2Climatic conditions in the southern colonies most directly influenced the development of A. democratic institutionsB. a canal systemC. the plantation systemD. the coal industry
32. Which of the following contributed to Jamestown’s eventual success 2. Which of the following contributed to Jamestown’s eventual success? A. Help from the Powhatan B. Use of tobacco as a cash crop C. Rules forcing settlers to plant food and work D. All of the above
4The “covenant communities” of New England were mostly based on the ideas of what document? Magna CartaB. Articles of the ConfederationMayflower CompactD. Declaration of Independence
5For Questions 4-6 choose one of the following: A. Southern ColoniesB. Middle ColoniesC. New England Colonies4. Which colonies saw the growth of America’s first cities, like Philadelphia and New York, due to their numerous harbors and were very tolerant of other religions5. Which colonies developed a dependency on large-scale agriculture and cash crops and were settled by rich “cavaliers” who were given land grants by the British king?6. Which colonies were dominated by Puritans and were not tolerant of other religions?
6Conflict between the American Indians (First Americans) and European settlers most often resulted from the different ways each culture viewedA. Religious practiceB. Political systemsC. Land ownershipD. Family relationship
7Slavery was introduced to the British Colonies to provide labor forPlantationsFactoriesShipbuildingD. lumbering
8D. Founding of Jamestown 9. This map shows the western limit on colonial settlement that resulted from the passing ofA. Proclamation of 1763Monroe DoctrineCompromise of 1850D. Founding of Jamestown
910. Which of these completes the title for this diagram? A. French and Indian WarB. Second Continental CongressC. Articles of ConfederationD. Monroe Doctrine
10In the publication Common Sense, Thomas Paine argued thatForeign nations would reject an independentAmerican governmentThe British government would be impossible tooverthrowAmerica was dependent on British trade andprotectionThe American colonies should break away fromEngland
11The main purpose for writing the Declaration ofIndependence was todeclare war on Great Britainforce France to support the Revolutionary Warconvince Great Britain to abolish slaveryD. state the colonists’ reasons for separating from GreatBritain
12George Washington was effective military commander because heA. won more battles than he lost using well trained troopsB. preserved the army through his leadershipC. negotiated alliances with leaders of other nationsD. prevented attacks against major population centers
13Use the following quote to answer question 14 Which nation followed this advice and allied with the colonies?A. AustriaB. FranceC. RussiaD. Spain
14After 1763, Americans began to turn against the British because of all the following common complaints exceptA. Britain sending troops to occupy the coloniesB. Britain refusing to help protect the coloniesC. the raising of taxes on many goodsthe creation of a direct tax on legal documents,newspapers, and other paper products
15The Boston Massacre was a response to A. the stationing of British soldiers in Boston.B. the dumping of British tea in Boston Harbor.C. an editorial written by Samuel Adams.D. the British taking over of the ship Liberty
16The Intolerable Acts were meant to A. take no action against the cityB. order the arrest of Mr. Allen and Mrs. GreenC. execute the people who organized the Boston Tea Partypunish all of Boston and all of Massachusetts for theBoston Tea Party
17During which event did the first fighting betweenredcoats and minutemen occur? It was known as theshot heard around the world.A. Boston MassacreB. Battle of Lexington and ConcordC. Battle of Turtle CreekD. Battle of Bunker Hill
18During the Revolution, the Americans had all of the following advantages over the British EXCEPTA. they were fighting on their own landB. more Americans supported the warC. their troops were better trained than the British regularsD. they had a better leader for the troops
19These laws were known as the Coercive Acts. They were issued in response to the Boston Tea Partyand included the Quartering Act and the Tea Act.A. Townshend ActsB. Stamp ActsC. Intolerable ActsD. Proclamation Acts
20Whose ideas did Jefferson most draw upon as he drafted the Declaration of Independence?A. John Locke'sB. Benjamin Franklin'sC. Samuel Adams'D. Marquis de Lafayette's
21After the Revolution, the 13 states were first organized into a nation with a document called “The Articles ofConfederation.” What was the main problem withthat system?A. The national and state governments were equal in power.The national government was too weak, and states had mostof the power.The national government was too strong, and states had verylittle power.D. There were no state governments at all.
