Presentation on theme: "Unit 5 Education Text A Education in Cyberspace. Text A Education in Cyberspace 1. Teaching Objectives 2. Teaching Procedures - Before Reading - Language."— Presentation transcript:
Text A Education in Cyberspace 1. Teaching Objectives 2. Teaching Procedures - Before Reading - Language Points - After Reading
Text A : Teaching Objectives Grasp the main idea and structure of the text; Master the language points and grammatical structures in the text; Be familiar with the structure of a paragraph; write a short composition with proper topic sentence.
Before Reading Brain storm Warm-up question Part division Skimming and scanning
What words will occur to you whenever we mention Education? Text A : Before reading Let s have a brainstorm
Before Reading_3 Education knowledge discipline classroom lecture teacher university school playground student homework study subject semester diplomadegree bachelor master doctor undergraduate freshmangraduation
Warm-up question Work in groups. Thinking about the following question. Share your ideas. What do you know about cyber- education? Whats your opinion on this new type of education? Text A : Before reading
Text A : Part Division of the Text PartsParagraphsMain Ideas 1 1~3 2 4~9 3 10-17 4 18-20 Being a Guide on the Side, I have succeeded in getting my students to communicate their ideas actively and think critically, which is something I find hard to achieve in traditional campus education. As a virtual professor, I teach without personally meeting my students. Cyber-teaching reflects the nature of a true liberal education as is defined by Plato, and it is well received by the participants. I teach in cyberspace.
Text A : skimming and scanning Read Text A, then answer the following questions 1.What does the author live for? 1.What does the author live for? 2.Why does the author say she teaches nowhere? 2.Why does the author say she teaches nowhere? Where does the author teach? Where does the author teach? What does she teach? What does she teach? How does she teach? How does she teach? 3. How does cyber-education benefit students? 3. How does cyber-education benefit students? 4. What is the authors view of traditional American education? 4. What is the authors view of traditional American education?
On a recent business trip a man asked me what I did for a living. I replied that I wrote and taught college courses. Oh? he said. Where do you teach? A peculiarly honest answer came out of my mouth before I could think. Nowhere, I said.peculiarly Education in Cyberspace Vicky Phillips Detailed Reading_t1-4 paras 1~3
paras 4 Its true. Since 1990 I have taught and counseled for what a friend of mine calls keyboard colleges distance-learning degree programs. Where I teach is inside that electrically charged space that lies between my phone jack and the home computers of a group of generally older-than-average college students.counseled My students are generally older than the average college students. I teach them not in the traditional lecture rooms, but on the Internet where I am linked with them via their home phone lines and modems.
paras 5~6 In 1990, I designed Americas first online counseling center for distance learners. Since then Ive worked with more than 7,000 learners online. Ive flunked a few of them. Ive never personally met any of them.flunked For want of a clearer explanation of my career situation, I told the man who inquired that I teach in cyberspace. Im a virtual professor, I tried explaining. Distance learning... online degree programs... virtual universities.For want of virtual
paras 7 The mans face remained as blank as a clear summer sky. I couldnt tell whether he was silent out of respect or keen confusion. I imagined both to be the case, so I settled in to explain what I have to explain frequently these days: the decline of the American college campus and the rise of the American educational mind as I see it. 1.What figure of speech is used here? Simile. More examples: …sing like an angel …sleep as sound as a log …be as brave as a lion
Para 8~9 Distance learning, or educational programs where pupil and professor never meet face-to-face, are nothing new. Sir Isaac Pitman of Bath, England, hit upon the idea of having rural residents learn secretarial skills by translating the Bible into shorthand, then mailing these translations back to him for grading. He began doing this in 1840. And he made mounds of money doing it. I dont teach shorthand; I teach psychology and career development. I write many of my own lessons, though, just as Sir Isaac had to do. My post is the World Wide Web. I post assignments to electronic bulletin boards and send graded papers across the international phone lines in tariff-free e-mail packets. I convene classes and give lectures in online chat rooms when need be.
