2Dow Corning Profile 2001 Sales: $2.44 Billion Employees: 7500 Globally Manufacturer of Silicon Based Chemicals & MaterialsSignificant SoftwaresOSIsoft PI Tools Including RLINKSAP 4.6B – Single Instance GloballyThermo LabSystems Sample Manager LIMSWeb Based Bar-coding Interface to PI and SAPVarious Control Systems (One of Everything)
3OSIsoft in Use at Dow Corning First PI System in 1992 – VMS Based PI 1.XInterfaces – 16, Including Many Dow Corning WrittenUDS/Edict (PI3.3)– 14 Sites With 18 Servers, 250,000 TagsPI Batch – 200 Batch UnitsProcess Template SPC – 35 ImplementationsProcess Book & Excel Add-in – 700 ClientsRLINK PM & PP/PI– 22 Implementations at 3 Sites
4Current PI Server Locations BarryWalesMidland,MichiganSeneffeBelgiumCarrolltonKentuckyManseungKoreaChiba,Japan
5Industry Types Within Dow Corning ProcessBatchContinuousSemi-ContinuousDiscretePackagingRobotics
6Process Flow Diagram 1238 Raw Material COLUMN 1234 REACTOR 1237 Waste FEEDRaw MaterialPREHEATEROVERHEADSEXOVERHEADSCOLUMNREACTOR12341237WasteRAW MATERIALPRODUCTINTERMEDIATERECYCLE123512391236STORAGEWasteINTERMEDIATEREACTOR
7Process Controller Interfaces Fischer & Porter / BaileyAllen Bradley PLCSiemens PLCIntellution SCADAFoxboro I/AFisher/RosemontBatch Execution Systems (Batch Engines)Radio Frequency and Bar-coding for Manual Data EntryPC Based Manual Data Entry
10RLINK 22 Implementations – globally PM – 3 PP/PI – 19 Provided PM RLINK implementation and follow up consulting to the mining operations at BHP Escondida in Chile - Cedric Luyt presentationKris reviewed our SAP-RLINK-PI configuration and stabilised its operation. It had been operating but with the generation of some errors. He also reviewed R-Link behaviour when SAP and/or PI were down and fed the results to Osisoft to review. He carried out training for our system support people as well as for the Chilean Osisoft personnel.Joe Garcia, project manager at BHP in EscondidaQuote from Joe Garcia, project manager at BHP in Escondida
11PM RLINK Process Monitoring Both Batch and Continuous Equipment/Machine Service HoursOn/Off CyclesRun TimesThreshold Calculations
13PM RLINK Installations Current 2 plants monitoring 77 SAP Measuring Points47 Continuous Processes30 Batch Processes2 More Plants Scheduled for This YearCurrent Is PM RLINK Version 1.2 Build 1 With Additional Patches
14PM RLINK UtilizationBegan evaluating PM RLINK in 2001 with a pilot to exercise it’s capabilities and determine if it could :Be a Tool to Aid in Equipment Maintenance Cost ReductionImproved Metrics for Asset Utilization and Operational Effectiveness.Based on positive results of pilot we proceeded with the roll out to a second plant late in 2001.
15PM RLINK Utilization Single Supply Chain Supply Chain Within a Large PlantMaintenance Expense Budget$13,000,00010% Expense Reduction resulting from just PI-TEEP in 2002 and again in 2003$1,300,000Asset Value$321,000,000Maintenance Expense Budget$8,000,00010% Expense Reduction resulting from just PI-TEEP in 2002 and again in 2003$800,000PM RLINK can easily pay for itself by simply avoiding the unnecessary maintenance of a heat exchanger through condition monitoring. Total expected savings for condition monitoring unavailable at this time.
16Condition MonitoringThrough the use of an auxiliary calculation engine and a library of functions we monitor a wide variety of equipment and process conditions.Pump Start/Stop Cycles Reaching Defined LimitTemperature Reaches Upper Limit of EquipmentHeat Exchanger Coefficient Drops Below LimitImpingement Plate Fatigue Measured with Strain GagePossibilities Are Only Limited to the Measurements Available to PI and Your ImaginationBased on process condition changes or cycle counts we can generate PM measurement documents and notifications if necessary.The type of monitoring determines if a notification is generated and of what type.Because all the processing happens in the background and require user interaction the configuration and maintenance is greatly simplified.Other types of monitoring we do:Sonolator Orfice Wear Measured Through AcousticsVibration Monitoring on Rotating EquipmentPump Flow Compared to Pump Curve to Determine Cavitations.
