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Parallel RF RLC Circuits Problem Solving

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Current The easiest way of evaluating parallel RLC circuits is by the total current method. We calculate the current in each branch and then determine their vector sum. We begin by finding the opposition in each branch. (Refer to Fig. 1A)

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Figure 1A. Circuit

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The current in each branch must be calculated. Keep in mind that we must use both magnitude and phase.

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The total current equals the vector sum of all branch currents. (Refer to Fig. 1B)

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I R = A I L = A I XT = A I C = A ITIT Figure 1B. Vector Sum of Circuit Currents: Parallel RLC Circuits

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This circuit is capacitive because the current leads the voltage. Note that the smallest reactance in a parallel circuit dominates, since it has the greatest current flow.

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Impedance Once the value of total current is known, impedance can be determined. As always, the impedance of a circuit equals the total voltage divided by the total current. The total current method continues to be our basic method of evaluating AC circuits.

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Frequency Response The best way to consider the circuit’s response to frequencies is to change the frequency from 2500 hertz to, say, 1070 hertz and repeat all calculations. If no other circuit values are changed, we will see what effect the frequency change has.

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Fig. 2 shows the capacitor current at +90 0, the inductor current at -90 0, and the vector difference also at , since the inductor current is larger. Remember that the larger current dominates in a parallel circuit. The total current is the vector sum of the resistor current at 0 0 and the net inductor current.

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I R = A I L = A I XT = A I C = A Figure 2. Vector Sum of Currents at Second Frequency

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In response to the frequency change, capacitive reactance has become larger and its current smaller. Inductive reactance has become smaller and its current larger. Thus, the circuit is now inductive. This result is also evident from the fact that the current is lagging the voltage.

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Another change occurs in the circuit impedance.

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Power The first step in calculating the value of the true power for this circuit is to determine the power factor. It is equal to the cosine of the phase angle. Power factor = cos =0.5693

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Thus 56.93% of the energy supplied to the circuit is dissipated in some form, such as heat. The true power can be determined in two ways.

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The total current is not used in the second formula because that current does not pass through the resistor. Only the resistor branch current is used. However, total current is used in the formula

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