Presentation on theme: "Gas Management Systems. 2 Medical gases Compressed air (5 bar) N 2 O (Nitrous oxide ) Vacuum Compressed air (8 bar) or Nitrogen AGSS 1.O 2, and medical."— Presentation transcript:
Gas Management Systems
2 Medical gases Compressed air (5 bar) N 2 O (Nitrous oxide ) Vacuum Compressed air (8 bar) or Nitrogen AGSS 1.O 2, and medical compressed air (5 bar) used for life support and respiratory therapy. 2.N 2 O is an analgesic gas used in anesthesia machine. 3.Vacuum (technically not gas), negative pressure to take out the expired air. 4.AGSS (Anesthesia Gas Scavenging System), to take out N 2 O and filter it before being outdoors. 5.Compressed air (8 bar) or Nitrogen, to operate pneumatic surgical tools. 6.CO 2 used for insufflations. CO 2 O2O2
3 Medical Gas pipeline system A pipeline system is a system that includes: –The pipeline network, –The control unit and –The terminal units where the medical gases or anesthetic gas scavenging disposal systems may be required.
PIPED DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM THREE Classes Of Pipeline Systems : Main Lines Risers Branch (Lateral) Lines 4
5 MAIN LINES RISER LINES BRANCH OR LATERAL LINES
Material Special copper pipes are used as copper has many good qualities: 6 Corrosion resistance Neutral with respect to medical gases Ease of handling (combining technique and installation Great operational safety and durability
7 Medical gas pipeline components Air compressor Vacuum systems Medical gas outlets Alarms Manifolds Zone valves & Zone valves boxes Wall and floor mounting systems Rails for flexible equipment movement and utilize floor space
8 Medical gas pipeline diagram
9 Oxygen Supplying System Oxygen may be supplied as follows: 1.Gas in cylinders 2.Cryogenic liquid in mobile vessels or stationary vessels
10 1. Gas in Cylinders A cylinder manifold system shall have two banks (groups) of cylinders or cylinder bundles The banks alternately supply the pipeline, Each bank having its cylinders connected to a common header with a separate manifold pressure regulator. The secondary bank comes into operation automatically when content of the primary bank becomes exhausted.
12 2. Cryogenic liquid Systems Cryogenic tanks systems hold liquefied cryogenic gases (oxygen, nitrogen, argon, hydrogen or helium) and dispense these gases in the form of a liquid or gas as required by the customer. Cryogenic tanks pressure vessels manufactured with an inner and outer vessel to hold cryogenic liquefied gases that have condensation points less than -150 ºC. Cryogenic Tank
13 1.Pressure regulators 2.Pressure relief valve Oxygen system components
14 1. Pressure Regulators There are two types of regulators –Operating pressure regulator: there are two operating regulators; one on every bank manifold –Line pressure regulator There are one or two line regulators on every manifold. Function: to maintain a constant pressure at maximum flow rate of the system.
15 2. Pressure Relief Valve Pressure relief valves are installed downstream of all pressure regulators Valves set at no more than 50% above the pressure regulator setting. Function: Fully relieving the pressure at the set point in case failure of regulator. All pressure relief valves have piping connections to allow release of to outside facility.
26 Medical Compressed Air The supply system may be: 1.An air compressor system, 2.A proportioning system, and 3.A cylinder supply system. The following diagram describes the system in details.
27 1. Compressors Compressed air is provided by 2 air compressors in 1+1 backup system. Either reciprocating or screw type air compressors are used Compressor has to be oil free.
28 11 – CO catalyst6 – Pre-filter1 – Air compressor (reciprocating or screw type) 12 – Sterile filter7 – Oil filter2 – Automatic drain 13 – Dew point analyzer8 – Air dryer3 – Safety relief valve 14 – Automatic drain9 – Dust filter4 – Pressure gauge 10 – Activated carbon5 – Compressed air tank (receiver) Medical Compressed Air
Duplex filter 29
32 Duplex filter (special Considerations) Air intakes should be located high enough in receiver to eliminate intake of particles of dust, smoke, dirt, and water. A double filtering line consisting, each, of air line ultra high efficiency filter and activated carbon filter normally used to remove particles as small as 0.01 micron with efficiency of %. The pressure drop across the carbon filter is often an indication of when the filter should be replaced.
33 Vacuum System Vacuum systems commonly utilize three pumping devices: the rotating mechanical pump, diffusion pump and cold trap. In addition to other system components, such as valves and baffles (control the action of pumps).
34 Mechanical Pump Rotating pumps have large gas handling capacities, but cannot achieve high vacuum (resulting pressure about torr. Mechanical pumps remove the bulk "rough" of the air from a system which is initially at atmospheric pressure, and, once this is accomplished it "backs" the diffusion pump, since a diffusion pump cannot exhaust against atmospheric pressure.
35 Diffusion Pump Reduces system pressure to torr A diffusion pump has a maximum pressure against which it can exhaust. The mechanical pump provides this exhaust pressure for the diffusion pump.
36 First stage CLOSED valves (dark) and OPEN valves (light). The regions with a darker shade are at a higher pressure.
37 Second stage CLOSED valves (dark) and OPEN valves (light). The regions with a darker shade are at a higher pressure.
38 Third stage CLOSED valves (dark) and OPEN valves (light). The regions with a darker shade are at a higher pressure.
39 Distribution Systems for Medical Gases Distribution systems are used for internal clinic transfer of medical gases and vacuum from the plants to the terminal units. Special copper pipes are used as copper has many good qualities: Corrosion resistance Neutral with respect to medical gases Bactericidal and fungicidal effects Ease of handling (combining technique and installation Great operational safety and durability
40 Terminal Units Terminal units permit the supply of medical equipment with medical gases and vacuum from the central gas supply system. They are suitable for installation in walls, wall lights, energy panel systems and supply units and they can be used in the medical areas.
41 Area Control Unit Area control units serve as a shut-off device as well as control monitor for medical gases and they are integrated in the functional areas of the hospital.