3Flag State / Recognized Organization (RO) relationship Statutory Authorizations delegated to “qualified“ ROs.Contract put into place (MOA).Flag State gains:Global service network coverageTechnical competencies (from design review to decommissioning)Auditing/surveying/inspecting/investigating capabilities in-serviceBroad Surveyor experience
4ROs do non-Statutory, non-Class work too Voluntary certifications (e.g., MLC, 2006)Independent Third Party roles (e.g., SEMS auditing)Verifications, Type Approvals, etc.
5Vetting the RO What is a “qualified” RO? Qualifications established by FlagsRO’s audited by Flags and/or other bodies (EMSA)Sanctions for failure to performRO Code being implemented by IMO
6MLC, 2006 implementationShips inspected and certified by Lloyd’s Register:First MLC certification (statement of voluntary compliance) issued December 2010.Until end of 2012: 117 inspections carried out.Inspections in 2013: Over 3800.Total Inspections: Over 3900.
7Environmental Stewardship Clearly all need to be environmentally sensitive and proactive.Win–Win scenario: More efficient ships not only save operating costsbut also improve the environment.Ship’s Energy Efficiency studies make sense.Much talk about Eco Ship: Fact or Fiction??
8Safety CultureWhat is the culture of an organization?: A mix of shared values, attitudes andpatterns of behavior.A safety culture involves all levels of a company – when in place, everyone wins.Obvious improvements in safety reduce accidents but eventually you reach a plateau.Further improvement involves people who have a direct effect on errors or violations.The key is: do employees actually do what they say?Maximize safety culture:Need visible commitment by managementWorkforce takes ownershipTrust at all levelsGood communicationCompetent work force
9HOT SAFETY TOPIC: LNG as Fuel Safety is key – one incident can have a significant impact that could put a damper on this environmentally and economic fuel.Public Perception: Perception is “reality” (DO NOT UNDER ESTIMATE).Perception differs by location.Examples:LABostonEDUCATE EDUCATE EDUCATE EDUCATE