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1 Process : Process : 1. Presentation 1. Presentation 2. Listening 2. Listening 3. Comprehension 3. Comprehension 4. Practice 4. Practice 5. Homework.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Process : Process : 1. Presentation 1. Presentation 2. Listening 2. Listening 3. Comprehension 3. Comprehension 4. Practice 4. Practice 5. Homework."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1 Process : Process : 1. Presentation 1. Presentation 2. Listening 2. Listening 3. Comprehension 3. Comprehension 4. Practice 4. Practice 5. Homework 5. Homework

3 2 Unit 18 Lesson 69 The Office By Improve Cai By Improve Cai江苏省泰州第四中学

4 3 Make out the following pieces of office equipment The telephone The photocopier The typewriter The fax machine The computerThe printer The answering machine The word processor

5 4 Listen to the tape and try to choose the right title for each paragraph. Listen to the tape and try to choose the right title for each paragraph. Para the photocopier Para. 4 the word processor Para. 5 the answering machine Para the fax machine the printer

6 5 Read the passage quickly and then choose the best answers. 1. The photocopier is a type of machine which is used to ____. A make copies from new papers, books or reports A make copies from new papers, books or reports B send and receive messages quickly B send and receive messages quickly C record telephone calls when you are not in the office. C record telephone calls when you are not in the office. 2. The fax machine is used to ____. A type letters, design books or record information A type letters, design books or record information B send messages including words, pictures, designs and maps B send messages including words, pictures, designs and maps C type materials, save them for future use and make changes if C type materials, save them for future use and make changes if necessary necessary 3. The word processor is a kind of machine which is used to ___. A record messages and give information A record messages and give information B send or receive electronic signals which later can be changed back B send or receive electronic signals which later can be changed back into the shapes of letters or characters into the shapes of letters or characters C type materials, save them for future use and make changes if C type materials, save them for future use and make changes if necessary necessary A _______________________________________ B ___________________________________________ C ____________________________________________ ______ ______

7 6 4. The answering machine is used to ___. A record telephone messages when the receiver is absent A record telephone messages when the receiver is absent B make photocopies from books and newspapers B make photocopies from books and newspapers C send C send 5. … when everyone is rushed off their feet. A is extremely busy A is extremely busy B is very free B is very free C loses their feet C loses their feet 6. Which of the following statements is NOT true ? A Sending a fax is more expensive than posting or ing. A Sending a fax is more expensive than posting or ing. B We can send everything if we want it received quickly. B We can send everything if we want it received quickly. C Pictures, designs, maps and reports can be fax easily. C Pictures, designs, maps and reports can be fax easily. A _____________ B _______________________________________ A _______________________________________ rush sb. off one’s feet “ 使某人忙得不可开交 / 不亦乐乎 ” 常用于被动语形式 sb be rushed of one’s feet e.g. They are rushed off their feet with harvesting rice.

8 7 7. The advantage of the equipment mentioned in the passage is ___. A expensive B convenient C fast ___. A expensive B convenient C fast 8. Number the following statements about sending a fax a. change the signals back into the shapes of letters. a. change the signals back into the shapes of letters. b. place sheet of paper in a fax machine. b. place sheet of paper in a fax machine. c. change the shapes of letters into electronic signals. c. change the shapes of letters into electronic signals. d. read the writing on the page. d. read the writing on the page. e. send the signals down an ordinary line to another fax e. send the signals down an ordinary line to another fax machine A adecb B abedc C bdcea machine A adecb B abedc C bdcea 9. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A You can get the message received at night, using A You can get the message received at night, using answering machine. answering machine. B We can only get the white and dark copies. B We can only get the white and dark copies. C We can only store information on the processor machine. C We can only store information on the processor machine. C _____ B _________ A _______________________________________ _______________ _______________

9 8 Some language points in the passage 1. Offices cannot work properly without certain important pieces of equipment. ( Line 1 Para 1 ) 2. Once you have done this, you will quickly come … ( Line 3 Para 1 ) help vi. do vi. 帮助,有帮助性的 ; 辅助 ; 援助 满足需要 (一般译成 “ 行,适合,可以用 ” ) e.g. The telephone is not working. e.g. Don’t ask me about it. My secretary may help.e.g. The little bed will do for two children. equipment un. a piece of equipment as soon as 一 …… 就 …… 强调时间的紧接 e.g. Once you begin, you must go on. As soon as the bell rang, the students ran out of the classroom. work vi. 运行, 运作;起作用,有效 once conj. 一旦 …… 就 …… 带有条件意味 have an effect; do the deed

10 9 Some once – phrases: 立刻, 马上 ; 同时 突然 ; 同时 有时, 间或, 偶而 很久以前再一次 once and again Let him go for this once. I have met him not once. I have met him not once. The days when we used foreign oil are gone once and away. at once all at once once in a while once more = once again once upon a time 一再, 再三 (= for once, just for once) 就这一次 ; 破例一回 一次也不 once (and) for all 一劳永逸 ; 永久地 ; 彻底地 = once (and) for all 一劳永逸 ; 永久地 ; 彻底地 3. It is better to ask for help at the beginning rather than to wait … (Line3 Para 1) It is better to do sth. sb. had better do sth.

