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Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Fiscal Transparency Brazilian Initiatives Oct,

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Presentation on theme: "Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Fiscal Transparency Brazilian Initiatives Oct,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Fiscal Transparency Brazilian Initiatives Oct, London, UK Welles Matias de Abreu Assistant Federal Budget Secretary, Substitute

2 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Summary  Brazilian Budgeting Framework  Main Brazilian Initiatives on: Fiscal Transparency Participation  Brazilian Participatory Budgeting Process

3 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Brazilian Budgeting Framework Plan (PPA, LDO and LOA) Government Agencies Planning Ministry Republic Presidency Legislative Do Government Agencies No Gov. Organizations Check Internal Audit External Audit Public Ministry Judiciary PUBLICPOLICESRESPONSABILITY TRANSPARENCY DEVELOPMENT Social Participation

4 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Fiscal Education for Children Main Issue: How does the government spend the taxes?  2007 – Created the Public Budget Primer: “Sofinha and her team”  2008 – Began the implementation of the “Sofinha and her team” primer on Public Schools;  2009 – Sofinha Brochure became available on SOF website; and  2010 – “Talk to Sofinha” on the SOF website. “over 60,000 copies distributed in Brazil” Fiscal Transparency

5 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Budgeting Courses to Society Budgeting Courses to Society SOF Virtual School SOF Virtual School Objective: Transfer knowledge through the Internet. Target Audience: Federal, State and Municipal civil servants and society.  Courses currently offered: Basic Course on Public Budgeting (no tutoring) Public Budgeting Course (with mentoring) Guidelines Budget law (LDO) for municipalities (no tutoring)  ead.orcamentofederal.gov.br (Moodle) ead.orcamentofederal.gov.br Example: Basic course on public budgeting Modules: What is the Public Budget, Legal Framework, Understanding the Budget Cycle; Civil Society Participation (8 hours) Fiscal Transparency

6 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Federal Budget For Everyone: Federal Budget For Everyone:Premisses:  Understandable language  Relevant Informations to Society  Clarify concepts already established (GDP, inflation, etc)  An exercise of communication to Society Document that synthesizes the Budget Proposal for 2012 Document that synthesizes the Budget Proposal for 2012 IBP included this initiative in 2012 research IBP included this initiative in 2012 research (Brazilian Citizen Budget) Fiscal Transparency

7 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat  SIOP – Executive Budget System (including in RDF format) SIOPRDFformat  SIGA Brasil – Legislative Budget System SIGA Brasil  Portal Transparência – Public Spending Details Portal Transparência Brazilian Budget Open Data Fiscal Transparency

8 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Brazilian Participatory institutions Mechanisms of Individual Participation: Mechanisms of Individual Participation:  Ombudsmen (call centers or internet) to complaints, evaluating the quality, mediations or express their level of satisfaction  About 95% of the municipalities and states have ombudsmen  Directly (maybe with systems supported) to ask and make opinions about budget laws in executive and legislative processes  PPA (Plural Annual Plan Law); Ex.: Open debates at all states of Brazil about public policies.  LDO (Budget Directives/Priorities Law): Ex.: Open suggestions by system (SIOP and E-Democracia) for society.  LOA (Annual Budget Law). Ex.: Demands for allocations of spends in specifics public policies (Council policies and legislative adjustments). Font:http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/index.php?optio n=com_content&view=article&id=10761&Itemid=2 Participation

9 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat Brazilian Participatory institutions (cont.) Collective and Cooperative Processes: Collective and Cooperative Processes:  Public conferences  Public policies councils  Social groups and forums  Civil servants and society representatives who work in these deliberative meetings. In some cases, regulated by federal law  The Presidency of the Republic monitors these processes Presidency of the Republic Presidency of the Republic  For example: CONSOCIAL - National Conference on Transparency and Social Control, CDES - Economic and Social Development Council, and CEFEMEA - Studies and Advice Feminist Center CONSOCIAL - National Conference on Transparency and Social ControlCDES - Economic and Social Development CouncilCEFEMEA - Studies and Advice Feminist CenterCONSOCIAL - National Conference on Transparency and Social ControlCDES - Economic and Social Development CouncilCEFEMEA - Studies and Advice Feminist Center Font:http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/index.php?optio n=com_content&view=article&id=10761&Itemid=2 Participation

10 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat BRAZILIAN PARTICIPATORY BUDGETING PROCESS...as:... a human right;... a policy of state;... a governmental method.

11 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat SOCIAL PARTICIPATION HOW CITIZENS CAN ENGAGE IN BRAZIL?  Government providing information to the citizen (all cases);  Government initiating consultation with the citizen to solicit their feedback on issues that might concern them (many cases); and  Citizens engaging in decision-making more integrally (some cases).

12 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat STATE-SOCIETY INTERACTIONS ANNUAL PERCENTAGE of governmental programs and institutions with some form of State-society interaction Source: IPEA.gov.br (2012)% of programs with interaction% of institutions with interaction Theme classes of public programs Interaction types DE - economic development Rgi - stakeholders meetings PS - social protection Dcs - council discussion Dcf - conferences Inf - Infrastructure CP - public consultation AP - public audiences MA - environmentOv - hearing offices Ot - others Source: IPEA.gov.br (2012) SPATIAL ASSOCIATON between policy types and interaction types

13 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat COUNCILS - examples Social and economic development Human Rights Cooperative economy Traditional communities HealthSexual diversityImmigrationUrban development Social assistanceDisabilityCivil defenseIndigenous policies EnvironmentChildhoodPublic transparencyHydro resources Food securityElderly Penitentiary policies Tourism Social security(against) Slave laborPublic securitySports Culture(against) Child laborDrug policies Fishing & aquiculture EducationYouth policiesWomen rightsEnergy policies Science & technology Racial equityRural developmentWork & employment

14 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat CONFERENCES NUMBER OF NATIONAL CONFERENCES (by year) Source: General-Secretariat of Presidency of Republic - Brazil

15 Ministry of Planning Federal Budget Secretariat HOW TO MOVE FROM POLICIES TO PRACTICES OF PARTICIPATION? 1 - developing a favorable environment to participation; 2 - trust-building; 3 - researching and mapping what is already being done; 4 - understanding and respecting communitarian and popular forms of participation; 5 - designing participation policies based on your own reality; 6 - stimulating passion and desire to participate; 7 - begging the question: Must successful practices come from regulatory framework or maybe it can be the opposite way? There must be an institutionalization in all the cases? 8 - being always open to learn, as are we all here. EXAMPLE OF RESULTS RELATED WITH THE INCREASE OF TRANSPARENCY AND PARTICIPATORY INITIATIVES

16 “Valuing Democracy” Development with Fiscal Responsibility and Transparency Thank You! Federal Budget Secretariat Phone: Development + Equality +Participation “a country for everyone” “a rich country is a country without misery”


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