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Unit 4 Reading The first underground in the world Teaching aim: Learn about the first underground.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 Reading The first underground in the world Teaching aim: Learn about the first underground."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 4 Reading The first underground in the world Teaching aim: Learn about the first underground

2 * Which city has the longest underground system in the world?

3 The longest underground system in the world: Beijing Underground 465 kilometers, 231 stations, 17lines opened in 1969

4 * Which is the first underground in the world?

5 The first underground in the world: London Underground 402 kilometers, 273 stations, 12 lines opened in ___ ____________

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7 (the London Underground) The Tube underground metro light railway rail transit subway

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11 Divide the passage into four parts and find out the main idea of each part.

12 Fast reading The main ideas of the four parts Part 1 _________why the first underground in the world was developed Part 2 _________of the first underground before World War Ⅱ Part 3 some ____________of the first underground during World War Ⅱ Part 4 _________and _________of the first underground system Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2-4 Paragraph 5 Paragraph 6-7 reasons developments unusual uses enlargementpopularity

13 Detailed reading

14 Part 1 reasons why the first underground in the world was developed E. To convey people to and around the city center D. To go to the outer city limits C. To relieve traffic jams B. To reduce pollution A. To protect the old buildings

15 Part 2 The following years indicate the important stages in the development of the London Underground before World War II. Find the information to match the years.

16 YearEvent The first tunnels were opened. The next section of the underground system was opened in the south of London. A public organization was created Many new stations were constructed. Two companies linked up and provided the underground service in the middle of the city. The first electric underground was opened. An underground railway was approved to be built. The first railway tunnel under the River Thames was dug.

17 Part 3 some unusual uses of the first underground during World War Ⅱ meeting rooms for the government administration. a bomb shelter an airplane factory a centre for directing the defence against air attacks

18 Part 4 Enlargement and popularity of the first underground system True of false questions

19 The last line added was the Victoria Line in 1979 in honor of the twenty-fifth anniversary Elisabeth II becoming the queen. The Victoria Line was linked with other lines at every station. The London underground system has been transporting large numbers of people for many years. The London underground system now goes twelve miles out of central London. F Jubilee Line F almost every station F 26 miles T

20 Consolidation Fill in the blanks to consolidate what you have learned.

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22 history initially/originally/first central electric consists

23 taking designer

24 shelter defense travelers/tourists/visitors

25 Group work A Press Conference Four students a group. One member acting as the spokesman /spokeswoman from London Transport will answer questions about the London Underground. The other members acting as journalists will raise questions about the London Underground. Make some notes during the preparation. Try to use complete sentences

26 An Example ---- Ladies and gentleman, I’m the spokesman from the London Transport. I’m willing to answer your questions Good morning. I’m a reporter from China Daily. Could you tell me when the first underground system was opened? ---- The first underground system was opened in Any other questions? The man in blue jacket, Please!

27 Practical Application Understand the map of the London Underground. Find the best way to reach your destination with the help of the map.

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29 common station interchange station transfer channel train station airport


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