APL de Moveis de Ubá Design Inovador e Sustentável para Todos
Historical The 60's: Installation of two enterprises, Parma and Itatiaia, beggining of the cluster; The 70’s: Parma Group was closed, 1200 people went unemployed, and then hundreds of small companies were opened; The 90's: Foundation of INTERSIND and consolidation of the cluster.
Characteristics of the cluster Zona da Mata Region: 178 mi from BH and RJ; 348 formal establishments; 92% are micro and small enterprises (less than US$ 1,7mi annual revenue); 11.331 formal jobs; INTERSIND has 120 members Important players: FIEMG, SENAI, SEBRAE, UFJF, UFV e UEMG The competitive advantage of the cluster are affordable price, quality and design.
APL Calçados e Bolsas da Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte Abril - 12
Historical The 60's: The creation of the Art and Craft Fair stimulated the development of the sector; The 70’s: Consolidation of the region of Belo Horizonte as fashion design hub; The 80's: Some companies in the cluster changed their production: focus on more sophisticated products.
Characteristics of the Cluster Metropolitan Area of Belo Horizonte; 257 formal establishments; 2.427 direct jobs; 98% are micro and small enterprises (less than US$ 1,7mi annual revenue); 50% are familiar business and 12,7% are individual entrepreneurs; Important players: FIEMG, SENAI, SEBRAE, UEMG, UFMG e Fumec The competitive advantage of the Cluster is the history of design and innovation.
APL de Eletroeletrônico Santa Rita do Sapucaí, Itajubá e Pouso Alegre “Desenvolvedor de soluções inovadoras e integradas.”
The "Dona Sinha" of Electronic Valley In 1959 - The Technical School of Electronics was founded. Santa Rita do Sapucaí Main City 120 years 40 k inhabitants Historical
o 142 industries with a focus on electronics o 9.600 jobs in the sector o 13.700 products in the segment o R$ 1,7 billion in 2011 (annual revenue); Competitive Advantages: o Skilled labor through educational institutions o Laboratory of research and development o Government Incentives Characteristics of the Cluster
APL de Fundições de Divinópolis, Itaúna e Cláudio “Produtividade sustentável com produtos de valor agregado.”
Historical The 20’s: Beginning of the Cluster, the first company was founded; The 40’s: After 22 years, the first steel mill was founded, the Cia Mineira Siderúrgica; The 70’s: The industrial district was founded in Divinópolis.
Characteristics of the Cluster Mid-West of Minas Gerais: 123 mi from BH e 318 mi from SP; 95% are micro and small enterprises (less than US$ 1,7 mi annual revenue); SIFUMG has 134 members; 4.500 formal jobs; 160 k tons of melt products per year Important players: FIEMG, SENAI, SEBRAE, ASIMEC, MDIC. Competitive Advantage: Proximity to the industry source its main raw material, ferro gusa(pig iron), and the density of labor in the region.
Historical The fruit sector in Northern of the state of Minas Gerais started in the 60's, bananas and grapes were the first experiences; The modernizing character of the Jaiba Irrigation Project (70’s), provided great conditions and opportunities to the region to develop the fruit sector ; Others public investments in irrigation schemes also contributed to the sector growth (Gorutuba and Lagoa Grande); Since 2002 the fruit sector in Northern of the state of Minas Gerais has been strongly supported by many Institutions.
16 Main Cultures Banana Manga Limão Maracujá Uva Mamão Abacaxi Goiaba Melancia Total Area (thousand/há) 2010 12.500 Há 5.000 Há 2.400 Há 299 Há 399 Há 800 Há 191 Há 181 Há 977 Há 27 thousand/há San Francisco River North of Minas Gerais Irrigated area: Potential: 70 thousand hectares Current: 27 thousand hectares, main culture a banana, with 12 thousand hectares Total production: In 2011: US$ 360k/ton Distance to major markets*: –Brasília –Belo Horizonte –Rio de Janeiro –São Paulo Distance from ports *: –Porto de Vitória –Porto de Ilhéus –Porto de Salvador - 433 mi - 396 mi - 657 mi - 743 mi - 709 mi - 546 mi - 607 mi Characteristics of the Cluster
Characteristics of the cluster Location: Nothern region of the state of Minas Gerais Cities: Jaíba, Janaúba, Matias Cardoso, Verdelândia, Nova Porteirinha, Montes Claros e Pirapora Main City: Jaíba Number of producers: 3.500 (2011) Size of producers: 30% small (up to 10 hectares), 50% average (11-50 hectares) and 20% big (above 50 hectares) Jobs: about 20.000 direct jobs and 40.000indirect (2010) Destination of Production: Brasília, Minas Gerais, São Paulo e Rio de Janeiro
APL de Biotecnologia da Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte
Historical The 70's: Beginning of the Biotechnology Cluster in the Metro area of Belo Horizonte, along with biotechnology research in Brazil; The 90's: changing in the mindset of the companies and government - from protectionism to competitiveness due to the liberalization of the Brazilian economy; 2000’s: challenges and opportunities for the Cluster. Biotechnology sector is a priority.
Characteristics of the cluster Metro area of Belo Horizonte; 5 k direct and indirect jobs; 25% firms have less than 4 years; 75% of these companies are small; 2/3 of the firms interact closely with universities; Important players: FIEMG, SEBRAE, SECTES, SEDE, AMBIOTEC, BIOMINAS, SINDUSFARQ, UFMG, MDIC. The competitive advantage of the cluster is the quality of educational and research institutions which develop knowledge and technologies.