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Welcome to the Webinar We’ll be starting shortly… Environmental Scanning: what it is and how to do it.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to the Webinar We’ll be starting shortly… Environmental Scanning: what it is and how to do it."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to the Webinar We’ll be starting shortly… Environmental Scanning: what it is and how to do it

2 Maree Conway Thinking Futures

3 ….using futures approaches to integrate strategic thinking into strategy development and planning

4 What ES is and why do it ES and strategy Getting started with ES Back to work

5 IndustryNumber Consulting 31 Education 15 Other 11 Govt-Federal 6 Missing 6 Government - State & Local 4 High Tech - Other3 Advertising/Marketing/PR 2 Aerospace & Defense 2 Banking & Securities 2 Financial Services 2 Hospitality, Travel, Tourism 2 Manufacturing 2 Accounting 1 Energy, Chemical, Utilities 1 Retail 1 Software - Other 1 Telecommunications 1 Transportation & Distribution 1 Experience LevelNumber Total beginner22 Just staring out37 Experienced35

6 What’s your definition of environmental scanning?

7 ES is the art of systematically exploring and interpreting the external environment, to better understand the nature of trends and deep drivers of change and their likely future impact on your organisation.

8 Environmental Scanning (ES) is the foundation for high quality strategic thinking…

9 …that informs the development of futures ready strategy for an organisation.

10 Futures ready strategy is flexible strategy that readies an organisation to respond to the challenges of the future.

11 Quick Survey How many of you have formal scanning systems operational in your organisations?

12 Why a Scanning System? To strengthen the quality of the thinking that goes into your strategy development To let you understand what’s coming and what’s changing and what it means for you To give you enough time to prepare and be proactive To give you a competitive edge To move you beyond busy - out of crisis management mode

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14 Current strategy processes tend to focus on the plan as the major outcome, rather than a shared understanding of your organisation’s preferred future to inform action today.

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16 Improvement action identified/changes to plans identified Making VU 2016: A Statement of Purpose Strategic vision and objectives University Priorities Outcomes & Strategies to implement Unit Strategic Plans Faculties, Schools & Service areas Implementation of University Priority strategies Internal & External Planning Inputs Ongoing environmental scanning Educational & societal trends Government policy drivers Legislation University cross-sectoral strategies Other University Plans (eg OHS, Disability, Staff Equity etc) SPDP: individual Staff Plans Quality Improvement Reviews (QIRs) Approval of operational plans Review of current year ’ s performance Reviewed each year in first half of year Reviewed and updated in August/September; finalised following QIRs in November Held in November each year University Budget Process Iterative process to align budgets and plans Budget sign-off at end September Quarterly Budget Reviews Department Plans Current until 2016 QIR Inputs Organisational Unit QIR Portfolios Faculty Review Outcomes Annual Course Reporting Course Review Subject Evaluation Outcomes AQTF outcomes AUQA Follow up

17 Think tomorrow is going to be more of today

18 Can’t cope with the unexpected

19 Usually don’t explore the long term future

20 Prefer quantitative over qualitative information

21 Don’t challenge assumptions

22 Downplay or dismiss staff beliefs, hopes and fears about the future

23 While the need for planning has never been greater, the relevance of most of today’s planning systems and tools is increasingly marginal (Fuller, 2003).

24 It may well be that the typical strategic planning exercise now conducted on a regular and formal basis and infused with quantitative data misses the essence of the concept of strategy and what is involved in thinking strategically (Sidorowicz, 2000).

25 A major assumption of the strategic planning literature … is that all of these terms [strategy, planning] necessarily go together. [That is] Strategy formation is a planning process, designed or supported by planners, to plan in order to produce plans” (Mintzberg, 1994).

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27 Current strategy processes live in the pragmatic futures realm. Working within the existing paradigm, making it better, but not challenging it. We call it ‘strategic planning’.

28 Beyond strategic planning – to strategy development and implementation. Moving into the progressive futures realm, where we challenge the current paradigm and re-interpret how we do business to meet the challenges of the future.

29 Moving from pragmatic to progressive approaches requires a strong focus on building a high quality strategic thinking capacity in your organisation.

30 We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.

31 ...because what works today will probably not work for those who follow you in the future...

32

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34 If you don’t spend the time to improve the quality of the thinking that goes into your strategic decisions, then you will get superficial, limited and ultimately useless strategy.

