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CHALLENGES AT HOME AND ABROAD. WHISKEY REBELLION SUMMER 1794 EXCISE TAX AS PART OF FUNDING & ASSUMPTION EXCISE TAX AS PART OF FUNDING & ASSUMPTION NOWHERE.

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Presentation on theme: "CHALLENGES AT HOME AND ABROAD. WHISKEY REBELLION SUMMER 1794 EXCISE TAX AS PART OF FUNDING & ASSUMPTION EXCISE TAX AS PART OF FUNDING & ASSUMPTION NOWHERE."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHALLENGES AT HOME AND ABROAD

2 WHISKEY REBELLION SUMMER 1794 EXCISE TAX AS PART OF FUNDING & ASSUMPTION EXCISE TAX AS PART OF FUNDING & ASSUMPTION NOWHERE ENFORCED MORE THAN IN WESTERN PA NOWHERE ENFORCED MORE THAN IN WESTERN PA REVENUE AGENTS HOMES BURNED; AGENTS TARRED & FEATHERED REVENUE AGENTS HOMES BURNED; AGENTS TARRED & FEATHERED GW SENDS 13,000 MILITIA GW SENDS 13,000 MILITIA REBELLION ENDS BEFORE IT BEGINS REBELLION ENDS BEFORE IT BEGINS DONT MESS WITH AUTHORITY OF G. WASHINGTON DONT MESS WITH AUTHORITY OF G. WASHINGTON

3 OHIO COUNTRY, INDIANS & BRITISH BATTLE OF FALLEN TIMBERS 1790-94 LAST BATTLE OF THE REVOLUTION INDIANS IN NW TERRITORY DIDNT AGREE TO HAND OVER THEIR LAND BRITISH SOLDIERS STILL OUT WEST LITTLE TURTLE & MIAMI TRIBE LED SUCCESSFUL BATTLES AGAINST US DECISIVE VICTORY AUGUST 1794 GENERAL MAD ANTHONY WAYNE AGAINST INDIANS TREATY OF GREENVILLE 1795 – DEFINITE BOUNDARY BETWEEN US & INDIAN LANDS.

4 THE FRENCH REVOLUTION 1789 & WAR IN EUROPE 1793 APRIL 1793 PROCLAMATION OF NEUTRALITY FRIENDLY & IMPARTIAL TO ALL BELLIGERENTS APRIL 1793 PROCLAMATION OF NEUTRALITY FRIENDLY & IMPARTIAL TO ALL BELLIGERENTS FRANCO-AMERICAN ALLIANCE OVER FRANCO-AMERICAN ALLIANCE OVER GENET AFFAIR – FRENCH LOOKING FOR SUPPORT – BREAKING US LAW, REBUFFS WASHINGTON & GW ASKS FOR HIS RECALL GENET AFFAIR – FRENCH LOOKING FOR SUPPORT – BREAKING US LAW, REBUFFS WASHINGTON & GW ASKS FOR HIS RECALL MORE IMPORTANT THAT GENET WAS VIOLATION OF AMERICAN SHIPPING RIGHTS MORE IMPORTANT THAT GENET WAS VIOLATION OF AMERICAN SHIPPING RIGHTS GB AND FR ATTACKING AMERICAN SHIPS – DAMAGE GREAT IN 1793-94 GB AND FR ATTACKING AMERICAN SHIPS – DAMAGE GREAT IN 1793-94

5 JAY TREATY 1795 JAY SENT TO ENGLAND TO GET ATTACKS ON AMERICAN SHIPS TO END JAY SENT TO ENGLAND TO GET ATTACKS ON AMERICAN SHIPS TO END ENGLAND WANTED TREATY: FEARFUL OF AN FRANCO-AMERICAN ALLIANCE ENGLAND WANTED TREATY: FEARFUL OF AN FRANCO-AMERICAN ALLIANCE ONLY ONE MAJOR CONCESSION: BRITISH WILL EVACUATE WESTERN POSTS, COMPENSATE SHIPOWNERS, OPEN UP ASIAN COLONIES FOR TRADE ONLY ONE MAJOR CONCESSION: BRITISH WILL EVACUATE WESTERN POSTS, COMPENSATE SHIPOWNERS, OPEN UP ASIAN COLONIES FOR TRADE AMERICAN NEUTRAL RIGHTS ON THE WATER NOT RESPECTED AMERICAN NEUTRAL RIGHTS ON THE WATER NOT RESPECTED VALUABLE NONETHELESS BECAUSE RELATIONS WITH GREAT BRITAIN REGULARIZED – ESSENTIAL FOR ECONOMIC & POLITCAL SECURITY OF US VALUABLE NONETHELESS BECAUSE RELATIONS WITH GREAT BRITAIN REGULARIZED – ESSENTIAL FOR ECONOMIC & POLITCAL SECURITY OF US ENABLED US TO SOLVE PROBLEMS WITH SPAIN ENABLED US TO SOLVE PROBLEMS WITH SPAIN

