2 Learning objectives By the end of this session, you are expected to: Identify key skills and qualifications to be included in the CVPosition yourself correctly in the job marketUnderstand how recruiters and headhunters search for candidatesUnderstand how to make your CV attractive
3 What are CV typesChronologicalFunctionalAcademic
4 Chronological Resumes The most common resume type.Experience and qualifications are sorted in a chronological order starting from the most recent.Activities are summarized by job or employer.It fits recruiters’ templates.
5 Functional Resumes Doesn’t follow chronological order Suitable for executives, career changersSkills and qualifications summarized by function, for example:A candidate might write “Marketing Experience”, then lists titles and positions held, projects managed, etc.Can be a powerful tool to present functional expertise, but it is not very popular.Doesn’t fit recruiter’s standard templates; and may discourage short-listing
6 Academic ResumesAn academic CV focuses on academic qualifications of the candidate.It refers to previous research; and research areas of interest.It includes reference to publications, memberships and affiliations of professional and academic bodies.
7 What information should be on your CV Identify YourselfEducationContinuing EducationWork or Professional ExperienceVolunteer ExperienceActivities & InterestsComputer SkillsProfessional Affiliations & MembershipsOptional SectionsObjectiveSpecial Skills and AbilitiesReference Statement
8 CV Writing Essentials (1 of 2) Tell the truthCheck spelling and grammarBeware of typosUse formal languageMake it readableLess is moreUser white spacesUse bullet points or short phrasesUse industry standard labels or keywordsUse easily read formats, fonts and stylesKeep the design simpleMinimize use of abbreviations
9 CV Writing Essentials (2 of 2) Focus on your skills & qualificationsUse action words to express results and accomplishments; for example perform, manage, etc.Make it short; 2 to 2.5 pages maximumAvoid irrelevant information; including irrelevant work activities and inappropriate person informationProduced on a computerNo spelling or grammar errorsNeat, clean, and professional lookingAvoid the use of different colors or fontsMargins at sides and bottomInformation is logically and chronologically recordedQuantify your results whenever you can
10 Where to start Identify where you are? Identify what you want to be? Focus on relevant experience, and useful informationAvoid being emotionalEmployers
11 What recruiters doRecruiters search for key words; make sure you have all of them on your CVRecruiters give 10 to 20 seconds for a CV; make sure you have a neat eye-catching presentation of your qualifications
12 Common mistakes (1 of 3) Typos and Grammar Slips “Great attention to detail.”“Proven ability to track down and correct erors.”“Am a perfectionist and rarely if ever forget etails.”Accomplishments: Completed 11 years of high school.”Don’t use “I” or “me”
13 Common mistakes (2 of 3) Leaving gaps! Everyone faces unemployment at certain point in his career.Avoid leaving gaps. Solution:Either return to education, orVolunteer
14 Common Mistakes (3 of 3) Don’t be emotional! Don’t be emotionally attached to certain achievements or interests not relevant for the job.
15 Writing A Cover Letter A cover letter is a “letter” Some employers require CVs to be accompanied by cover letters.A cover letter is an opportunity to tell what is not shown on a CV.Possibly to express enthusiasm, confidence, interest, skills, etc.Mention the person who referred you if appropriate
16 Cover Letter Structure Header Section:Your address, city, state, zip, and telephone number.DateName, title, company, address, city, state, and zip ofperson you’re writing to.Greeting, followed by a colon.Paragraph 1:What you wantHow you know about the organizationMention enclosure of your resumeParagraph 2:Concise overview of work history and skills that will help you perform the job.Paragraph 3:State confidence in your abilityGive information on how you can be contactedParagraph 4:Express appreciationClosing: signature, and typed name
17 Applying for jobsRecruiters receive 100’s of applications for every post, make sure you apply for the right opportunity only.Avoid annoying recruiters with s.Recruiters can no longer give feedback to hundreds of applicants, if you don’t hear from the recruiter then you were most likely not selected.