Jeff Bezos has played an important role in the development of Amazon.com, an online shop selling mainly books and music. He decided to set up Amazon.com when he saw the growing popularity of the Internet. Enjoy a passage:
During the first few years, the company did not make a profit and Mr. Bezos thought that his efforts would end in failure. However, Internet connection became faster and a lot of improvements were made to home computers.
Words like development, popularity, failure, connection and improvement that refers to an idea, an action, a general quality or something that cannot see or touch directly are called abstract nouns. Most abstract nouns are uncountable. Only a few of them are countable, e.g. a hope, an idea, and a situation.
Abstract nouns Can you think more abstract words? illness, dependence, performance, admiration, training…
We can form abstract nouns from some verbs and adjectives by adding suffixes. NounsAdjectivesSuffix loyalty-ty illness-ness loyal ill 1.adjectives abstract nouns
1)Thanks to his ________ we are all saved, and all of us think he is such a _____ person. (kind; kindness) 2)The man carried the boy to ____ as the train come over, and the boy was _____ at last. (safe; safety) kindness kind safety safe
1). When Julia _____ in the exam, her mother told her ______ is the mother of success. failed Failure 2).Many wild animals ______________ because of pollution. We have to take some actions to prevent the _____________ of wild animals. (disappearance; disappear) have disappeared disappearance
3). The new motorway between the two cities has finally ______. The manager made a speech at the ________ ceremony of the supermarket. (open; opening) opened opening
1.We sometimes need to change the final letter (s) of a word before adding the suffix: verb produce ___________ production decide ___________ decision please ___________ pleasure adj. silent ___________ silence pretty ___________ prettiness Tips: -e+ tion -de+ sion -e+ ure -t+ ce -y+ness
Read about the history of the worlds most successful online businesses. Use the plural forms to fill in the blanks. Answers: 1) development 2) popularity 3) failure 4) connection 5) improvements 6) presentation 7) achievement 8) admiration
Try to recognize the different parts of computers in the picture: printer, monitor, speaker, mouse, screen, keyboard, floppy disk, CD-ROM, DVD- ROM,U-Disk, CPU… Do you know any words about computers? Give some examples. Words related to computers
printermonitor screen speaker floppy disk keyboard mouse
Ok, lets fill in the form together. Partfunction a flat piece of plastic for storing information a set of keys for typing a machine that puts the words and pictures onto paper floppy disk keyboard printer
a part where you can see the words and pictures a screen that shows information from a computer screen monitor
Use some of the words in the picture and the words in the box to complete the poster on Page 47. Answers: 1) keyboard 2) mouse 3) data 4) floppy disks 5) CD-ROMs 6) CUP 7) connect 8) e-mails 9) information 10) Web Practice:
More words related to computers scanner sound card Hyperlink network card cursor click
1. Revise what we have learnt in this part. 2. Try to find more information about computer science. 3. Preview Grammar and usage. Homework
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