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IAPP Seminar, June 11, 20041 CA Privacy Law: Resources & Protections Dana F. Winterrowd, Staff Counsel California Department of Consumer Affairs.

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Presentation on theme: "IAPP Seminar, June 11, 20041 CA Privacy Law: Resources & Protections Dana F. Winterrowd, Staff Counsel California Department of Consumer Affairs."— Presentation transcript:

1 IAPP Seminar, June 11, CA Privacy Law: Resources & Protections Dana F. Winterrowd, Staff Counsel California Department of Consumer Affairs

2 2 Constitutional Right  All people are by nature free and independent and have inalienable rights. Among these are enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining safety, happiness, and privacy.  Article 1, Section 1, Constitution of the State of California

3 3 Office of Privacy Protection  CA is only state with such an agency  Created by law passed in 2000  Purpose: “ protecting the privacy of individuals’ personal information in a manner consistent with the California Constitution by identifying consumer problems in the privacy area and facilitating development of fair information practices”

4 4 Education and Information  Consumer Information Sheets ID theft prevention, victim checklist, “criminal” ID theft Protecting SSNs, reading privacy policies, controlling unwanted communications Health info privacy  Workshops and presentations 86 for consumers, 64 for business (11/01-12/03)

5 5 Work with Law Enforcement  Advisory Committee to High Tech Crimes/Identity Theft Task Force 5 regional task forces of local, state and federal law enforcement  Provide information on new laws via web site  Make case referrals

6 6 “Best Practice” Recommendations  Recommendations of “best practices,” beyond legal requirements  By phone in response to requests  Written sets developed with advisory groups SSN Confidentiality Notification of Security Breach

7 7 Fair Information Practice Principles (FIPS)  Transparency  Collection Limitation  Purpose Specification  Use Limitation  Data Quality  Individual Participation  Security  Accountability

8 8 CA Privacy Laws & FIPs  Limits on collection of personal info  Limits on use of personal info  Requirements of notice of privacy rights  Limits on unwanted commercial communications  Requirements for data security  Requirements for individual access to personal info  Rights & remedies for identity theft victims

9 9 Limits on Collection of Personal Information  Ban on recording any personal info when accepting payment by credit card  Ban on recording DL # when accepting payment by check  Ban on collecting DL# and SSN for supermarket club cards  Ban on wiretapping, CATV/satellite TV monitoring  Ban on state agency collecting personal info not authorized by law or regulation (IPA)

10 10 Limits on Use of Personal Information 1  Info “swiped” from drivers licenses (except for age verification, etc.)  Onward sharing of “marketing info” of credit card holders subject to opt-out right  Public display of Social Security numbers  Onward sharing of personal info collected for supermarket club cards

11 11 Limits on Use of Personal Information 2  Printing of >5 digits of credit card numbers on electronic customer receipts  Onward sharing of residential telephone customer calling patterns, financial info, etc.  Use by state agency other than as authorized by law (IPA, but cf. Public Records Act)

12 12 Limits on Use of Personal Information 3  Onward sharing of medical info, other than for TPO, subject to prior consent  Use of medical info for marketing purposes, as defined  Limited access to birth/death certificates, no SSNs or MMNs on publicly available birth/death record indices

13 13 Limits on Use of Personal Information 4  Sharing of consumer credit & background info, except for specified purposes, by CRAs, Investigative RAs (but cf. FCRA/FACTA)  Sharing of personal financial info w/ 3 rd parties by financial institutions (SB 1, eff. 7/1/04)  Use of auto “black box” data for other than vehicle safety, etc. (AB 213, eff. 7/1/04)

14 14 Notice Requirements 1  Notice of security breach involving specified personal info  Notice to vets from county recorder re DD214s as public records  Notice on collection of personal info by state agencies (IPA)  Privacy policy notice in state offices and on agency web sites

15 15 Notice Requirements 2  Notice of privacy policies/practices on commercial web sites collecting personal info on CA residents (AB 68, eff. 7/04)  Upon request, notice to customer of info sharing details or opt-out opportunity (SB 27, eff. 1/05)  Notice of presence of auto “black box” in owner’s manual or subscription contract (AB 213, eff. 7/04)

16 16 Data Security  Destruction of customer records by businesses by shredding, etc.  Activation process required on substitute credit cards mailed to consumers  Credit/debit card “skimmers” outlawed  State agencies must use security safeguards to protect personal info (IPA)

17 17 Individual Access to Information  Access to and right to correct personal info in records of state agencies (IPA)  Access to and right to dispute personal info in medical records (PAHRA, cf. federal HIPAA)

18 18 Limits on Commercial Communications  Do-Not-Call Registry (state/federal laws)  Ban on unsolicited commercial text messages sent to cell phones/pagers  Ban on spam sent in violation of ISP’s policy  Ban on spam sent w/out prior consent of recipient (but cf. federal CAN SPAM Act)

19 19 Identity Theft Rights & Remedies  Definition of crime, including possession of documents with intent to defraud  Requirement of local police to take report  Expedited judicial process for victims  Database for victims of “criminal” ID theft  Victim rights in debt collection and against claimants  Victim access to documents on fraudulent accounts (but cf. FCRA/FACTA)

20 20 Dana F. Winterrowd, Staff Counsel Legal Affairs Division California Department of Consumer Affairs 400 R Street, Suite 3090 Sacramento, CA  Office of Privacy Protection


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