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Autism and Behaviour Luke Beardon. Autism and Behaviour Behaviour always makes sense Behaviour always makes sense Why wouldn't you? Why wouldn't you?

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Presentation on theme: "Autism and Behaviour Luke Beardon. Autism and Behaviour Behaviour always makes sense Behaviour always makes sense Why wouldn't you? Why wouldn't you?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Autism and Behaviour Luke Beardon

2 Autism and Behaviour Behaviour always makes sense Behaviour always makes sense Why wouldn't you? Why wouldn't you? Challenging behaviour challenges others - not the person with autism Challenging behaviour challenges others - not the person with autism Is it really that bad? Is it really that bad?

3 Possible Causes It's fun It's fun Form of communication Form of communication Frustration Frustration Lack of control / no perceived alternative Lack of control / no perceived alternative Lack of global stability Lack of global stability Sensory Sensory

4 Autism and Dysphoria High levels of anxiety – as norm High levels of anxiety – as norm Increased anxiety states for specific reasons Increased anxiety states for specific reasons Global levels of high anxiety due to environmental factors Global levels of high anxiety due to environmental factors Possible as high as 90% of individuals have a recognisable anxiety disorder Possible as high as 90% of individuals have a recognisable anxiety disorder

5 Secondary Psychiatric Disorders Not a primary mental illness Not a primary mental illness Result of environmental factors Result of environmental factors High level in people with Autism compared to peer groups High level in people with Autism compared to peer groups Better support should lead to a better prognosis and reduction in secondary conditions Better support should lead to a better prognosis and reduction in secondary conditions

6 Direct learning vs Indirect learning Examples of indirect learning / development: Theory of Mind Social skills Social cues Non verbal communication Learning Processes

7 Accurate interpretation Metaphor / sarcasm / irony Need for accuracy / lack of tautology Echolalia / palilalia / delayed echolalia Delayed processing Expressive vs receptive skills Verbal Communication

8 Prosody Facial expression Body posture Inference Contextual information Non Verbal Communication

9 Recognising the unwritten rules Assessing situations Reacting appropriately to the PNT social circumstance Adapting social skills to the PNT situation Social Skills

10 Alexithymia Mentalising abilities Empathy Trust Appearance of rudeness Theory of Mind

11 Planning Impulse control Sequencing Scripting Executive Functioning

12 Identifying the pattern or underlying rules Attention to detail Knowing what is relevant and redundant Recognising the 'big picture' Central Coherence

13 OBSESSIONS Can be socially inappropriate Need boundaries around obsessive behaviour Must recognise that obsessive behaviours can be used as coping mechanisms Obsessions may be misinterpreted

14 Sensory Differences Neuro-physiological differences in filtering processes Neuro-physiological differences in filtering processes Can have major impact on behaviour Can have major impact on behaviour Environmental aspects can influence Environmental aspects can influence

15 Hypothesis - resistance to change Individuals with Autism have significantly lower stability rates in their day to day lives than the neurotypical This may lead, in part, to an explanation of resistance to change

16 Dependent on: Communication Understanding other people Social awareness Predictability Fulfilled expectations Shared sensory environment Stability

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18 Bullying Individuals with Autism are highly vulnerable: Individuals with Autism are highly vulnerable: –don't 'fit in' –will not necessarily follow traditional social convention (fashion, etc.) –problems with adhering to social rules within society (classroom, playtime, employment, social arenas, etc.) –communication problems –poor PNT ToM

19 Ethics, Morality, and Normalisation It is essential that individuals with Autism are treated with respect for their way of thinking and behaving, and that normal value bases are not enforced upon them

20 Contact Dr Luke Beardon Senior lecturer in Autism The Autism Centre Sheffield Hallam University


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