Presentation on theme: "Social Health Protection The view from the Pan-American Health Organization Ruben Torres Manager Area of Health Systems based on Preventive Health Care."— Presentation transcript:
Social Health Protection The view from the Pan-American Health Organization Ruben Torres Manager Area of Health Systems based on Preventive Health Care Public Health Policy and Research Project Coordinator Inter-American Social Protection Network (IASPN) Technical Consolidation Meeting, August 10 and 11, 2011 Mexico City, Mexico
GDP Growth-2003/2009 Selected countries source: ECLAC
Trend in Public Social Spending and Total Public Spending as a % of GDP 1990-2008 (18 LAC countries)
Public Social Spending by sector 1990-2007 (in % of GDP-21 countries Fuente: CEPAL Fuente: CEPAL, sobre la base de información proveniente de la base de datos sobre gasto social de la Comisión. a Promedio ponderado de los países, excluida Nicaragua. b La información disponible no permite separar ambas partidas de gasto. Según antecedentes de estudios nacionales, la seguridad social representaría alrededor de 78% del monto de recursos aquí consignados.
Selected countries in America PRIVATE SPENDING in HEALTH (OOP and PP) (PPP int $) (Organized by TOTAL EXPENSE) Fuente: NHA-WHO 2007
Private Insurance Expenditure & Income Per Capita
The way to universal coverage LIMITED PUBLIC FUNDING PRIVATE SPENDING PREVAILS INCREASE PUBLIC FUNDING (insurance,etc.) PRIVATE INSURANCE COVERS OTHER SEGMENTS OF THE POPULATION MOST OF THE POPULATION COVERED BY MEANS OF PUBLIC FUNDING PLANS PRIVATE INSURANCE OFFERS SECONDARY COVERAGE (complementary or supplementary) PUBLIC FUNDING PRIVATE FUNDING
Regulations What and how much to regulate? Single regulatory framework for the public and private system? Objectives of regulation and externalities.
Three dimensions of progress toward universal coverage
International Comparison of Tax Burden 1980/2005
Effect of out of pocket spending on catastrophic spending and impoverishment
Distribution of health expenditure 30% or more than tri-monthly available income, per household & income
"name": "Distribution of health expenditure 30% or more than tri-monthly available income, per household & income
LATIN AMERICA : IMPACT OF REDISTRIBUTING PÚBLICO SOCIAL SPENDING ACCORDING TO QUINTILES OF PRIMARY INCOME (in percentages) Public social spending exerts important influence on welfare of the poorest segment… Fuente: CEPAL, sobre la base de estudios nacionales. a/ 18 países. Promedio ponderado por la significación del gasto en el ingreso primario de cada país.
Social Factors Determining Health Equity & Health in all policies Good Global Governance Gender Equity Empowerment (Inclusion & voice) Market Responsibility Adequate Financing Early-childhood dev. Education Healthy environment Adequate employment Social protection Universal health care Conditions in which people are born, raised, live, work and age
Level of income in countries and deaths at ages 0-4 and over 60. Source: Deaton (2006).
Social Obsolescence Social Obsolescence: Inadequate attention to people’s needs: high-tech services that are expensive and inaccessible Inadequate attention to people’s needs: high-tech services that are expensive and inaccessible
Components of the growth in health expenditure California HealthCare Foundation, 2010.
Accelerated production of health technology Healthcare market and introduction of technological innovation “De-medicalization” of initially medical technological resources Regulation and Evaluation of health technology Technology as problem