6 PINCKNEY TREATY 1795 TREATY OF SAN LORENZO SPAINS EXIT FROM EUROPEAN WAR SPAINS EXIT FROM EUROPEAN WAR FEARFUL OF FRANCO-AMERICAN ATTACK FEARFUL OF FRANCO-AMERICAN ATTACK IMPROVE RELATIONS WITH U.S. IMPROVE RELATIONS WITH U.S. FREE NAVIGATION OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER AND RIGHT OF DEPOSIT AT NEW ORLEANS FREE NAVIGATION OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER AND RIGHT OF DEPOSIT AT NEW ORLEANS RATIFIED 4 MONTHS AFTER JAY; 10/17985 RATIFIED 4 MONTHS AFTER JAY; 10/17985 SETTLERS POUR INTO WEST- NEW STATES KY & TN – MS & IN TERRITORIES SETTLERS POUR INTO WEST- NEW STATES KY & TN – MS & IN TERRITORIES

7 WASHINGTONS FAREWELL ADDRESS SEPTEMBER 1796 DISENCHANTED WITH RIVALRY BETWEEN FEDERALISTS & REPUBLICANS: Violation of neutral rights, French Revolution, Informal political organization by Jefferson & Madison 1791, no machinery for nominating candidates for federal office DISENCHANTED WITH RIVALRY BETWEEN FEDERALISTS & REPUBLICANS: Violation of neutral rights, French Revolution, Informal political organization by Jefferson & Madison 1791, no machinery for nominating candidates for federal office AVOID POLITICAL PARTIES AVOID POLITICAL PARTIES NO FOREIGN ENTAGLEMENTS – TEMPORARY ALLIANCES FOR EXTRAORDINARY PURPOSES ONLY- POLICY OF ISOLATION NO FOREIGN ENTAGLEMENTS – TEMPORARY ALLIANCES FOR EXTRAORDINARY PURPOSES ONLY- POLICY OF ISOLATION

8 ELECTION OF 1796 FEDERALIST JOHN ADAMS FEDERALIST JOHN ADAMS REPUBLICAN THOMAS JEFFERSON REPUBLICAN THOMAS JEFFERSON PINCKNEY AS POSSIBLE VP FOR ADAMS – HAMILTONS INTERFERENCE PINCKNEY AS POSSIBLE VP FOR ADAMS – HAMILTONS INTERFERENCE ELECTION RESULTS: FEDERALIST PRESIDENT & REPUBLICAN VICE PRESIDENT ELECTION RESULTS: FEDERALIST PRESIDENT & REPUBLICAN VICE PRESIDENT ADAMS 71 ADAMS 71 JEFFERSON 68 JEFFERSON 68 PINCKNEY 59 PINCKNEY 59

9 CONTINUED TROUBLE WITH FRANCE & AMERICAN SHIPPING NEGOTIATE SETTLEMENT WITH FRANCE NEGOTIATE SETTLEMENT WITH FRANCE XYZ AFFAIR – FIASCO XYZ AFFAIR – FIASCO 1798 ADAMS RELEASES REPORT FROM COMMISSIONERS 1798 ADAMS RELEASES REPORT FROM COMMISSIONERS CONGRESS CREATES NAVY DEPT., TRIPLE SIZE OF ARMY, AMERICAN PRIVATEERS BEGIN ATTACKING FR. SHIPS CONGRESS CREATES NAVY DEPT., TRIPLE SIZE OF ARMY, AMERICAN PRIVATEERS BEGIN ATTACKING FR. SHIPS REPUBLICANS COMMITTED TO FRIENDSHIP W/ FRANCE REPUBLICANS COMMITTED TO FRIENDSHIP W/ FRANCE EUROPEAN REFUGEES FLOODING INTO AMERICA EUROPEAN REFUGEES FLOODING INTO AMERICA WAR NOT AN OPTION WAR NOT AN OPTION

10 ALIEN & SEDITION ACTS 1798 FEDERALISTS TAKE XYZ AFFAIR A STEP FURTHER FEDERALISTS TAKE XYZ AFFAIR A STEP FURTHER NATURALIZATION ACT – 14 YRS RESIDENCE FOR CITIZENSHIP NATURALIZATION ACT – 14 YRS RESIDENCE FOR CITIZENSHIP PRESIDENTIAL POWER TO EXPEL ALIENS – NEVER INVOKED BUT SOME LEFT IN FEAR PRESIDENTIAL POWER TO EXPEL ALIENS – NEVER INVOKED BUT SOME LEFT IN FEAR SEDITION ACT: CRIME TO INCITE RIOT OR IMPEDE LAWS & ILLEGAL TO SPEAK, WRITE AGAINST GOVT SEDITION ACT: CRIME TO INCITE RIOT OR IMPEDE LAWS & ILLEGAL TO SPEAK, WRITE AGAINST GOVT GOVT MASTERS NOT SERVANTS OF THE PEOPLE GOVT MASTERS NOT SERVANTS OF THE PEOPLE WAY TO SILENCE REPUBLICANS W/ 1800 AROUND THE CORNER WAY TO SILENCE REPUBLICANS W/ 1800 AROUND THE CORNER

11 THE REPUBLICAN RESPONSE THE VIRGINIA & KENTUCKY RESOLVES TJ BELIEVED ALIEN & SEDITION ACTS VIOLATED 1ST AMENDMENT & THEREFORE IMPEDED UPON STATES RIGHTS STATES HAD RIGHTS TO DECLARE LAW OF CONGRESS UNCONSTITUTIONAL FRANCE NEVER WANTED WAR & XYZ AFFAIR NOT A BIG DEAL FOR FRANCE SO COMMISSIONERS TO BE RECEIVED POST HASTE TENSION B/W ADAMS & FEDERALISTS NAPOLEON IN CHARGE BUT WAR AVOIDED – CONVENTION 1800


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