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Czech Republic. Basic information Area: 78,867 km 2 Population: 10.5 mil Capital city: Prague Parts: Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia Language: Czech Minorities:

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Presentation on theme: "Czech Republic. Basic information Area: 78,867 km 2 Population: 10.5 mil Capital city: Prague Parts: Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia Language: Czech Minorities:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Czech Republic

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3 Basic information Area: 78,867 km 2 Population: 10.5 mil Capital city: Prague Parts: Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia Language: Czech Minorities: Slovak, Polish, German, Ukrainian, Gypsy

4 Symbols Flag Coat of arms Anthem – “Where is my home”

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8 Geography Borders with Germany (the longest), Austria, Slovakia and Poland The highest peak: Sněžka 1,602 m in the Giant Mountains Mountains: the Eagle Mountains, the Beskydy Mountains, the Jizerské Mountains, the Jeseníky, Bohemian Forest Rivers: The Elbe, The Vltava, The Morava, The Oder

9 Geography National parks: Krkonoše, Šumava, Podyjí, Bohemian Switzerland Lakes: Black (Šumava), Čertovo (Plzeň), Laka (Šumava), Plešné (Šumava) Ponds: Rožmberk (Třeboň, the largest pond of the world), Svět (Třeboň), Bezdrev (České Budějovice, 3.)

10 Political system The Czech Republic is a parliamentary state It is divided into executive power (government, president), legislative power (parliament) and judicial power (courts) Government: Prime minister: Petr Nečas Deputy prime minister: Karel Schwanzerberg, Karolína Peake 14 Ministers President: Václav Klaus

11 Political system Parliament: Chamber of deputies 200 Members of parliament (elected for 4 years) the Speaker: Miroslava Němcová elections: every 4th year Senate 81 senators (for 6 years) the Speaker: Milan Štěch elections: every 2nd year 1/3 of the senate

12 Political parties: Civil Democratic Party (ODS) - the right, Petr Nečas The Tradition, Responsibility, Prosperity (Top 09) - the right, Karel Schwanzerberg The Public Affairs (VV) - the middle, Radek John The Christian Democratic Union - the Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL) – the middle, Pavel Bělobrádek Czech Social Democratic Party(ČSSD)- the left, Bohuslav Sobotka The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) - the left, Vojtěch Filip Political system

13 President: Václav Klaus Elected for 5 years Presidential veto Amnesty Chief of Czech Army

14 UNESCO Český Krumlov Kutná hora Lednice-Valtice area Village monument preservation area Holašovice Chateau and gardens in Kroměříž Villa Tugendhat in Brno

15 UNESCO Litomyšl - castle Olomouc – Pole of Plague Prague - historical centre Telč - historical centre Třebíč- St. Prokop's basilic and Jewish quarter Ždár nad Sázavou - St. John Nepomuk's church

16 St. John Nepomuk's church Zelená hora, Žďár nad Sázavou It's in baroque style The architect was John Blažej Santini- Aichl The church looks like a star (legend)

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18 Villa Tugendhat The architect – Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Icon of modernism Example of functionalism Iron, window, geometric shapes, luxurious materials, modern technology, space and light The split of Czechoslovakia was signed here by V. Klaus and V. Mečiar

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20 Brno The second largest city Population: 379,000 Rivers: The Svitava, The Svratka Center of higher education (33 faculties, 89,000 students) Sites: Špilberk Castle, Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, Veveří Castle

21 Ostrava The city with the worst air Ostrava is famous with its coal mines You can visit mine Landek museum The city has got three big shopping centres (Avion, Futurum and New Karolina) In the centre there is Masaryk's square, where is a famous Chrismas market and next to the square there is a cathedral.

22 Špilberk Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul

23 Veveří

24 Coin Masaryk University Campus VI

25 Moravia Is one of historical Czech lands The biggest cities are: Brno, Olomouc, Ostrava, Opava, Frýdek-Místek, Český Těšín, Karviná, Havířov and Zlín The border between Moravia and Bohemia are Eagle Mountains, Czech-Moravian Highlands, Jihlava South Moravia is famous for wine (Pálava), there are also many interesting landmarks (Lednice, Valtice, etc.) and regions, e.g. Slovácko North Moravia has got nice mountains In a coat of arms, there is an eagle with red and white chessboard on a blue field

26 Silesia Is the smalest historical land of the Czech Republic It is situated in the north of Moravia, on the border with Poland In coat of arms, there is a black eagle on gold field

27 Sport In Czechia the most popular sports are football and ice hockey In the last world championship in ice hockey we got a bronze medal A lot of Czech sportsmen play all around the world

28 Transport Trains – very popular, relatively cheap, people use them mainly for longer distances Buses (Veolia, Student Agency) - quite expensive, for a schort ways (to school,work) also long ways, comfortable Airplanes - expensive, international flights, Václav Havel Airport Praha, Leoš Janáček Airport Mošnov, Brno- Tuřany, Karlova Vary Taxi Motorways

29 Nature Czech Republic has very beautiful nature and also very well marked trails (with Slovakia the best in the world) There are also a lot of castles, rocks, caves and mountains Forests are our richness

30 Pravčická gate

31 Pánská rock

32 Adršpach

33 Šumava

34 Giant Mountains

35 Bozkovské dolomitové jeskyně

36 Famous people Karel Čapek – – writer, translator – journalist, dramatist – invented word ROBOT

37 Famous people Otto Wichterle – 1913 – 1998 – scientist, invertor – invented contact lenses and nylon

38 Famous people Emil Zátopek - athlete, won medal in Helsinki in 1952

39 Famous people Antonín Dvořák - composer, Slavonic dances, Nymph

40 Tomas: Czech Republic is my home and I like the nature, rich history, but people are sometimes horrible because there are a lot of thieves and corruption. Martin: Czech Republic has beautiful nature and that‘s the reason why I feel here good. We have also a lot of nice castles, towns and the best beer in the world.

41 Questions for class Three parts of czech political system? Do you know some presidential rights? What does it mean the Speaker in czech? Five UNESCO landmarks? Who wrote Nymph? Example of 2 nature monuments


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