Presentation on theme: "Barbie Brashear Amy Smith Harris County Domestic Violence Coordinating Council Understanding Intimate Partner Violence Intimate Partner ViolenceUnderstanding."— Presentation transcript:
Barbie Brashear Amy Smith Harris County Domestic Violence Coordinating Council Understanding Intimate Partner Violence Intimate Partner ViolenceUnderstanding
An estimated 1.3 million women are victims 85% of domestic violence victims are women. Females who are years of age are at the greatest risk Most cases of domestic violence are never reported to the police. 1 in 4 women and 1 in 7 men have experienced severe physical violence by an intimate partner. Nearly ½ of all women and men in the U.S. have experienced psychological aggression by an intimate partner in their lifetime. 30% to 60% of perpetrators of intimate partner violence also abuse children in the household.
Healthy Relationships Value Systems : A sense of belonging Boundaries: Members speak freely, no fear of retaliation or punishment Freedom of Expression: Members share lively discussions and love is not withdrawn due to differences Unhealthy Relationships Rigid or nonexistent, unaccepting of differing views Individuals are isolated with little community connection Pressure to hide feelings to avoid adversity
Organizing and Negotiating Skills: Members discuss differences and little stress exists Warmth, Joy and Humor: Members share happy experiences and good humor which allow them to feel at ease Individuals argue repeatedly and structure is based on control Individuals have little or no shared, happy memories and feel as though no one cares. They do not seek to comfort others and have humor at the expense of others
Definition of IPV- Intimate Partner Violence Definition of IPV- Intimate Partner Violence
One Hit InsultsInsults Restricting Money Chronic Battering IntimidationIntimidation A pattern of coercive behavior which must include physical aggression or threat, commonly accompanied by other forms of controlling behavior that adults or adolescents use against their intimate partners. (Kemp A., 1998)
Power and Control
Tyrannical Offender Aggression, intimidation, verbal abuse, physical assault to control and dominate Intention to frighten, intimidate and punish Feels justified or understandable due to frustration and anger Tendency to minimize his violence by admitting to having committed verbal abuse, denial and shift of blame Describes partner as being submissive and careful around him
Exploder Offender Experiences violence as being out of control, sudden, explosive Typically in response to partner criticism or challenge Uses violence to silent partner Acknowledge use of violence but blames partner for provoking him
Quick Involvement Relationship Enmeshment- “You are all I need and if you love me, I am all you need” Isolation Excessive Rule Making Rigid Gender Roles Jealousy Animal Cruelty No accountability for feelings and behaviors
History of battering and sexual violence Using force during an argument Breaking or striking objects Cruelty to children Negative attitude toward women Drugs and alcohol abuse (never an excuse)
Advocacy Program Landlord/HRA Notified Warning Given Eviction Hearing Sheriff Evicts 911 Call Squads Investigate ArrestNo Arrest Arrest Report Non-Arrest Report Jail Arraignment Hearing No Contact Order Conditions of Release Pre-Trial/ Hearing TrialSentencingMonitoring/ Probation Files OFP Seeks Shelter Ex Parte Granted Sheriff Serves Respondent Ex Parte Denied Judge Reviews Civil Court Hearing Initial Intervention Unit Contacted Child Protection Screening CP Investigation Child Welfare Assessment Child Maltreatment Assessment Law Enforcement Notified Risk Assessment Service Plan Safety Plan CP Case Mgmt CD Assessment Psych/Mental Health Parenting Education Visitation Individual/Family Therapy DV Classes Emergency Placement EPC Hearing Safety Assessment CHIPS COURT Court Oversees and Sanctions Plan Child Placement OFP Granted OFP Denied Reliefs Granted OFP Filed Supervised Exchange/ Visitation Files for Divorce Family Court Hearing Final Divorce Hearing Custody Evaluation Interviews by Evaluator Custody Awarded Child Support Established Custody Hearing Temporary Custody
Stages of Behavioral Change Pre-contemplation Pre-contemplation He loves me and the kids. It’s my fault. He loves me and the kids. It’s my fault. Contemplation Contemplation I am scared for myself and my kids. I am scared for myself and my kids. Where can I go for help? Where can I go for help? Prochaska JO, 1997 Zimmerman GL et al, 2000
Stages of Behavioral Change Preparation Preparation I need an escape plan I need an escape plan Action Action I am out of here! I am out of here! Prochaska JO, 1997 Zimmerman GL et al, 2000
Stages of Behavioral Change Maintenance Maintenance Prochaska JO, 1997 Zimmerman GL et al, 2000 I will survive. I can support my family and found friends to help.
Immediate risk: “If you return home, will you or your children be in immediate physical danger?” Child Abuse: “Is your partner hurting or threatening your children?” Stage of readiness for change: “What type of assistance would you like?” “Are there any changes you would like to make?” “What steps would help you towards those goals?” “What actions are you ready to take?” Suicide: “Have you had suicidal thoughts in response to your situation?” Social Work Assessment: Social Work Assessment: SW
FEARFEAR $$$$$$$$ ReligionReligion
BlameBlame ShameShame ChildrenChildren
The impact of IPV on Children
Child Maltreatment Occurs in 33-77% of families in which there is abuse of an adult Children of battered mothers 6-15 times more likely to be abused Approximately 1 Million Children Maltreated Approximately 2 Million Women Abused 30-60% DHHS, 1998 and Tjaden & Theones, 1998, In Harm’s Way: Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment THE OVERLAP
Two kinds of difficult decisions. First, how will she protect herself and her children from the physical dangers posed by her partner? Second, how will she provide for her children?
Effects on Children:
Medical Services Law Enforcement Other Social Services Criminal Justice SurvivorsSurvivors DFPSDFPS DV Services RESOURCES:RESOURCES:
Listen to the victim and believe her. Tell her she is not alone and that help is available. Let her know that without intervention, abuse often escalates in frequency and severity over time. Seek expert assistance. Suggesting that she merely return home places her and her children in real danger.
Hold the abuser accountable. Don't minimize his abusive behavior. Support him in seeking specialized batterers counseling to help change his behavior. Continue to hold him accountable and to support and protect the victim even after he has begun a counseling program.
Barbie Brashear Amy Smith HCDVCC www.hcdvcc.org Barbie Brashear Amy Smith HCDVCC www.hcdvcc.org