Presentation on theme: "Child Protection Rapid Assessment Tool"— Presentation transcript:
1Child Protection Rapid Assessment Tool Picture by: Hani MansourianInter-agency Child Protection Working Group& Save the ChildrenTraining material developed by: Hani Mansourian
2Purpose of the ToolTo provide guidance on conducting Child Protection Rapid Assessments in the immediate aftermath of rapid-onset emergencies;To provide a series of easily adaptable sample stock tools that can be used in different contexts (complex emergencies and natural disasters);To make data management and analysis easier and more accessible for non-specialists.
3Components of the CPRA Tool CPRA guideData Collection Tools1. List of Questions to consider during Desk Review (handout #4)Key Informant Interview Questionnaire (handout #2)Direct Observation Checklist (handout #3)Site Report (handout #5)Data Management Tool- Data Entry Sheet- Data Analysis Sheet- Graphs SheetProject the “Timeline and Action” plan page of the CPRA guide (page 1) and go through the list of topics covered in the guide.Handout the print outs of all the tools and mention that there will be a group work that will further familiarize them with the tools.Project the data management tool and show them how the dropdown menus work and then present the analysis and graph sheets. This should not take more than 15 minutes.
4Revision and Adaptation of the Tools Data collection tools should be revised based on the context and the local language and the data management tool needs to be adapted accordingly. This process is called “operationalization” and requires: - Desk Review - Translation - Field Testing Note 1: Adaptation process for the data management tool should be done by someone with advanced knowledge of Excel. Note 2: An Information Management expert should be involved throughout revision and adaptation.
5Revision and Adaptation of the Tools (continued) Desk Review Undertaking a Desk Review (DR) is a key and necessary component of the CP Rapid Assessment. Desk Review will help in two ways:Revising and adapting the tools to the local context, andTriangulation and interpretation of data during and after analysis.Ideally, the DR should take place in the preparedness phase and before the final adaptation of the various assessment tools – the DR will provide valuable information to inform the formulation of questions and answer options in the information collection tools.Remember that during the DR, secondary sources such as the National Health Information System will need to be used. Data acquired through such sources are called: secondary data.- A sample Desk Review & Guide will be discussed during the presentation on the CPRA toolExercise: Please take 15 minutes to familiarize yourself with the recommended questions in handout #4. If there are questions that you believe are not a priority in the Eastern Libyan context, mark them. Then the facilitator will go through the entire list with the team (1 minute per question on average) and collectively decide on potential exclusions and additions.
6Revision and Adaptation of the Tools (continued) Translation There are two stages in the process of translating the tools:Actual translation to the target language;This is the process of translating the original tool from English to the target language. This can be done by an interpreter who has knowledge of CP terminology.Operationalization of key phrases.This process requires in depth familiarity with the local context. During this process, cultural, religious, and ethnic sensitivities need to be taken into account. For example, in some cultures, if you ask about someone’s “children”, they will understand that to mean “boys”. Therefore the answer to that question will exclude all girls. In such a context, the question should be change to specifically use the terms “boys and girls” or “sons and daughters.”Ideally, the DR should take place in the preparedness phase and before the final adaptation of the various assessment tools – the DR will provide valuable information to inform the formulation of questions and answer options in the information collection tools.Remember that during the DR, secondary sources such as the National Health Information System will need to be used. Data acquired through such sources are called: secondary data.- A sample Desk Review & Guide will be discussed during the presentation on the CPRA tool
7Revision and Adaptation of the Tools (continued) Field Testing Field testing will provide the assessment team with invaluable information about the context that may not be available otherwise. This will ensure an effective adaptation of the tools that will in turn increase the reliability of the information collected during the assessment. If time and resources do not allow for field testing it can be replaced with mock-interviews with individuals who have in-depth knowledge of the context.Elaborate on mock interviews and mention that the exercise that they will be doing with the tools is very similar to a mock-interview that can be the substitute for field testing.
8Familiarize Yourself with the Tool KII tool—Question types and answer options There are two types of questions presented in this tool:Closed questions, andOpen-ended questionsClosed questions are generally easier to answer. They are also easy to analyze. Yes/No questions are a typical example of closed questions.Open-ended questions typically require more thought. They are relatively difficult to analyze as the answers can be rather unpredictable. Therefore we try to close them by limiting the answer options. To do this, two type of open-ended questions are constructed in the tool:Multiple-choice, andCoded-categoryTake 10 minutes to go through the first 2 pages of handout #2;Refer to page 8 of the guide for more information on the types of questions.
9Familiarize Yourself with the Tool Key Informant Interview (role play) We need two volunteers to role play in front of the class. One will play role of a Key Informant and the other will be an interviewer.The situation is described in handout #7In a role-play, the assessor will ask all the questions in the KI tool and the Key Informant will respond. All participants are required to record the answers based on what they understand. (max 60 min)The assessor together with the facilitator will then go through the questions and verify if everyone marked the same answer options. (max 90 min)If you have any comments about the way questions are phrased, please note them during the role play and raise them during the recap process.
10Familiarize Yourself with the Tool Direct Observation Take 5 minutes to read the first page of Handout #3;The facilitator will go through questions in the stock tool one by one and allow for concerns and questions to be raised;Suggest omissions/additions or change in the language;Throughout this exercise, consider that all the issues covered in the Direct Observation tool should be “observable.” For example, stress is not observable. But a hazardous items such as scrap metal or razor wires are observable.Refer to page 10 of the guide for more on Direct Observation.This process should not take more than 45 minutes.
11Familiarize Yourself with the Tool Site Report The site report template is very similar to the KII stock tool. But it includes some additional questions that come from the DO tool;Supervisors/team leaders are responsible for filling out site reports based on at least 3 KII questionnaires and 1 DO checklist during a debriefing session (more on this in the following session);Take 10 minutes to review the first page of handout #5 and seek clarification if needed.
12Familiarize Yourself with the Tool Data Management Tool (group work) Form groups of 3;Each group should work with one computer;Open the Data Management tool on your assigned computer;Each person should fully fill out at least 1 line of the data entry sheet (feel free to do more if time allows);Please share the file called “CPRA-Data Management Tool-Empty” with all groups.This process should not take more than 30 minutes.