Presentation on theme: "PUNCTUATION ….don’t leave home without it. Courtesy of… Ask me to tell the joke…… A panda goes into a restaurant and eats a meal. Before he leaves, he."— Presentation transcript:
PUNCTUATION ….don’t leave home without it
Courtesy of… Ask me to tell the joke…… A panda goes into a restaurant and eats a meal. Before he leaves, he takes out and begins shooting “What are you doing?” screams the waitress. The panda replies, “When I looked myself up in the dictionary, it said a panda eats, shoots and leaves.
Punctuation is important A woman without her man is nothing. A woman, without her man, is nothing. A woman: without her, man is nothing.
Dear Jack, I want a man who knows what love is all about. You are generous, kind, thoughtful. People who are not like you admit to being useless and inferior. You have ruined me for other men. I yearn for you. I have no feelings whatsoever when we’re apart. I can be forever happy-will you let me be yours? Dear Jack, I want a man who knows what love is. All about you are generous, kind, thoughtful people, who are not like you. Admit to being useless and inferior. You have ruined me. For other men I yearn! For you I have no feelings whatsoever. When we’re apart I can be happy forever. Will you let me be? Yours,
The Comma,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1. used for lists 2. joins sentences 3. fills in gaps 4. used before direct speech 5. sets off interjections 6. come in pairs
The COMMA : Used for Lists Ex: My mom bought eggs, milk, cereal, and bread at the store. Put comma before the “and” (the Oxford comma)
The COMMA : Before Dialog I say, “Study your vocabulary.”
The COMMA: Marks Additional Info Mrs. Teacher, our evil language arts teacher, will be grading our timed writes. Mrs. Teacher will be grading our timed writes. If you take out the additional information the sentence is still grammatically correct!!! Yippee
Comma: Makes Connections Used when 2 complete sentences are joined together using the conjunctions,and,or,but,while,yet
Comma: Fills in Gaps p 89 ( for the sophisticated writer) Annie had dark hair; Sally, fair. Sally had fair hair. Implied
Comma: Sets off Interjections Holy Bologna, I received an A on an essay !
Comma Brilliance! Don’t be stupid! Where does the comma belong? Sam walked on her head a little higher than usual.
Comma Brilliance Don’t be stupid! Where does the comma belong? The driver managed to escape from the vehicle before it sank and swam to the river bank.
The fabulous, versatile apostrophe’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’ Good for many occasions!!! 1. Indicates possession 2. Indicates time or quantity 3. Indicates the omission of letters 4. Indicates the omission of numbers in dates 5. Indicates strange, nonstandard English. 6. Used in certain surnames ( last names) 7. Indicates plurals of words
The Apostrophe: Indicates Possession--- EXCEPT DO NOT You DO NOT need apostrophes for possessive determiners: my mine your yours his his her hers our ours its its your yours their theirs -
The Apostrophe: Indicates Possession To indicate a possessive of a plural noun The student’s calculator The group’s timed writes The women’s movement The babies’ bottles The boys’ hats
The Apostrophe: Indicates time or quantity In one week’s time Two weeks’ notice Four yards’ worth WRONG
The Apostrophe: Indicates omission of number in dates The summer of ’72. Class of ’15
The Apostrophe: Indicates omission of letters I s’pose, if we hadn’t stopped ‘im she would have hit ‘im. I suppose, if we had not stopped him she would have hit him. Used in dialog to reveal dialect Used by Shakespeare to maintain iambic pentameter Used to make contractions of words
The Apostrophe: It / it’s conundrum THE RULE : It’s stands for “it is” or “it has” If the sentence does not make sense, add the “is” or “has” then It is “its”
Let’s practice Its your turn Its got very cold outside Its mine That was its theme.
Fabulous Apostrophe Indicates strange, non-standard English Used in literature to demonstrate any type of accent Found in: Their Eyes Were Watching God Huckleberry Finn
Fabulous Apostrophe: Used in surnames Scarlett O’Hara Patrick O’Neil
Fabulous Apostrophe: Indicates plural of letters How many i’s are in the word Mississippi? The student had all A’s on her timed writes.
Fabulous Apostrophe: Indicates plurals of words What are do’s and don’ts? There are too many but’s and and’s at the beginning of sentences these days. NOTE: Word will underline this in red.
Colons:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 1. Almost always preceded by a complete sentence. EX: Tom has only one rule in life: Never eat anything bigger than your head. Tom has only one rule in life. Never eat anything bigger than your head. 2. Reminds us that there is more to the statement than meets the eye. EX: You can do it: And you will do it.
Colons…………use them correctly 3. Used to separate oppositional statements. EX: Man proposes: God disposes. Colons introduce the part of the sentence that: explains, restates, elaborates, undermines, or balances the preceding part. EXCEPT>>>>>>
Colons:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 4. To begin lists. EX: A model student always has a: pen, pencil, eraser, marker, highlighter, calculator, protractor, lip balm, and mini dictionary. 5. Set off book and film sub-titles from the main title. EX: Berks and Wankers: a pessimist’s view of language preservation EX: Eats Shoots and Leaves: The zero tolerance approach to punctuation.
Colons: Separate dramatic characters from dialog in a script or play. Mrs. Teacher: Are you ready for your timed write? Students: Nooooooooooooooooooooooooooo! 7. They start off long quotations of 40 words or more.
Colons: Indicates a quote of 40 words or more.
The Semicolon;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; Only full sentences should be joined by the semicolon. transition words that require a semicolon: ;however, ;nevertheless, ;also, ;consequently, ;hence,
The semicolon: A sort of Super comma ( I DO NOT advocate this because you ( sorry) need to learn to walk the grammatically correct way before you can run. It was a terrible day for the student: he lost his calculator; he forgot his vocabulary words; his girlfriend dumped him; and he forgot to sign up for the AP exams. Indicates a list acts as super comma
Fun with Punctuation Tom locked himself in the shed. England lost to Argentina. Unrelated sentences? Tom locked himself in the shed; England lost to Argentina. Events occurred at same time, but are they related??? Tom locked himself in the shed: England lost to Argentina. Ah, Tom locked himself in the shed because England lost to Argentina.