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36 So how do we get started with environmental scanning?

37 BIG DEEP LONG

38 BIG

39 Take a big picture, systems perspective…our micro- decisions coalesce to create global futures

40 DEEP

41 Our assumptions encase us in the past.

42 We all have blind spots that cause us to miss important information.

43 LONG

44 Today Future TIME UNCERTAINTY Linear Future Low High The linear future is the one we believe to be true, usually based on untested assumptions Usual Planning Timeframe (3-5 years) Trend

45 Today Future TIME UNCERTAINTY Linear Future Low High Possible Futures Usual Planning Timeframe (3-5 years) Trend

46 Today Future TIME UNCERTAINTY Linear Future Low High Possible Futures Usual Planning Timeframe (3-5 years) Trend

47

48 The Scanning Process

49 Adapted from K. van der Heijden Industry Environment Social Environment Suppliers Clients Competitors Organisation Driving Forces Driving Forces Factors / Trends Issues / Forces Social Technological Economic Ecological Political … Customers Members of Wider Society The External Environment

50 Organisation Industry Learning Educational Gaming Funding Engagement Online Sustainability Vocational Imperative Students Suppliers Stakeholders

51 Organisation Global Industry Technology Lifestyle Values Politics Economy Environment Demographics & generational change Learning Educational Gaming Funding Engagement Online Sustainability Vocational Imperative Globalisation

52 Organisation Global Industry Technology Lifestyle Values Politics Economy Environment Demographics & generational change Learning Educational Gaming Funding Engagement Online Sustainability Vocational Imperative Globalisation Wild card

53

54 Things Happening Trend (grouping of events) Driver (moves trends in certain directions, broad in scope and long term in nature)

55 Trend (grouping of events) Driver (moves trends in certain directions, broad in scope and long term in nature) When you start scanning, you will find lots of things happening Things Happening

56

57 Trend (grouping of events) Driver (moves trends in certain directions, broad in scope and long term in nature) Gradually, you will be able to group similar ‘hits’ into broader categories – trends. Things Happening

58 But it might still feel like this – a bit of a maze to try and work your way through …

59 Trend (grouping of events) Driver (moves trends in certain directions, broad in scope and long term in nature) What we are really interested in exploring is what is driving these trends. Things Happening

60 And this is where the connections between the trends will surface and it will start to make sense.

61 Who Scans?

62 Scanning is not a solitary activity…

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64 Where to Look?

65 Emerging Issues Trends Mainstream Time Number of cases; degree of public awareness Few cases, local focus Global, multiple dispersed cases, trends and megatrends Adapted from the work of Graham Molitor and Wendy Schultz, and Everett Rogers Innovators Early adopters Late Adopters Late Majority Laggards Today Time from emerging issue to mainstream varies between years

66 Emerging Issues Trends Mainstream Time Number of cases; degree of public awareness Scientists, artists, radicals, mystics Newspapers, magazines, websites, journals, blogs Government Institutions Few cases, local focus Global, multiple dispersed cases, trends and megatrends Adapted from the work of Graham Molitor and Wendy Schultz, and Everett Rogers Innovators Early adopters Late Adopters Late Majority Laggards Today Time from emerging issue to mainstream varies between years

67 Emerging Issues Trends Mainstream Time Number of cases; degree of public awareness Scientists, artists, radicals, mystics Newspapers, magazines, websites, journals, blogs Government Institutions Few cases, local focus Global, multiple dispersed cases, trends and megatrends Adapted from the work of Graham Molitor and Wendy Schultz, and Everett Rogers Innovators Early adopters Late Adopters Late Majority Laggards Today Time from emerging issue to mainstream varies between years Most scanning takes place here

68 Emerging Issues Trends Mainstream Time Number of cases; degree of public awareness Scientists, artists, radicals, mystics Newspapers, magazines, websites, journals,blogs Government Institutions Few cases, local focus Global, multiple dispersed cases, trends and megatrends Adapted from the work of Graham Molitor and Wendy Schultz, and Everett Rogers Innovators Early adopters Late Adopters Late Majority Laggards Today Time from emerging issue to mainstream varies between years But we need to look on the fringe as well

69 Newspapers, twitter, websites, blogs, wikis, podcasts, videos, news sites, newsletter, magazines, books, book reviews, presentations, reports, surveys, interviews, seminars, chat rooms, trend observers, advertisers, philosophers sociologists, management gurus, consultants, researchers, experts, universities. Where to look… Shaping Tomorrow