17Condition Monitoring Configuration PI Tags RequiredMinimum of 9 when using notifications for each measuring pointRLINK Tag Aliases Used- VALUE - SHORT_TEXT - NOTIFY_PRIORITY- ALARM - READER - NOTIFY- DOCUMENT - NOTIFY_TYPE - NOTIFICATIONOne SAP Functional Location Required for Each Piece of Equipment Defined in RLINKOne Measuring Point Required for Each Condition to Be Monitored.Multiple RLINK Alarms Can Be Defined for a Given Piece of Equipment Which Allows Monitoring Multiple Conditions.
18Condition Monitoring Benefits Dramatically reduced maintenance cost due to only performing it when required and non on a regular time based schedule. The key is know what to monitor and what the limitations of your equipment is.More timely notification of problem avoid potentially major loss events due to equipment failure. This allows for planned maintenance, less process down time and an overall reduction of operating cost for the process.Improved Process Online Time. By only performing maintenance when the condition of equipment dictates it can be scheduled for more opportune times. This allows the process to operate for longer periods at a reduce operating costs.
19Measuring Reliability Performance The ultimate goal of every process plant is to improve asset utilization such that the production output equals the maximum demonstrated production rate. (i.e. speed losses, quality losses, unplanned and planned downtime losses all equal to zero).TEEP & OEE give us insight into the broadest definition of our Process Reliability and Capability. It is a record of how we use our processes based on documented losses. It is as much a Operations tool as it is a Reliability Engineering tool.The demonstrated rate of a process includes both the original design name plate capacity and also the additional capacity resulting from “stretches” for which the process was qualified.For a batch process the demonstrated rate corresponds to the shortest achievable batch time.
20Advantages of This Measurement System Unique Measurement Unit: TIMETime = Universal Measure UnitValid for All Types of Plants:Basic or FinishingValid for All Types of Processes:Continuous or BatchValid for All Types of IndustriesDirect and Process
21World Class TargetsBased on results consistently achieved by PM prize-winning companies, the following percentages are achievable targets :Availability Rate > 90 %Efficiency Rate > 95 %Quality Rate > 99 %90 % x 95 % x 99 % = an OEE of 85 %
22USING TEEP & OEE First Step Is to Measure Second Step Is to Perform Pareto AnalysisThird Step Is to Prioritize High Frequency Downing Events. Bottle Necks Become Visible.Forth Step Is to Find Root Cause and Fix.Fifth Step Is to Report Progress With MetricsAfter collecting and verifying the TEEP/OEE performance data, complete one or more of the following summary reports: 1) a bar chart of the monthly average TEEP data, 2) an SPC chart on TEEP and OEE data, 3) a Pareto analysis summary of the event loss classifications (Planned, Unplanned, Speed and Quality) and 4) Pareto charts of the actual failure reasons or types (both by time consumed and by a count of occurrences). An SPC chart of actual production output values or batch cycle times should be considered as well. Out-of-control points on SPC charts should be highlighted with reason.Any graph or summary report of TEEP/OEE performance measures should reference the Maximum Demonstrated Rate of the process.Specific improvement activities should be focused on the top 20% loss events for permanently fixes.Utilize Equipment Improvement Teams that include operators, tradesmen and engineers.
23USING TEEP & OEE Operators are Key TEEP/OEE is monitoring how well the process is running. These measurements are based on logging non-productive that occur. Operators are in the best position to monitor and document their problems. The accountability is the same as today, except the Methodology is different.
24TEEP DefinitionTEEP is measuring how well we are using the total capacity of our assets. It is recording, all planned and unplanned losses, which includes scheduled downtime for lack of product demand. TEEP is the sole indicator integrating all parameters that affect productivity of the equipment or process. It uncovers the “Hidden Factory” costs, not just maintenance deficiencies. It is expressed as Valuable time / Calendar Time, in percent.
