARBELL- STANDARD OIL L. STEFFENS - THE SHAME OF THE CITIES U. SINCLAIR THE JUNGLE 1906 IMMORAL INDUSTRIALISTS MATERIALISTIC MINISTERS LACKY LAWYERS INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM McCLURES, COLLIERS MAGAZINES SPENT $$$ ON FACT CHECKING BEFORE PUBLISHING

5 LOCAL POLITICS ABOLISH CORRUPTION & INEFFICIENCY IN GOVERN- MENT RID LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF BOSSES – TWEED & RUEF L. STEFFENS SHAME OF THE CITIES CHANGE URBAN POLITICAL INSTITUTION OF GOVT HOME RULE CHARTERS – INDEP FROM STATE LEGS. CITY MANAGER SYSTEM ADMINISTER AFFAIRS NON-PARTISAN – TEXAS ELECTION OF PROGRESSIVE MAYORS

6 STATE LEVEL POLITICS STATE LEGISLATURES RURAL & OLD BOYS CLUB SO REFORM HERE TOO WISCONSIN IDEA – FIGHT-ING BOB LA FOLLETTE – GOV DIRECT PRIMARY, LTD. LOBBYING & CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES, FOUGHT RR & TIMBER INTERESTS, GRADUATED INCOME TAX USE OF EXPERTS FROM UNIV. WISC. MADISON PEOPLE WILL ALWAYS DO THE RIGHT THING IF PROPERLY INFORMED OTHER STATES FOLLOWED

7 SOCIAL LEGISLATION ON THE STATE LEVEL URBAN PROBLEMS ADDRESSED LONG BEFORE PROGRESSIVES IMPACT MINIMAL UNTIL LOCHNER V. NY – SUPREME COURT DECLARES NY 10 HOUR LAW UNCONSTITUTIONAL 1908 MUELLER V. OREGON – S.C. UPHOLDS 10 HOUR DAY FOR WOMEN LAUNDRESSES – USE OF BRANDEIS BRIEF 1911 TRIANGLE SHIRTWAIST FIRE ACCIDENT INSURANCE, BLDG. CODES CHILD LABOR LAWS WOMENS SUFFRAGE – 17 STATES EQUAL SUFFRAGE 1918


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