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Elements of a Novel setting, theme, plot, dialog, style.

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Presentation on theme: "Elements of a Novel setting, theme, plot, dialog, style."— Presentation transcript:

1 Elements of a Novel setting, theme, plot, dialog, style

2 Plot Structure Exposition- sets up story & conflict Rising action Climax Falling action Denouement :final outcome or resolution

3 Plot What is the type of conflict ? Internal- man vs self External- man vs man Other: man vs society/culture/race/religion/technology/nature etc IDENTIFY TYPE OF CONFLICT

4 Plot structure Chronological Frame non-chronological ( by paragraph/ chapter?) WHY? What’s the effect? The author did it for a reason!

5 Plot structure Each genre has their own unique plot structure. Action adventure crime Romance- happily ever after ( G to X-rated ) Thriller-dead body in 1 st page Mystery/detective-a solvable crime (duh) Horror-gore Fantasy- unique fantastical world Sci-fi Western Inspirational Fiction can be Multi-genre Elements of several There are sub-groups within the genres Ex: historical fiction, urban fantasy, chick-lit, cozy, YA, magical realism, speculative, comedic, erotic, Christian

6 Character Development Omniscient 3 rd Achieved through… detailed description frontloaded Few or vague references Slowly revealed during story Character's own inner dialog Dialog with others Limited 3rd Achieved through… detailed description frontloaded few, vague references Slow revealed during story Character's own inner dialog about self Dialog with others

7 Character Development 1 st person ( how reliable is narrator?) Achieved through Dialog Description, exposition

8 Writing Style How does author achieve tone, imagery? Is it spare, concise, symbolic, heavy on the adjectives, metaphoric, complex, simple? Word play: alliteration, rhyme, rhythm, assonance, repetition, anaphora

9 Writing style Sentences: long, complex =general fiction) Short =thriller Poetic Lean (think Hemingway) graphic, specific =are you “there”) Vague =reader must use their imagination

10 Writing Style Which details are included and why? What’s NOT written? Or left out? Use of punctuation: caps, italics, parentheses, N-dash, ellipses

11 Over all Tone Dark Light Comedic Irreverent Witty Sarcastic Factual

12 Theme what point is the author trying to make? The _________of ___________ Abstract abstract idea, emotion idea/emotion Problems Consequences Beauty Pain Effects Joys Nature Hypocrisy Necessity Benefits Roles Benefits Values Nature Possibilities Violence Allure Injustice Ideals Struggles

13 Setting Don’t think just geographical location, setting is also: Historical Rural/urban topography= mountain/swamp/desert etc season

14 Put it all together How do all the elements work as a whole? Confusing? Why? Traditional? Why? Chaotic? Why A writer of literature uses all these elements for a purpose!


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