25OEE DefinitionOEE is a key measure focused on equipment and process reliability improvement. It is a measure of how well we are capable of using of using our Production Equipment when we want them to operate (excludes planned down time). OEE is the product of three effective factors, Efficiency, Availability and Quality and can also be expressed as Valuable Operating Time / Available Time, in percent
26The 8 Manufacturing Losses Planned 1. Planned MaintenanceLosses 2. No or Reduced DemandDowntime 3. Equipment FailuresLosses 4. Set-up and AdjustmentSpeed 5. Idling & Minor StoppagesLosses 6. Reduced SpeedQuality 7. Defect in Process (FTR, Scrap)Losses 8. Reduced Yield (Rework)CapacityAvailabilityEfficiencyDefinition of a lossA loss is the result and the consequence of any event which prevents an Equipment or Process to deliver what it is supposed to deliver in standard operation at its demonstrated rate.Operating buildings define the duration of time (Process Deviation Trigger) before a loss event is documented minutes is common.Downtime, Speed and Quality losses are considered “unplanned” as they occur when the process is expected to be running at demonstrated operating rate and making good product.I want to give you examples of how broad a measure this is.0100 Planned Speed0101 Preventative Maintenance Problems Upstream or Downstream of Process0102 No orders for production Process equipment or control malfunction0103 General meeting / training Slow down due to raw material shortage0104 Scale up of non-saleable material Slow down due to operator shortage0105 Breaks/Holidays Imposed out of standard sequence0106 ISO Calibration Reduced Yield0107 Projects (Capital or Expense) Raw Mat’l Quality reducing yield/speed in processing0108 Miscellaneous Operating Error0109 Scheduled Cleaning / Dis-infection Waiting for QC release0310 Miscellaneous0200 Unplanned Quality0201 Equipment failure First Time Reject (was not in spec on first try)0202 Unscheduled Cleaning / Dis-infection Product/color transition/change-over0203 Production / Process Upset Quality Statistically Out of Control0204 Miscellaneous Product adjustment0405 Scrap Product0406 Additional FiltrationQuality
28PI-TEEP TEEP/OEE Captures Loss Time, Failure Code, Reason and Comments Additional Information Being Stored in PI for Description and CommentsInitial Reporting Capability Will Be From PI DataHigh Level Reporting Available From SAPProvided analysis capabilities for userParato analysisSPC ChartsMean Time Between Failure
29PM RLINK Data Flow SAP R/3 PM RLINK MS SQL Server PI TEEP Reporting PI Universal Data Server(UDS)PI BatchPI-TEEP Manual Data EntryEdict Calculation EngineManual Data EntryInterfaces to Control System
30PI-TEEP Configuration PI TagsContinuous – Minimum of 10 requiredAuto-Batch – Minimum of 10 requiredManual-Batch – Minimum of 13 RequiredVarying tag attributes are used to contain static data utilized in the PI-TEEP applications. For example failure reasons and types list are defined in the extended descriptor.RLINK Tag Aliases Used- VALUE - CODE_GP - DCC_BATCHACTIVE- ALARM - CODE - DCC_BATCHID- DOCUMENT - DCC_FAIL_TYPE - DCC_PRODUCT- SHORT_TEXT DCC_EVENT_COMMENTS- READER - DCC_MAXDEMRATEThe DCC aliases are used for mapping PI tags specific to the PI-TEEP set of applications.
31PI-TEEP Configuration One SAP Functional Location Required for Each Piece of Equipment Defined in RLINKOne and Only One Measuring Point Required for Each Functional Location.The RLINK Unit is named to match the PI-Batch unit for batch processesOne Equation for each measuring point to automatically calculate loss times when they occur. This can be by either flow or batch events, but not both. Care must be taken to avoid overlapping events.
32PI-TEEP ApplicationsA pair of custom written ActiveX controls that are utilized in ProcessBook displays. One for data entry and one for reporting.Built on the PI-API, PI-SDK, Office Web Components, a custom manual data entry application which utilizes Microsoft SQL Server and other commercially available COM components.Automatic recording of loss times for batch processes include time between batches and batches that exceed standard cycle time for a product.Automatic recording of loss times for a continuous process creates entries when a flow drops below a defined threshold.Automatic recording only occurs if the loss time exceeds a defined trigger level this is typically 15 – 60 minutes. When entered a failure type of Other and an event comment are also entered to identify the value was created automatically.
