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RS485 meets Radio. Presenting a less-wires approach to automation and computer control of radio equipment By: Kerry Richens (VK1KRF)

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Presentation on theme: "RS485 meets Radio. Presenting a less-wires approach to automation and computer control of radio equipment By: Kerry Richens (VK1KRF)"— Presentation transcript:

1 RS485 meets Radio. Presenting a less-wires approach to automation and computer control of radio equipment By: Kerry Richens (VK1KRF) Thanks to B&B Electronics

2 Preamble stick to a microprocessor family and get the most out of it Modularise circuit boards and designs so that they can be used in many applications standardise pinouts, layouts, software routines A one chip microcontroller can be considered as a customisable IC eg:why buy a $16.00 Stepper motor controller when a $1.20 PIC16C56 can do the job an $11.00 hex keypad decoder is not a bargain if you can do the job better with a $1.20 Micro BY the way: The PIC acronym "Programmable interface controller/Circuit/Chip" Don't be affraid to have more than one Micro (Customisable IC) on the board Too many hardcore programmers out there telling us what to do

3 Why? Automation is what I do This project stemmed from my desire to convert an old security camera pan/tilt head into a satellite tracking rotator Ever run out of ports for rotators rig controls modems TNC’s mouses etc? Sick of wiring up 8 wire rotator cables? Like home-brewing? (Hic!!) Would you like all remote devices on the one cable

4 Topics of Discussion My Radio Shack/ Workshop Background on RS422 and RS485 Converting RS232 to RS485 The Benefits of RS485 Making it Robust Programming DDE

5 Devices controlled by RS485 in my Station Dual Axis rotator with 2m crossed Yagis, 70cm Helical, 2.4GHz down converter. Hills rotator. 2M Phasing Harness. 5 port,3 port,2x 2 port remote coaxial relays. Preamp bypass relays for 2m, 70cm and 2Ghz. FT707 Digital VFO (on the workbench). FRG9600 on it’s own serial port (At Present).

6 Phasing harness and preamp control.

7 Remote Coaxial Relays

8 Dual Axis Rotator No calibration pots No calibration pots 2 IC’s 2 IC’s Networkable Networkable No ADC (Explain Pot Command) No ADC (Explain Pot Command) 2 nd Order Polynomial linearising in 16 bit integer basic 2 nd Order Polynomial linearising in 16 bit integer basic

9 Background on RS485 USB, Older 2Mb networks like Lantastic Building management, Dedicated print networks Security Systems, Camera Control.

10 RS485 levels

11 Benefits of RS485 Multidrop: 32 devices on a single line without boosting Runs on a single 5 Volt rail Data-rate of 100KBps at 5,000 Feet Differential line means it has High noise immunity Easily implemented Can be easily made robust in harsh environments The actual data format and type of network can be any level of complexity (Master Slave is the easiest)

12 Converting RS232 to RS485 There are 2 types of send control systems. Automatic RTS/Software

13 Schematic of my Converter

14 The Line Transceiver An example of a simple network

15 Active Termination When the Master is inactive the line is completely tristated. The line must be actively forced to a ‘0’ to ensure that noise does not present as data to the slaves.

16 Common Ground Surge Protection An example of single wire protection.

17 Four Line Surge Suppressor

18 Optical Isolation

19 Visual Basic and the real world A Visual Basic program can send and receive data from other programs via Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) Visual Basic can send and receive data via the MSComm Visual Basic Extension (VBX)

20 Examples of programs that support DDE Winorbit satellite tracking Mixw digital modes Microsoft Office

21 VB object properties

22 My Station Control Panel

23 The possibilities are endless Weatherstations Mast Lights Rig control including homebrew equipment Power control and monitoring Antenna Tuning units If it doesn’t work, Put a Microprocessor in it Imagination is more important than Knowledge


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