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Skeletal X-ray Collected by Dr.Wala’a Gholam KAAU Jeddah, 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "Skeletal X-ray Collected by Dr.Wala’a Gholam KAAU Jeddah, 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 Skeletal X-ray Collected by Dr.Wala’a Gholam KAAU Jeddah, 2007

2 Skull (Lateral)

3 1. Frontal sinus 2. Ethmoidal sinus 3. Sphenoidal sinus 4. Maxillary sinus 5. Anterior clinoid processes 6. Hypophyseal fossa 7. Posterior clinoid processes 8. Clivus 9. Great density of the petrous part of the temporal bone 10. External acoustic meatus

4 11. Mastoid cells 12. Nasopharynx 13. Angle of mandible 14. Anterior arch of the atlas 15. Dens of axis 16. Posterior arch of the atlas 17. Internal occipital protuberance A. Coronal suture B. Lambdoid suture C. The grooves for the branches of the middle meningeal vessels

5 Skull (Anteroposterior)

6 1. Frontal sinus 2. Crista galli 3. Cribriform plate 4. Lesser wing of sphenoid 5. Superior orbital fissure 6. Superior border of petrous part of temporal bone 7. Dense shadow of petrous part of temporal bone 8. Perpendicular plate of the ethmoid 9. Vomer 10. Maxillary sinus 11. Inferior concha 12. Ramus of mandible 13. Body of mandible

7 Cervical Spine (Lateral)

8 1. Anterior arch of the atlas 2. Dens of axis 3. Posterior arch of the atlas 4. Soft palate 5. Root of the tongue 6. Transverse process 7. Intervertebral disc 8. Inferior articular process 9. Superior articular process 10. Zygapophyseal (facet) joint 11. Spinous process of C7 2nd-7th: The bodies of 2nd to 7th cervical vertebrae

9 Cervical Spine (Anteroposterior)

10 1. Bifid spinous process of C3 2. Superimposed articular processes 3. Uncinate processes 4. Air filled trachea 5. Transverse process of C7 6. Transverse process of T1 7. st rib 8. Clavicle 4th-7th: The bodies of 4th to 7th cervical vertebrae

11 Shoulder Joint (Anteroposterior)

12 1. Clavicle 2. Acromioclavicular joint 3. Acromion 4. Greater tubercle of humerus 5. Head of humerus 6. Lesser tubercle of humerus 7. Surgical neck of humerus 8. Coracoid process 9. Glenoid fossa 10. Shoulder joint 11. Lateral border of scapula

13 Elbow Joint (Anteroposterior)

14 1- Lateral supracondylar ridge 2- Medial supracondylar ridge 3- Olecranon fossa 4- Medial epicondyle 5- Lateral epicondyle 6- Capitulum 7- Olecranon 8- Trochlea 9- Coronoid process of ulna 10- Proximal radioulnar joint 11- Head of radius 12- Neck of radius 13- Tuberosity of radius 14- Ulna

15 Elbow Joint (Lateral)

16 6- Head of radius 7- Neck of radius 8- Tuberosity of radius 9- Ulna 1- Supracondylar ridge 2- Trochlea 3- Olecranon 4- Trochlear notch 5- Coronoid process of ulna

17 Forearm (Anteroposterior)

18 1- Scaphoid 2- Lunate 3- Styloid process of radius 4- Styloid process of ulna 5- Head of ulna 6- Radius 7- Ulna 8- Tuberosity of radius 9- Neck of radius 10- Head of radius 11- Proximal radioulnar joint

19 Hand (Carpal Tunnel)

20 1- Pisiform 2- Triquetrum 3- Hook of hamate 4- Capitate 5- Scaphoid 6- Trapezium 7- Ulna 8- Radius

21 Wrist Joint (Anteroposterior)

22 I-V: Metacarpals 1. Trapezium 2. Trapezoid 3. Capitate 4. Head of capitate 5. Hamate 6. Hook of hamate 7. Scaphoid 8. Lunate 9. Triquetrum 10. Pisiform 11. Styloid process of radius 12. Head of ulna 13. Styloid process of ulna 14. Radiocarpal joint 15. Distal radioulnar joint

23 Wrist Joint (Lateral)

24 1. 1st metacarpal 2. Metacarpals II-V 3. Trapezium 4. Tubercle of scaphoid 5. Lunate 6. Triquetrum 7. Radiocarpal joint 8. Distal end of radius 9. Distal end of ulna

25 Hand (Dorsopalmar)

26 A. Thumb B. Index C. Middle finger D. Ring finger E. Little finger I-V. Metacarpal bones 1-4: Distal phalanx 2: Middle phalanx 3-5: Proximal phalanx 6: Sesamoid bones 7: Distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 8: Proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP)

27 9- Metacarpophalangeal joint (V.) 10- Carpometacarpal joints 11- Trapezium 12- Trapezoid 13- Capitate 14- Hamate 15- Scaphoid 16- Lunate 17- Triquetrum 18- Pisiform 19- Radius 20- Ulna

