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Native American Economics

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Presentation on theme: "Native American Economics"— Presentation transcript:

1 Native American Economics
Welcome to the Bryan Museum of Native American Economics Plains Northest Southwest Northwest

2 Return To Entry

3 Verena K Bryan Return To Entry
Welcome to the Bryan Museum of Native American Economies. This virtual museum has been brought to you as part of the Native American/Technology Integration module of the Clark County School District Teaching American History Grant. My name is Verena K Bryan. I am a teacher at Steve Cozine Elementary School, in North Las Vegas. I am currently in my fourth year teaching third grade. I hold a BA in Social Thought and Political Economy and a MSED in Early Childhood Education. This museum was created to introduce elementary students to essential content area information regarding the various economies of the Northeast, Northwest, Southwest and Plains Native American Tribes. I hope you enjoy this presentation and I look forward to your feedback. Verena K Bryan Steve Cozine Elementary School 5335 Coleman St. N. Las Vegas, NV 89031 Return To Entry

4 Exhibit #1 Return To Entry Move To Next Exhibit

5 Navajo The Navajo people of the American Southwest hold some of the most valuable mineral recourses of the US Native American Nations. Early economic endeavors included the herding of sheep and cattle, fiber production, weaving, jewelry making, and art trading. During the 20th century the Navajo people were involved in coal and uranium mining. Even though economic growth within the Navajo Nation has taken several different paths many Navajo people still produce traditional art work and crafts, like their ancestors. Return To Exhibit

6 Chumash The Chumash used much of their natural recourses to support their communities. They were hunters and gatherers. What they were unable to obtain from their environment they traded for. Because, they were very skilled at processing and storing food they did not practice agricultural techniques and they did not keep livestock. They were able to use just about everything available to them in their environment. They even used shells as money. Today the Chumash people are known for their amazing and colorful rock paintings. Return To Exhibit

7 Hohokam Early Hohokam people were active traders. They particularly liked trading goods for shells and stones to make jewelry. They would get goods from New Mexico and Arizona and carry them to the coasts of California to trade for jewelry making materials. The Hohokam people were even known to trade for parrots. They would then use the feathers in traditional ceremonies. Return To Exhibit

8 Anasazi The Anasazi traded with several Puebloan communities in the American Southwest. They were known to trade with the Hohokam and the Mogollon people. They received goods like sea shells, parrots, copper bells, and cotton. The Anasazi trade networks supported open communications between groups. Demands for trade often lead to marriages and relationships to flourish among a variety of neighboring villages. Micosoft Clipart Return To Exhibit

9 Exhibit #2 Return To Entry Move To Next Exhibit

10 Pawnee Return To Exhibit
Like so many of the Native people of the Plains the Pawnee relied upon hunting buffalo and planting corn to support their communities. They spent part of the year living nomadically. In the spring, when they would hunt buffalo, they would live in skin-covered tepees. Meanwhile their corn grew in their villages. In the fall, they would return to their villages, to harvest their corn crops. This cycle of hunting and planting supported their economic needs on the plains. The buffalo provided their food, shelter, and clothing. Return To Exhibit

11 Cheyenne Return To Exhibit
Bison were a large part of the Cheyenne economy. The bison served as food, clothing, shelter, manufactured goods, and items which were traded with other tribes and Europeans. In addition to hunting bison the Cheyenne gathered plums, chokecherries, and turnips. Once they encountered the European settlers the Cheyenne received goods like coffee, bacon, sugar, and bleached flour. During the nineteenth century, as bison populations declined, the Cheyenne economy was increasingly dependant on trade with Europeans to supplement for the materials that they needed. Return To Exhibit

12 Blackfoot Living on the plains the Blackfoot, like other Plains people, used the bison that they hunted for food, clothing, tepee covers, tools, and ornaments. Once trade began with Europeans the addition of metal tools changed the way traditional materials were manufactured. The Blackfoot actively traded horses, food, mules, and ornaments in exchange for metal tools, guns, clothes, food, and whiskey. Return To Exhibit