Para 10~12 Is this any way to dispense with a real college education? Can people learn without sitting in neat rows in a lecture room listening to the professor the Sage on the Stage? Yes, absolutely. Why not? In fact, while many people find it hard to imagine a college with no campus, I nowadays find it hard to imagine teaching anywhere other than in the liberal freedom that is cyberspace. In cyberspace, I listen, read, comment and reflect on what my students have to say each of them in turn. What they know, they must communicate to me in words. They cannot sit passively in the back row twiddling their mental thumbs as the clock ticks away. They must think; and horror of horrors, they must write. Thinking and writing: Arent these the hallmarks of a classically educated mind?ticks away
paras 13~15 I know my students not by their faces or their seat position in a vast lecture auditorium; I know them by the words and ideas they express in their weekly assignments, which everyone reads online. I am not a Sage on the Stage I am more a Guide on the Side. Often what the students say or write to one another, or the way they incorporate their work and career ideas into their papers and debates with each other, is more practically inspiring than any help I could provide them with. My average college kid is 40 years old. More than a few are in their 50s or 60s. They are telecommuting to campus because they could not, or would not, uproot their careers and kids or grandkids to move to a college campus an entity modeled after the learning monasteries of medieval times. uproot
Para 16 Many of them know what they are talking about. Even more so, they know why they came back to college to learn. A cyber- education suits them because it respects their abilities to define for themselves what knowledge is and to go after it. It encourages them to argue their points and their perspectives without the interference of a professor, who might be tempted to step in to calm down or refocus an otherwise wonderfully enlightening classroom debate. ……
Para 17 They are experiencing something very different from the traditional factory model of American education, in which everyone on the assembly line is delivered the same standardized units of information (lectures and textbooks) and then must pass the same quality inspection (objective exams). This factory model where students sit in neat rows, holding up their hands for permission to speak, clock-watching their way through textbooks and lectures that are broken into discrete bits of knowledge has never been shown to be an effective way to learn. It has, however, been proven to be a convenient way for colleges to record on transcripts that a standard body of knowledge has been duly delivered.
Para 18 Maybe teaching a liberal arts curriculum via a virtual environment makes more sense to me because it brings me back to what I learned to be a true liberal arts education. Studying philosophy in Athens, Greece, I was taught that to learn anything, one had to throw away textbooks and notebooks mere memory tools and instead rely on ones native ability to think critically.
Para 19 While my cyber-students do have textbooks, the books are learning aids; they are not the only pool of knowledge the students will drink from. Instead, they will learn also from the collaborative efforts of online debates, conferences and papers. They will think about what they have to say, and they will come to class each week amazingly prepared to argue and type their way toward insight.
Para 20 The virtual university: Oddly enough, its just what a classical philosopher like Plato would have practiced had there been an Internet way back then. Me? Im in favor of less learning taking place on a campus and more that happens in the minds of the participants. The author used the mood here to. emphasizes the advantages of the virtual education. subjunctive
Para 1~3 E.g. Molly is behaving rather peculiarly. The streets were peculiarly quiet for the time of day. peculiarly: adv. especially; strangely
Para 4 counsel: v. to give advice, especially on social or personal problems e.g. The police have provided experts to counsel local people affected by the tragedy. Listen to the counsel of your elders. advise caution CF: counsel, advise, caution, warn counsel advise caution warn
Para5-6 flunk: v. (infml) especially AmE to give someone low marks on a test so that they fail it; fail (an examination or study course) I flunked my second year exams and was lucky not to be thrown out of college. Her not following the instructions flunked her. flunk out
Para5-6 for want of: for lack of, because of a lack of e.g. If we fail it wont be for want of trying (= We have tried even if we fail). For want of anything better to do I watched television at home. fill / meet / satisfy a want minister to sbs want in want of ……
Para5-6 virtual adj. made, done, seen etc. on the Internet or a computer, rather than in the real world He has made some friends in the virtual world through the Internet. / : virtual shopping/banking
Para 7 be the case: to be the actual state of affairs; to be true e.g. He said hed been cheated out of all his money, but thats not the case. a case in point in any case in case of in no case Collocation:
Para 10~12 …the Sage on the Stage… What does the Sage on the Stage mean? This is a term commonly used in the teaching research field to refer to the teacher who plays a dominant role in the classroom. Its opposite term is the Guide on the Side, which suggests a learner-centred teaching approach.
Para 10~12 What they know, they must communicate to me in words. Whats the grammatical function of What they know ? What they know, which serves as the object of the verb communicate, is put at the beginning of the sentence to achieve emphasis.
Para 10~12 They cannot sit passively in the back row twiddling their mental thumbs as the clock ticks away. 1.What does twiddling their mental thumbs mean? to do little or nothing; be idle 2. What can we infer from the sentence? Studying online is different from that in the conventional classroom. Students should do something actively instead of sitting in the back idling.