28 Hand (Oblique)

29 A. Thumb B. Index C. Middle finger D. Ring finger E. Little finger1,4. Distal phalanx 2- Middle phalanx 3-5- Proximal phalanx 6- Sesamoid bones 7- Distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) 8- Proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) 9-Metacarpophalangeal joint (V.) 10- Carpometacarpal joints. 11-Trapezium 12- Trapezoid 13- Capitate 14- Hamate 15- Scaphoid 16- Lunate 17- Triquetrum 19- Radius 20- Ulna

30 Pelvis (Anteroposterior)

31

32 1. Lateral part of the sacrum 2. Gas in colon 3. Ilium 4. Sacroiliac joint 5. Ischial spine 6. Superior ramus of pubis 7. Inferior ramus of pubis 8. Ischial tuberosity 9. Obturator foramen 10. Intertrochanteric crest 11. Pubic symphysis 12. Pubic tubercle 13. Lesser trochanter 14. Neck of femur 15. Greater trochanter 16. Head of femur 17. Acetabular fossa 18. Anterior inferior iliac spine 19. Anterior superior iliac spine 20. Posterior inferior iliac spine 21. Posterior superior iliac spine 22. Iliac crest

33 Hip Joint (Anteroposterior)

34 1. Anterior superior iliac spine 2. Ilium 3. Anterior inferior iliac spine 4. Pelvic brim 5. Acetabular fossa 6. Head of femur 7. Fovea 8. Superior ramus of pubis 9. Obturator foramen 10. Inferior ramus of pubis 11. Pubic symphysis 12. Ischium 13. Lesser trochanter 14. Intertrochanteric crest 15. Greater trochanter 16. Neck of femur

35 Hip Joint (Frog Lateral)

36 1.Greater trochanter 2. Intertrochanteric crest 3. Lesser trochanter 4. Neck of femur 5. Head of femur 6.Acetabular fossa 7. Superior ramus of pubis 8. Obturator foramen 9. Inferior ramus of pubis 10. Ischium

37 Knee Joint (Anteroposterior)

38 1. Femur 2. Patella 3. Medial epicondyle of femur 4. Lateral epicondyle of femur 5. Medial condyle of femur 6. Lateral condyle of femur 7. Intercondylar eminence 8.Intercondylar notch 9. Knee joint 10. Lateral condyle of tibia 11. Medial condyle of tibia 12. Tibia 13. Fibula

39 Knee Joint (Lateral)

40 1. Femur 2. Lateral condyle of femur 3. Medial condyle of femur 4. Fabella 5. Patella 6. Base of patella 7.Apex of patella 8. Intercondylar eminence 9. Apex of fibula 10. Fibula 11. Tibia 12. Tibial tuberosity

41 Patella (Distal-proximal)

42 1. Patella 2. Medial part of patella 3. Lateral part of patella 4-5. Patellofemoral joint 6. Lateral femoral condyle 7. Medial femoral condyle

43 Lower Leg (Anteroposterior)

44 1. Femur 2. Medial condyle of femur 3. Lateral condyle of femur 4. Knee joint 5. Intercondylar eminence 6. Lateral condyle of tibia 7. Medial condyle of tibia 8. Fibula 9. Tibia 10. Head of fibula 11. Neck of fibula

45 Lower Leg (Lateral)

46 1. Femur 2. Knee joint 3. Intercondylar eminence 4. Tibial tuberosity 5. Fibula 6. Tibia 7. Ankle joint 8. Talus 9. Calcaneus

47 Ankle Joint (Lateral)

48 1- Fibula 2- Tibia 3- Ankle joint 4- Promontory of tibia 5- Trochlear surface of talus 6- Talus 7- Posterior tubercle of talus 8- Calcaneus 9- Sustentaculum tali 10- Tarsal tunnel 11- Navicular 12- Cuneiforms 13- Cuboid

49 Ankle Joint (Anteroposterior)

50 1- Fibula 2- Tibia 3- Distal tibiofibular joint 4- Malleolar fossa 5- Lateral malleolus 6- Ankle joint 7- Medial malleolus 8- Talus

51 Foot (Dorso-plantar)

52 A-E: Toes 1-5. (Great toe) I-V. Metatarsals 1-3: Distal phalax 4 Middle phalax 2-5 Proximal phalax 6- Interphalangeal joints 7- Metatarsophalangeal joints 8- bSesamoids 9- Head of metatarsal 10- Shaft (body) of metatarsal 11- Base of metatarsal 12- Cuneiforms 13- Navicular 14- Cuboid 15- Talus 16- Calcaneus 17- Tibia 18- Fibula 19- Tarsometatarsal joints 20- Transverse midtarsal joint

53 Foot (Oblique)

54 A-E: Toes 1-5. Great toe)) 1-3: Distal phalax 4- Middle phalax 2-5: Proximal phalax 6- Interphalangeal joints 7- Metatarsophalangeal joints 8- Sesamoids 9- Head of metatarsal 10- Shaft (body) of metatarsal 11- Base of metatarsal 12- Cuneiforms 13- Navicular 14- Cuboid 15- Talus 16- Calcaneus 17- Tibia 18- Fibula 19- Tarsometatarsal joints 20- Transverse midtarsal joint

55 collected by Dr.Wala’a Gholam KAAU Jeddah Source:

56


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