13 Osage Much like other Plains people the Osage hunted for part of the year and then returned to their villages for the plant harvest. The most significant changes that took place in their history came about when they encountered European settlers. They adopted the use of horses for hunting and also gained weapons. They traded with the Europeans for several years. During that time buffalo populations decreased and ultimately in 1825 they lost their land in Missouri and were moved to Kansas. Return To Exhibit

14 Exhibit #3 Return To Entry Move To Next Exhibit

15 Wampanoag Return To Exhibit
The Wampanoag people were skilled both at hunting and farming. As Northeast seasons changed they moved between eating beans, corn, and squash, and fish and game. Just like several other native communities the social, political, and economics duties were the responsibility of the women of the village. The Wampanoag people belonged to a confederation (a group of communities that help one another). Each community was represented by a sachem (leader) who met with other members of the confederation to discuss how the communities would trade with one another. Return To Exhibit

16 Accohannock Return To Exhibit
As part of the Powhatan Nation the Accohannock Tribe was part of the Accomac Confederation. Dwelling in what is now Maryland the Accohannock people were among the first hunters, farmers, trappers, and fishermen in that region. Being good at hunting and farming they were able to provide a large variety of foods for their tribe. In addition to growing squash and corn their economy was maintained by hunting deer, rabbit, bear, elk, and other woodland animals. The Accohannock people were able to live self-sufficiently until colonial affects disassembled their culture. Return To Exhibit

17 Abenaki Return To Exhibit
The Abenaki people were very similar to other Native tribes in the Northeast. They were farmers and hunter/gatherers. When the first French settlers arrived to the Northeast region the Abenaki people joined them in the fur trade. The Abenaki hoped that by understanding the French they would be able to keep more French from settling that area. For some time the fur trade did provide the Abenaki with wealth that helped their economy. Unfortunately the French saw how much could be had from trading fur and they took over more and more land. Soon the Abenaki people died out because of the diseases brought by the European settlers. Return To Exhibit

18 Ojibwe The early Ojibwe, of the Great Lakes region, were skilled hunters and trappers. Unlike other Native people they rarely used horses or hunted buffalo. They lived in small groups that could be easily supported by the environment. They ate deer, bear, moose, waterfowl, fish, wild rice, maple sugar, berries, and a few other plants that they could grow during the short growing season. Their economies were completely self-sufficient. That was until they joined the French in the fur trade. As a result of their contacts with Europeans the Ojibwe gained metal tools and weapons. Their new wealth allowed for their groups to grow larger. Their contacts with the French lead to economic growth and it also lead to the spread of disease and warfare. Micosoft Clipart Return To Exhibit

19 Exhibit #4 Return To Entry

20 Haida Return To Exhibit
Transportation was an important part of trade to the Native people of the Americas. For many tribes the introduction of horses aided their ability to trade, and gain wealth. For the Haida, the use of canoes was a major factor in their economy. Using hollowed out cedar logs the Haida were able to travel to trade with other tribes. Gaining property was very important. Social standing within the tribe depended on how much property a person had. Therefore it was very important for Haida people to become as skilled as possible at gathering wealth. Return To Exhibit

21 Kwakiutl Fishing was a primary activity that supported their economy. Living on the Northern Pacific coast the Kwakiutl people obtained their food and recourses directly from the ocean. They fished for salmon, herring, eulachon, halibut, shellfish, seals, and many other marine animals. There skills as fishermen lead to great wealth for the Kwakiutl people. They also participated in fur trade through the Northwest. Today they are still involved in the cash economy of fishing, logging, and canning. Return To Exhibit

22 Chinook Return To Exhibit
The Chinook people used their recourses to maintain their economy. As were many Northwest tribes fishing was a major contributor to their acquisition of wealth. When the European settlers arrived in this area they began a very productive trade relationship with the Chinook people. During this time the Chinook were so important to this regions trade economy that a new language formed so the Native people and the Europeans could communicate. This language was a mixture of English, French, and several indigenous languages. Return To Exhibit

23 Yurok The Yurok fished, hunted, and gathered. Most significant to maintaining their daily lives was the drying of salmon and the harvesting of acorns. They used acorns in a variety of ways. The acorn was ground into flour and used as medicines. The acorn groves were very important to the Yurok people. The groves were owned my villages, individual people, and they even had open groves that could be used by everyone. Return To Exhibit

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