Para 10~12 tick away: (of time) go by As we were waiting for the green light at the crossroads, the taxis meter kept ticking away. tick off …… tick over Pattern:
Para 13-15 uproot: vt. to make someone leave their home for a new place, especially when this is difficult or upsetting The war has uprooted nearly two-thirds of the countrys population. She uprooted herself from the farm and moved to London.
Para 16 go after: try to obtain or win; chase e.g. Tom and I were going after the same job, so one of us had to choose something else to do. step in: to become involved in an activity, discussion, or disagreement, sometimes in order to stop trouble They can settle the argument by themselves; youd better not step in.
Para 16 enlighten: vt. to explain sth. to someone e.g. I dont understand this. Could you enlighten me? enlighten about/on …… …… Pattern:
paras 17 n. inspection: the act of inspecting e.g. to carry out an inspection of sth I gave the mobile phone a thorough inspection before I bought it. v. inspect: to look closely at sth/sb, especially to check that everything is satisfactory. e.g. inspect sb/sth (for sth) The plants are regularly inspected for disease.
paras 18 bring back: cause to return to the mind e.g. The photo taken twenty years ago brings back many fond memories of my stay in London. remind sb of sth Liberal arts Science Engineering
Text A - After Reading Vocabulary Exercises Homework Paragraph Writing
After Reading_3.1 Directions: Choose the suitable words or expressions from the list and complete the following sentences, change the form where necessary. emphasis virtual hit on/upon turn ones back on for want of decline reflect on go after resident practically enlighten inspection associate try out oddly enough 1. 2. 3. 4. Its not unusual to hear people complaining that educational standards are in rather than on the rise. A large supermarket has just opened on this street. customers, well have to sell up our small store. The local were annoyed with the lack of parking space thats why many of them sold their flats and moved to other places. If you find something you really want, you have to it. Its pointless waiting for it to come to you. decline______ For want of_________ residents________ go after _______
After Reading_3.2 5. 6. 7. 8. Theoretically, its a good idea to live without a car, but speaking, it would be difficult to manage without one. The Internet has created a wonderland for us, but we should keep in mind the differences between the world and the real world., they have never met each other even though theyve been living in the same street for ten years. I see teaching as an opportunity to students, not just to give them instructions. practically ________ virtual _____ Oddly enough____________ enlighten ________ emphasis virtual hit on/upon turn ones back on for want of decline reflect on go after resident practically enlighten inspection associate try out oddly enough
After Reading_3.2 9. 10. He had a suspicion that the certificate was not genuine, but on close, he realized that it was not forged. Now that my father has retired, he has much time to his successes and failures in the past. inspection _________ reflect on ________ emphasis virtual hit on/upon turn ones back on for want of decline reflect on go after resident practically enlighten inspection associate try out oddly enough
Paragraph Writing Whats in the paragraph? Paragraphs can contain many different kinds of information. It might describe a place, character, or process; narrate a series of events; compare or contrast two or more things; classify items into categories; or describe causes and effects. Regardless of the kind of information they contain, all paragraphs share certain characteristics. One of the most important of these is a topic sentence.
Paragraph= one topic sentence + supporting sentences+ a summary or conclusion
What s topic sentence? A sentence that names the topic of the paragraph and contains a controlling idea is called the topic sentence.
Topic Sentences = Topic + Controlling Idea Most often, the topic is easy, but the question then turns to what you want to say about the topic which is the controlling idea. Topic sentences should always contain both (1) a topic and (2) a controlling idea.
a topic (in red) a controlling idea (in blue). 1. People can avoid burglaries by taking certain precautions. (The precautions for? 2. There are several advantages to growing up in a small town. (The advantages of? 3. Most US universities require a 550 point TOEFL score for a number of reasons. (The reasons for? 4. Fixing a flat tire on a bicycle is easy if you follow these steps. (The steps for?
summary A good topic sentence should have at least the following features: 1. It is a complete sentence. 2. It contains both a topic and a controlling idea. 3.It is neither too general nor too specific. 4. It tells the reader what to expect in the paragraph.
Homework Write an essay entitled The Significance of Lifelong Education. The following outline may be of some help. Please pay attention to the structure of your essay and construct topic sentence for each paragraph. 1. In the past, a college education was enough to ensure a well-paid, much-respected job and a sense of achievement. 2. Today, with the increasing competition in our knowledge society, it is a must to renew ones knowledge and upgrade ones skills constantly. Whats more, a general college education serves only as a passport to lifetime education. 3. The concept of lifelong education finds expression in the slogan Live and Learn.