70 If you’re looking for new ideas that don’t yet exist, don’t talk to normal people because they’re just consuming what is available today – find the weirdos and see what they are doing, what they’re making on their own, and say gee – is there something I can mainstream from this? Tom Kelly Founder, Ideo

71 Whatever takes you away from conventional thinking… Trends Emerging Issues The weird and unimaginable

72 Shaping Tomorrow Trendwatching Brain Reserve Now and Next The Tomorrow Project Strategic Business Insights Arlington Institute Some Scanning Sites

73 What is happening today with your issue? What are other people saying about its evolution over time? How credible are they? Looking for…

74 Don’t dismiss the outliers…

75 New, first Idea Change Surprise Opportunity Threat Diversity of perspectives Looking for…

76 Ideally, a scan hit identifies an emerging issue that is objectively new even to experts, confirms or is confirmed by additional scan hits, and that has been identified in time for social dialogue, impact assessment, and policy formation. Wendy Schultz, Infinite Futures 2004 Looking for…

77 What are the major driving forces? What big surprises are on the horizon? What are possible discontinuities (wildcards)? What are the sources of inspiration and hope? As you scan… Richard Slaughter, Foresight International

78 If you think …‘that’s rubbish’, stop. First, ask why do I think it’s rubbish? Second, take another look. Third, ask what would enable you to accept it as possible? Scan to see if that is happening. As you scan…

79 Classifying Hits

80 Social Technological Economic Environmental Political STEEP or add in Values to make it VERY STEEP (VSTEEP)* *Marcus Barber, Looking Up, Feeling Good

81 When is a hit useful?

82 Does the hit help you understand your issue? Does the hit identify a new way of seeing the issue? Does the hit help you to explore trends and their potential impacts? Shaping Tomorrow

83 Does the hit aim to identify and assess possible future threats and opportunities, including radical alternatives? Does the hit challenge existing assumptions underpinning current polices and practice? Shaping Tomorrow

84 Ultimately, you need to trust your intuition – your expertise, knowledge and insight is the best gauge of usefulness. But, remember your blind spots!

85 Recording and Sharing Hits

86 Title Summary Source and date published Initial assessment of implications Tag/VSTEEP category What to Record

87 For example (taken from SCAN, a publication by Strategic Business Insights) Streaming Video and Security (Information Week Daily 26 November 2001), describes the shift of Packet Video (a developer of video streaming technology) from consumer to security applications. The company’s technology could provide live feeds from the cockpits of hijacked planes.

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89 Reporting Your Findings

90 A snapshot report of the external environment. A background paper for the strategic planning cycle. Regular trend reports on single trends. More detailed quarterly reports on implications of trends and drivers. Quick snippets about what you are finding. Rating the hits – staff involvement. In all cases, add in trigger questions to prompt discussion/conversation.

91 What impact might it have on your industry today and in the future? What might be the implications for your organisation? How might you respond?

92 How, and in what ways, could this information be relevant to my organisation?

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94 Reporting Template Examples

95 Back to Work

96 Never underestimate your influence. Make it part of your deliverables. Look for ‘friendlies’. Start local.

97 Andy Hines, An Audit for Organizational Futurists: 10 Questions Every Organizational Futurist Should be Able to Answer, 2003 Have good organisational diagnostics: can smell the cheese, but will jump ship. Get it, and can use the system – very rare. Don’t bother – they are waiting for you to fail! They will follow you blindly – just like lemmings!

98 Long term Uncertain Divergent Incomplete Beyond linear Disruption

99 Challenges: Info Overload

100 Challenges: Stretching Your Thinking

101 Challenges: Finding the Time

102 Unconscious Implicit Solitary Organisational Scanning Conscious Explicit Collective Individual Scanning

103 The aim of scanning work is to provide robust information that strengthens your understanding of your organisation’s long term context… …to enable you to make wise strategic decisions today.

104 We do scanning to avoid having this perspective on the future…

105 Enjoy your scanning!

106

107 Download Building Strategic Futures Guides: –Getting Started with Futures –Environmental Scanning strategic-futures-guides/

108 Contact Details Maree Conway Tel: Mobile: Skype: mkconway1 Shaping Tomorrow Foresight Network

109 Please complete the satisfaction survey and thank you for attending!


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