11 10 rather than 前后可以跟随两个相对称的名词、代词、形容词、 副词、动词、不定式、 V-ing 、介词短语和名词性从句 rather than 前后可以跟随两个相对称的名词、代词、形容词、 副词、动词、不定式、 V-ing 、介词短语和名词性从句 4. … and changes the shapes of letters into electronic signals. (Line2 Para 2) 注意下面句子中的介词不同 注意下面句子中的介词不同 Rather than stay at home, he would go out for a drive. Rather than stay at home, he would go out for a drive. e.g. Rather than went shopping, they did a good cleaning. e.g. Rather than went shopping, they did a good cleaning. He preferred to be the first rather than be the last. He preferred to be the first rather than be the last. We can change water into steam. We can change water into steam. Would you please change the curtain for a new one. Would you please change the curtain for a new one. The two men changed their cards with each other. The two men changed their cards with each other. sign n. 标记, 符号, 记号, 征兆, 迹象, v. 签名 ( 于 ), 署名 ( 于 ) ~, 签署 ; 用手势示意 sign n. 标记, 符号, 记号, 征兆, 迹象, v. 签名 ( 于 ), 署名 ( 于 ) ~, 签署 ; 用手势示意 signal n. 信号 signal n. 信号 signature n. 签名, 署名 signature n. 签名, 署名

12 11 5. So be careful with what you send! (Line5 Para 3) 6. When you have finished the letter, you make any changes you wish. (Line2 Para 5) make a/no/any change(s) 进行修改,作出修改 make a/no/any change(s) 进行修改,作出修改 you wish to make 的省略 you wish to make 的省略 7. When you return to the office the following morning or after the holiday, you can listen to the messages and take any necessary action. (Line2 Para 6) take actions 采取行动 take actions 采取行动 take steps/measures 采取措施 take steps/measures 采取措施 be careful with sth. = be careful in doing sth. 小心 / 细致地做或对待某 事 e.g. Be careful with your homework/task. 认真做家庭作业 / 完成任务 The man is very careful about his clothes. 对 … 小心 / 注意 We should all be careful of public property/ health.“ 珍重,注意 “ Be careful not to fall down. 当心别摔倒

13 12 act 指的是所做的事,着重指一次具体的行为 action 着重强调多次的,一般的或总的 “ 行为 ” ,也可表示做事的动 作或过程。 常和 take 搭配 。 作或过程。 常和 take 搭配 。 deed 指在智慧、力量、技能、勇气或品德方面达到一定境界时产 生的行为。它带有明显的好与坏的评判意味。 生的行为。它带有明显的好与坏的评判意味。 e.g. That is a just act. 那是正义之举 。 e.g. That is a just act. 那是正义之举 。 In that situation, you should take immediate action. In that situation, you should take immediate action. 在那种情形下,你应该立即采取行动 在那种情形下,你应该立即采取行动 One can’t do good deeds all life. One can’t do good deeds all life. 人不可能一辈子做好事 人不可能一辈子做好事

14 13 Choose the best answers 1. The doctor told me two pills of the medicine would ___, but it hasn ’ t ___; I am still in pain. it hasn ’ t ___; I am still in pain. A. do, helped B. work, done A. do, helped B. work, done C. help, done D. do, worked C. help, done D. do, worked 2. His mind, __ made up, will never be changed. A. once B. as soon as C. unless D. before A. once B. as soon as C. unless D. before 3. We ought to check up rather than just ___ what he said. A. accepted B. to accept C. accept D. be accepted A. accepted B. to accept C. accept D. be accepted 4. He had ___ his name before he saw the ___ of danger. A. signaled, signal B. signed, signal A. signaled, signal B. signed, signal C. signatured, signature D. signed, signature C. signatured, signature D. signed, signature D. _________ A. ____ C. ______ B. ___________

15 14 5. She is very careful ___ her appearance and ___ work. A. of, to B. about, with A. of, to B. about, with C. with, about D. to, of C. with, about D. to, of 6. Why don ’ t you take any __ to put out the fire. Is that a good ___? ___? A. action, act B. act, deed A. action, act B. act, deed C. deed, action D. action, deed C. deed, action D. action, deed 7. My father explained the word to me __ and I came to understand it. understand it. A. once upon a time B. once for all A. once upon a time B. once for all C. once again D. once and again C. once again D. once and again B. __________ D. ___________ C. __________

