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Labour market: EU versus Japan Bebjaková Silvia Guttmannová Lívia Chupáčová Veronika Szabóová Silvia Valdner Martin.

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Presentation on theme: "Labour market: EU versus Japan Bebjaková Silvia Guttmannová Lívia Chupáčová Veronika Szabóová Silvia Valdner Martin."— Presentation transcript:

1 Labour market: EU versus Japan Bebjaková Silvia Guttmannová Lívia Chupáčová Veronika Szabóová Silvia Valdner Martin

2 Labour market: EU versus Japan EU & Japan Population of 500 million less than 10% of the world's population BUT EU and Japan comprise, over 40% of its GDP.

3 Labour market: EU versus Japan GDP per capita Japan EU

4 Labour market: EU versus Japan What are the starting points? Labour force Educational attainment Gender gap Job tenure

5 Labour market: EU versus Japan Gender gap No equality Gender gap index(115 countries): –Nordic countries: BENCHMARK-rank 1 –Japan: rank 79

6 Labour market: EU versus Japan Job tenure The frequency of changing jobs: Europe is around 10.6 years 10.9 years in Japan

7 Labour market: EU versus Japan Mobility Job-to-job mobility Geographical mobility Cross-border workers Foreign language learning Public attitudes to mobility

8 Labour market: EU versus Japan Unemployment definition

9 Labour market: EU versus Japan Unemployment comparison

10 Labour market: EU versus Japan Unemployment in numbers

11 Labour market: EU versus Japan Part-time workers For both: number of part-time workers is increasing, majority create women Nowadays: EU - 18% of workers, Japan – 24% 35% of employed women in EU, 40% in Japan EU-big differences-Greece 4%, Netherlands 56% Discussed in EU: labour market flexibility Conclusion for both countries: employers have the same reasons, non-regular staff will continue to increase in the future

12 Labour market: EU versus Japan Part-time workers Changes in the number and percentage of part-time workers in Japan

13 Labour market: EU versus Japan Working hours Japan : 48hours/week, 1988-now: 40 hours annualy1954 hours hours overtime EU average 38,6 hours, varies from 35 to 40 hours annually average 1740 hours + overtime info N/A

14 Labour market: EU versus Japan Holidays

15 Labour market: EU versus Japan Holidays Japan 20 days annual paid leave EU average 26 days CONSUMED: Japan 8,5 days EU nearly 26 days Overtime + 8 days of holidays yearly leads to K A R O S H I

16 Labour market: EU versus Japan Inflow of foreign workers Categories that gained the work permission in Japan in the year 2005

17 Labour market: EU versus Japan Gross statutory minimum wages ($ per hour)

18 Labour market: EU versus Japan Average tax rates for full-time workers at different wage levels (2005) minimum wage average wage minimum wage average wage Austria 32.7%Italy 27.3% Belgium18.8%41.9%Japan14.0%18.5% Czech Republic19.3%24.1%Luxembourg15.7%27.3% Denmark 40.8%Netherlands23.8%32.5% Finland 31.3%Poland26.7%31.9% France17.6%29.0%Portugal11.0%21.2% Germany 42.5%Slovak Republic13.4%22.1% Greece16.0%23.7%Spain6.4%20.2% Hungary13.5%33.7%Sweden 31.3% Ireland3.8%15.3%United Kingdom11.0%26.6%

19 Labour market: EU versus Japan Relations Japan –Labour unions –Consultation systems –Shunto –Individual labour disputes Slovakia –Confederation of Trade Unions

20 Labour market: EU versus Japan Employment Measures for Older People JAPAN Securing Employment for Persons Up to Age 65 Assisting and Promoting the Reemployment of Middle-Aged and Older Workers Promoting Diverse Work and Social Participation for the Elderly

21 Labour market: EU versus Japan Employment Measures for Persons with Disabilities Japan –Legally mandated quota: –Private corporations: 1.8% –Special government corporations: 2.1% –National and local public corporations: 2.1% –Designated school boards: 2.0% –Levies and grants Slovakia –3.2% for those with 20 or more employees –3 possibilities

22 Thank you for attention! Labour market: vs.


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