22Who served as America’s representative to France during the American Revolutionary War? A. John AdamsB. Benjamin FranklinC. Thomas JeffersonD. George Washington
23Which two groups debated the ratification of the new Constitution?Loyalists and RevolutionariesB. Federalists and Anti-FederalistsC. Democratic Party and Whig PartyD. Executive Branch and Judicial Branch
24Which of these is NOT the name of one of the three major branches of the federal government asdescribed in the Constitution?A. the Judicialthe LegislativeC. the BureaucracyD. the Executive
25He was the Father of the Constitution; was secretary ofthe Constitutional Convention because he took verygood notes; wrote the Virginia Plan and much of theBill of RightsA. Thomas JeffersonB. George WashingtonC. James MadisonD. Patrick Henry
2627. A formal document that sets the baseline rules for the government. A. ConstitutionB. Bill of RightsC. Articles of the ConfederationD. Virginia Declaration of Religious Freedom
27This was the name of the meeting where delegates met to fix the Articles of the Confederation.A. Federalist MeetingB. Founding Fathers’ ConventionC. Constitutional ConventionD. First Meeting
28They feared a powerful national government would cause the new nation to fail. They thought it woulddestroy the people’s rights and the rights of thedifferent states to make their own laws.A. FederalistsB. Anti-FederalistsC. RepublicansD. Democrats
29What determines the number of members that each state can elect to the House of Representatives?A. the date the state officially joined the United StatesB. the land area of the stateC. the population of the stateD. all states have the same number of Representatives.
30What determines the number of members that each state can elect to the Senate?A. the date the state officially joined the United StatesB. the land area of the stateC. the population of the stateD. All states have the same number that they can elect.
3132. The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 did which of the following? A. caused protests from the citizens ofAmericaB. was viewed as a waste of moneydoubled the size of the United StatesD. increased the need for a larger navy
32Who led an expedition all the way to the Pacific coast in order to secure land and explore the Northwest Territory?A. Thomas Jefferson and James MadisonB. Meriwether Lewis and William ClarkeC. Daniel Boone and Meriwether LewisD. Meriwether Lewis and Thomas Jefferson
33The American belief of expanding from the East coast to the West coast is known asA. the Emancipation ProclamationB. Manifest DestinyC. the Monroe DoctrineD. the Compromise of 1820
34Which of the following best identifies why America went to war with Mexico?A. They wanted the land in the Southwest territory.B. They were fighting over the gold found in Mexico.Thomas Jefferson had unfinished business from theAmerican Revolution.Mexicans were crossing into American territory andstealing resources.