33The user must login to inherit the appropriate authorization level The user must login to inherit the appropriate authorization level. There are 2 levels available Operator and Administrator.
34Once logged in a tree structure allows the user to select a functional location to perform data entry/review. Once the operation is complete the user clicks save and this transfers the data to PI. For administrators this also initiates the transfer of data to SAP by setting the alarm tag.
35For those batch processes you are not able to connect to PI through a control system these can be configured as a Manual-Batch process. This allows the operator to Start/Stop batches through the data entry application and also record loss times.
36Data entry is performed through this dialog box where the user selects the failure type, failure reason and enters a comment is necessary. Once a failure type is selected only those reasons specific to that type are available for selection. When the reason is selected the corresponding SAP code is automatically displayed. Noteworthy is the failure type of Other. This allows the user to enter a loss time and event comment, but not the failure reason. In the event that there is not an appropriate reason available or a loss event has begun, but the cause is yet unknown this type can be used to record the information. The user is then expected to return and update the entry with correct/current information.
37The configuration screen show administrative users what PI tags are used for this functional location and values for the key tag attributes. Note the value for the extended descriptor for the Failure Reason tag. This is a delimited list used to populate the drop down box for data entry. Also noteworthy are the …Filter properties of the ActiveX controls. These allow the ProcessBook Display to be specific to the defined plants and units.
38Once the functional location is selected from the tree the user selects the date range of interest and clicks the Retrieve PI Data button. When all data is selected the Create Charts button can be clicked to calculate TEEP and OEE for the process and display the charts.
39For batch processes when a specific product is selected the name is displayed on the top chart and only OEE is displayed. The user can look at the performance bar graph for different months by selecting the one of interest from the dropdown box.
40This chart shows a plot of the mean time between failures This chart shows a plot of the mean time between failures. It includes both the actual values an a running average.
41Filtering possible using the pivot table page fields just like standard pivot tables in Excel. If filtering is applied it is reflected when generating charts on the Summary Chart tab.
42Filtering possible using the pivot table page fields just like standard pivot tables in Excel. If filtering is applied it is reflected when generating charts on the Summary Chart tab.
43Filtering possible using the pivot table page fields just like standard pivot tables in Excel. If filtering is applied it is reflected when generating charts on the Summary Chart tab.
44Showing charts for each of the different summaries is as easy as clicking on the appropriate button.
45The PI Failure Data, PI Batches, Performance Data and Cycle Time SPC sheets are easily exportable to Microsoft Excel through the OWC Spreadsheet Component by double clicking on the sheet tab and clicking the Excel Icon.
46Notice differences with a batch process Ability to Filter By ProductAdditional Tabs for PI Batches, Cycle Times
48Custom written SAP report that uses loss times and failure codes sent to SAP through PM RLINK to calculate TEEP and OEE performance measures.
49PI-TEEP Benefits Realized More Timely and Accurate Data CollectionImproved Data AnalysisConsistent Methodology Used Across The Organization for Measuring Asset Utilization and Operational EffectivenessVisibility of the True Cost of Downing Events at All Levels of the OrganizationLower Manufacturing Cost, More Competitive and Greater ProfitabilitySmooth operation of processes is critical for manufacturing today. Processes we operate adds the value customers pay for. In an environment that is more competitive than ever, process equipment has to work dependably to supply products when the customer needs them. Yet factories everywhere are plagued with equipment problems of one kind or another. The companies that are pulling ahead in the production race are those that understand their equipment and processing problems and take steps to eliminate them. The key to this is understanding Overall Equipment Effectiveness.
50SummaryPM RLINK is an excellent way to introduce RLINK to the organization and train support personnel.For our typical site we were able to easily justify the cost of the license for PM RLINK due to the short term payback resulting from the elimination of unnecessary time based PM’sAs an added benefit the PI-TEEP tools developed gave great insight to asset utilization and allowed us to focus our efforts where we would get the most benefits.A key component to the success of PM RLINK is the use of an Auxiliary Calculation Engine like PI-ACE or Excele’s Edict. This is true for both PM and PPPI RLINK.Be mindful that the PI engineering units match SAP and the SAP account uses the same decimal separator as PI.
51SummaryPM RLINK is the backbone to our reliability improvement efforts for the company.SAP provides a common independent repository that can be used by management to review reliability data across the organization.