Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

High Availability Deep Dive What’s New in vSphere 5 David Lane, Virtualization Engineer High Point Solutions.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "High Availability Deep Dive What’s New in vSphere 5 David Lane, Virtualization Engineer High Point Solutions."— Presentation transcript:

1 High Availability Deep Dive What’s New in vSphere 5 David Lane, Virtualization Engineer High Point Solutions

2 Agenda What is High Availability What’s New in vSphere 5 Core Components of High Availability vSphere 5 How High Availability Works in vSphere 5 Scenarios for High Availability in vSphere 5 Exploiting High Availability with vSphere 5 Q&A

3 What is High Availability? The Answer to Hardware Density Concerns Resilient Architecture Automated Recovery Simple Setup / Familiar Interface

4 High Availability Prerequisites Minimum of 2 Hosts Minimum of 3GB of Host Memory VMware vCenter Server Shared Storage Pingable Constant Address (Gateway) HA Communication Firewall Ports (TCP/UDP 8182) Essentials Plus and Up

5 Configuring High Availability 10 Steps - 10 Minutes Create a Cluster Drag and Drop Hosts

6 What’s New for vSphere 5 FDM (Fault Domain Manager) – New HA Agent Master / Slave Nodes Datastore Heartbeating Enhanced Isolation Validation No DNS Dependency Supports Management Network Partitions Enhanced Admission Control Policies

7 Core HA Components of vSphere 5 FDM (Fault Domain Manager) VMware vCenter hostd

8 FDM Replaces Legato AAM (Automated Availability Manager) Single Process Agent with Watchdog Failsafe No DNS Dependency No DNS Limitations Consolidated Logging with Syslog Compatibility Talks Directly to hostd and vCenter Not Dependent on VPXA

9 VMware vCenter Deploys FDM Agents – Parallel (AAM Serial) Communicates Configuration Changes in Cluster to Master Node Retrieves Virtual Machine Status Displays Protection Status of VMs

10 hostd Required for FDM Runs on Host Relays information about VMs on host Responsible to Power On VMs

11 How Does High Availability vSphere 5 work? The Tools Master / Slave Nodes Heartbeating Isolated vs. Network Partitioned Virtual Machine Protection

12 Master / Slave Nodes One Master Node Per Cluster (exception Network Partitioned) Master Node Monitors VM Health Directs Slaves Master Node Takes Ownership of Datastores where VMs Configuration Files are Located Master Node Reports VM Status to vCenter Server Master Node Assigned by Election Slaves Monitor Their running VMs and send Status to Master and perform restarts on Master Node Requests Slaves Also Monitor Master Node Health

13 Master Node Election Election held When HA is Enabled or Reconfigured and When Master Node - Fails, Becomes Isolated or Partitioned, Disconnects from vCenter, In Maintenance Mode, In Standby Utilizes UDP Takes 15 Seconds Host with Most Connected Datastores Wins If Multiple Hosts Share Highest Number Of Datastores the Host with the highest Managed Object ID (MOID) Wins New Master Node will Attempt to Acquire Ownership of All Datastores by Locking “protectedlist” File (Protected VM List Inventory File, on Datastores in Cluster) In The Case of Master Node Isolation File Locks will be Released

14 Heartbeating Network Heatbeating Datastore Heartbeating

15 Network Heartbeating Heartbeats sent from Slaves to Master and From Master to Slaves Heartbeats Sent Every Second Determines the State Of the Hosts

16 Datastore Heartbeating Prevents Unnecessary Restarts Extra Heartbeat Added to Determine State if Management Network is Lost Validates Failure or Just Isolation Uses PowerOn File to Determine Isolation

17 Isolated vs. Network Partitioned Isolated (Host Separated from Master VMs May be Restarted) –Not Receiving Heartbeat From Master –Not Receiving Election Traffic –Cannot Ping Isolation Address Partitioned (Multiple Host Isolated but Can Communicate to Each Other Over Management Network) –Not Receiving Heartbeats from Master –Does Receive Election Traffic

18 Virtual Machine Protection vCenter Server Performs Protection on State Change Protection guaranteed when the master has committed the change of state to disk Protectedlist File Contains VM State and Protection

19 Scenarios For High Availability vSphere 5 Using The Tools Failed Host Isolated Host Application Monitoring - Failed VM OS

20 Failed Host Failed Master Host – Master Election Initiated – New Master Elected – New Master Restarts all VMs on the Protectedlist with Not Running State Failed Slave Host – Master Check Network heartbeat – Master Checks Datastore Heartbeat – Master Restarts VMs Affected

21 Isolated Host Isolation Responses – Power Off – Leave Powered On – Shut Down Isolation Detection – Slaves will Hold Single Server Election and Check Ping Address – Master will Check Ping Address – Master Restarts VMs Affected

22 Application Monitoring - Failed VM OS Restarts Individual VM When Needed Configurable VM Tools Heartbeat Monitors Network and Storage I/O Activity as Fail-Safe

23 Exploiting HA with vSphere 5 Stretched Clusters – Storage DRS Blade Chassis Failure Larger Clusters Tenant Based Cloud

24 Q&A


Download ppt "High Availability Deep Dive What’s New in vSphere 5 David Lane, Virtualization Engineer High Point Solutions."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google