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1 Title of Presentation Subtitle/other information 1 EU-ASEAN S&T cooperation to jointly tackle societal challenges Innovative Innovation in: Philippines STI Days, Bangkok, 21 Jan 2014 Session: Innovation in ASEAN Svend Remoe, RCN

2 I. Context: Key indicators Indicator Population size (mill) GDP*3,963,8734,316,4025,444,0386,648,6197,678,917 Total R&D exp*5,769,755,909,756,362,327,556,368,779 GERD0,150,140,120,11 Public R&D exp*1,6151,5842,2682,6603,138 Business R&D exp*4,1544,3254,0584,8955,641 Total R&D pers**9,32513,48814,08714,64916,673 No of researchers**7,2038,86610,69011,49013,091 Researchers pr mill pop

3 Context: Overall picture Strengths: – Macro-economic stability and growth – Technological readiness in many sectors – Market size – Business sophistication and R&D in some sectors – Increasing participation in global value chains Weaknesses – Quality of institutions and infrastructure – Education and human capital – Commodity and labor market efficiency – Low levels of tax revenues 3

4 Context: Policy Filipinnovation: A comprehensive strategic approach to enhance innovation and competitiveness in Philippines Initiated in 2007 with high-level support, mixed integration in policy, key network still in place Key objectives: – Strengthening human capital – Supporting business incubation and acceleration – Regenerating the innovation environment – Upgrading the Filipino mindset An important policy initiative: The technology transfer act – A response to weak patenting and tech transfer – Enacted in – Assumes ownership to RDIs rather than the funding institutions – Has proved to be an important, well supported policy in line with Filipinovation 4

5 II. Innovative innovation support: CoEs and CoDs 5

6 Innovative innovation support: ERDT Engineering Research and Development for Technology Spearheaded by the University of Philippines, and has a set of specific objectives: – Deliver high-impact research aligned with the country’s National Science and Technology Plan (NSTO) and the Medium-Term Development Program (MTDP); – Attain a critical mass of Master and Doctoral graduates; – Upgrade the qualifications of practicing engineers; – Develop a culture of research and development. ERDT offers scholarships to students, and – Represent a dedicated effort to boost the science and engineering capacity through training of graduates in doing research in science and engineering fields. – Entry to the program is based on a competitive process to ensure that the best students are recruited. – Cooperation with universities in Japan and USA 6

7 Innovative innovation support: The Balik program How to benefit from the vast number of expats? The Balik program: foreign-based Filipino scientists and foreign scientists of Filipino descent are invited to return on short term stays to assist in priority R&D projects. It aims to strengthen the scientific and technological human resources And upgrade R&D capabilities of private and public institutions. Balik complements national initiatives to improve the human capital situation and helps expand networks and S&T linkages nationally and internationally. 7

8 III. Conclusions The three instruments address key challenges for the Filipino innovation system: The human capital and the education system Wider support to innovation is needed But meets with a heavy challenge: A very large informal economy How can Philippines expand its innovation system, its formal economy and investment capabilities? 8

9 Contact Research Council of Norway Svend Remoe 9 The final study will be available at: in June 2014 Thank you!


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