35Almost ¼ of the Cherokee Nation died on the 800 mile journey known as theA. Oregon TrailB. Sante Fe TrailC. Trail of TearsD. Indian Removal Trail
36This was the policy where the United States warned European nations not to get involved with issues inCentral and South America.A. Removal ActB. Manifest DestinyC. Monroe DoctrineD. Madison Doctrine
37What were the two political parties that ran for president in 1800?A. Democrats and RepublicansB. Republicans and FederalistsC. Federalists and Democratic RepublicansD. Anti Federalists and Democrats
38Who invented the Cotton Gin so significant to the American South?A. Robert FultonB. Eli WhitneyC. Thomas EdisonD. Samuel Morse
39Which best describes the type of people who would travel west? A. Poor families looking for jobsB. Families who wanted to practice different religionsFamilies who saved money for many years and were looking for newopportunitiesD. Thrill seekers who wanted to fight the Native Americans
40Which power did the United States Supreme Court gain through the Court’s decision in Marbury v. Madison?A. Judicial reviewB. Hearing appeals from lower federal courtsC. Deciding cases involving two or more statesD. Judicial independence through lifetime appointment
41 “Missouri Compromise Allows Two New States into the Union” “Congress Agrees to Compromise of 1850” “Popular Sovereignty Adopted Under Kansas Nebraska Act” 42. Which issue is reflected in these headlines?A. Status of slavery in the territories and states.B. Upheld the principle of popular sovereigntyC. Supported the right of a state to secede from the UnionD. Protected the property rights of slave owners in the territories
42Which issue led to development of the first political parties in the United States?A. Abolition of slaveryB. Women’s suffrageC. Expansion of western territoryD. National government’s powers
43The _________________ allowed California to comeinto the Union as a free state, while Utah and NewMexico could decide for themselves if they wouldallow slavery.A. Great CompromiseB. Missouri CompromiseC. Compromise of 1850D. Kansas- Nebraska Act
44In the mid-1800s Fugitive Slave Laws were passed in America. Fugitive Slave Laws said that escaped slavesA. Were citizensB. Were not citizensC. Could not be returned to the ownersD. Could be returned to their owners
45The publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, contributed to the start ofthe Civil War byA. exposing the dangers of manufacturingB. intensifying the northern dislike of slaveryC. pressuring the President to support emancipationD. convincing Congress to ban the importation of slavery
46Who won the Presidential election of 1860 causing states such as South Carolina to secede from the Union?A. Frederick DouglassB. Stephen DouglassC. Abraham LincolnD. Andrew Jackson
4748. Which of these states was admitted to the union before the Civil War? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
48Uprisings led by Nat Turner contributed to the Southern states’ decisions toA. pass harsh fugitive slave lawsB. accept the Missouri CompromiseC. enact Jim Crow legislationD. support the passing of higher tariffs
49The legislative assembly established in the 1640’s in Virginia, now known as the General Assembly of Virginia, was theA. ParliamentB. House of BurgessesC. Continental CongressD. House of Representatives
50Characteristics of the New England colonies includedall of the following EXCEPT:A. Formation of covenant communitiesB. Intolerance of religious beliefs differing from PuritanismAcquisitions of large land grants from the King ofEnglandDesire for economic opportunity as well as religiousand political freedom.
5152. Letter “N” marks the location of A. Virginia B. North Carolina C. South Carolina D. Maryland
52The Northern states developed an economic system based on which of the followingA. industrial economy based on manufacturingB. strict governmental laws protecting freed slavesC. high protective tariffsD. use of federal funds to build railroads
53The Expeditionary Force led by Lewis and Clark was guided by the Indian translatorA. OpechancanoughB. PocahantasC. SacagaweaD. Squanto
5455. In McCulloch vs. Maryland, the Supreme Court decided thatA. States could not tax the federal governmentB. Interstate transportation was illegalC. Separate but equal facilities were unconstitutionalD. States could disobey federal laws if they chose to.
55New Southwestern territories acquired during the Mexican War would decide whether to be a “free” or“slave” state according toA. Republican Party PlatformB. Missouri CompromiseC. Compromise of 1850D. Dred Scott Decision
56The abolitionist movement had the support of all of the following EXCEPT A. William Llyod GarrisonB. New England religious leadersC. Harriet Beecher StoweD. Secessionists
57Which was the goal of the Republican Party in yearsprior to the Civil WarA. Abolish SlaveryB. Promote SlaveryC. Ignore the issue of slaveryD. Prohibit the extension of slavery
58The ability for states to choose if they wanted to enterthe union as a slave state or free state is known asA. Popular SovereigntyB. Popular VoteC. CompromiseD. Great Compromise
59During the era prior to the Civil War, each senator and representative thought in terms of his ownregion of the country and pressed for laws thatwould favor the way of life of this region. This wasknown asA. DemocracyB. FederalismC. SectionalismD. Constitutionalism
60You are almost done Please review your answers and be sure you didn’t skip any questions Double check the questions you found most difficult Be sure your name is on all of your test items. Congratulations! You are one step closer to graduation.