16 15 Read the passage and then choose the best answers Besides gathering and storing information, the computer can solve complicated ( 复杂的 )problems that once took months for people to do. For example, within sixteen hours an electronic brain named CHEOPS (which stands for Chemical Engineering Optimization System 化学工程优化系统 ) solved a difficult design problem. First, it was fed all the information necessary for designing a chemical plant( 化工厂 ). After running through 16,000 possible designs, it picked out the plan for the plant that would produce the most chemical at the lowest cost. Then it issued ( 展现 ) a printed set of exact specifications ( 规格 ). Before CHEOPS solved this problem, a team of engineers having the same information had worked for a year to produce only three designs, none of which was as efficient( 有 Besides gathering and storing information, the computer can solve complicated ( 复杂的 )problems that once took months for people to do. For example, within sixteen hours an electronic brain named CHEOPS (which stands for Chemical Engineering Optimization System 化学工程优化系统 ) solved a difficult design problem. First, it was fed all the information necessary for designing a chemical plant( 化工厂 ). After running through 16,000 possible designs, it picked out the plan for the plant that would produce the most chemical at the lowest cost. Then it issued ( 展现 ) a printed set of exact specifications ( 规格 ). Before CHEOPS solved this problem, a team of engineers having the same information had worked for a year to produce only three designs, none of which was as efficient( 有 效的 ) as the computers. At times computers seem almost human. They can “ read ” hand- printed letters, play chess, compose music( 作曲 ), write plays, and even design other computers. Is it any wonder that they are some- At times computers seem almost human. They can “ read ” hand- printed letters, play chess, compose music( 作曲 ), write plays, and even design other computers. Is it any wonder that they are some- times called “ thinking ” machines? Not even computers can predict( 预测 ) the future, but the benefits ( Not even computers can predict( 预测 ) the future, but the benefits ( 1_____________________________________________ 2 。 ———————————————— ——————————

17 16 益处 ) are becoming more obvious every day. a. computers are being used in space travel. Rockets, satellites and spaceships are guided by computers. a. computers are being used in space travel. Rockets, satellites and spaceships are guided by computers. b. Computers are being used in aviation( 航空 ). They are used in the training of airline pilots. Computers also direct the flight of planes from one city to another, control their air speeds and alti- b. Computers are being used in aviation( 航空 ). They are used in the training of airline pilots. Computers also direct the flight of planes from one city to another, control their air speeds and alti- tudes( 海拔高度 ), and even land them. c. Computers are being used in medicine. They are used in ana- lyzing( 分析 ) blood samples, in diagnosing ( 诊断 ) diseases, and in pre- scribing medication( 开处方 ) 。 They also keep records of the issue( 组 织 ) types of patients waiting for organ transplants( 器官移植 ). c. Computers are being used in medicine. They are used in ana- lyzing( 分析 ) blood samples, in diagnosing ( 诊断 ) diseases, and in pre- scribing medication( 开处方 ) 。 They also keep records of the issue( 组 织 ) types of patients waiting for organ transplants( 器官移植 ). Even though they are taking over some of the tasks that were once accomplished( 完成 ) by our own brains, computers are not replacing us – at least not yet. Our brain has more than 10 cells( 细胞 ). A compu- ter has only a few hundred thousand parts. For some time to come, then we can safely say that our brain is at least 1,000 times complex ( 复杂的 ) than a computer. How we use them is for us, not the compu- Even though they are taking over some of the tasks that were once accomplished( 完成 ) by our own brains, computers are not replacing us – at least not yet. Our brain has more than 10 cells( 细胞 ). A compu- ter has only a few hundred thousand parts. For some time to come, then we can safely say that our brain is at least 1,000 times complex ( 复杂的 ) than a computer. How we use them is for us, not the compu- ter to decide. 3.__ ___ 4.________________________ ___________________________________ ____________________

18 1. What might the author write about before the beginning of this passage? A. Computers can gather and store information. A. Computers can gather and store information. B. Computer cannot solve any complicated problems. B. Computer cannot solve any complicated problems. C. Computers can be used in aviation. C. Computers can be used in aviation. D. Computers are “ thinking ” machines. D. Computers are “ thinking ” machines. 2. The first paragraph is written to prove __ A. computers are as efficient as human brains. A. computers are as efficient as human brains. B. computers are sometimes much more efficient than B. computers are sometimes much more efficient than human brains. human brains. C. human brains are not necessary in designing chemical engineering system. C. human brains are not necessary in designing chemical engineering system. D. a team of engineers worked for a year to produce 16,000 possible designs. D. a team of engineers worked for a year to produce 16,000 possible designs. A. ___________________________________ B. __________________________________________ __________ 17

19 18 3. Which field is Not mentioned when the author refers to the benefits of computers? A. Medicine B. Flight A. Medicine B. Flight C. Space travel D. Agriculture C. Space travel D. Agriculture 4. According to the writer, computers __. A. have replaced human beings A. have replaced human beings B. are less complex human brains B. are less complex human brains C. will surely replace human brains in the future C. will surely replace human brains in the future D. can decide how human beings should use computers D. can decide how human beings should use computersD.__________ B._________________________

20 19Homework Supposing you are a secretary, please write a brief report about the need of some office equipment and the reasons. Supposing you are a secretary, please write a brief report about the need of some office equipment and the reasons.


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