3 Budget Report UK Economy • The economy is predicted to grow by 1.7% (1.2%) this year, 2.5% (2.3%) next year, 2.9% (2.9%) in 2013 and 2014 and 2.8% (2.7%) in 2015.• The UK is set to miss the previous government’s “golden rule” – described as “disastrous” -of borrowing only to invest over the economic cycle.• Consumer price inflation is expected to reach 4.4% by the end of before “returning to target in the medium term”. The inflation target remains at 2%, as measured by the Retail Prices Index.• Unemployment is forecast to peak this year at 8.1% and then fall for each of the next four years, to reach 6.1% in 2015.
4 Borrowing/Deficit • The structural current deficit “should be in balance” one year earlier by• The measures are forecast to result in publicsector net borrowing of £146B (£149bn) this year,£122bn (£116bn) next year, £70bn(£89bn) inand £46bn (£60bn) in Mr Osborne said bythe deficit would be £29bn, .
5 Spending • The state accounts for “almost half” of all national income which was“completely unsustainable”.Reductions in expenditure forecasts not evident however.(GBP710B v GBP 696B last year)
7 Government SpendingThis amounts to approx GBP10,000 per person
8 Taxes • From January 4 2011, the main rate of VAT rose from 17.5% to 20%. Current zero-rated items likechildren’s clothes and magazines will remain.(VAT rate in Germany 19%, in France 19.6%)• Personal income tax allowance to be increased by£1,000 in April 2011 to £7,475 – worth £170 a year tobasic rate taxpayers and to £8,105 in• Councils offered extra funds to allow them to freezeCouncil tax for one year from April 2011.
9 Merger of Income Tax and National Insurance • A review of this will be implemented.• Gift Aid limit to be increased from GBP500 to GBP2,500Statutory definition of “residence” to be introduced in 2012
10 Taxes• Capital Gains Tax remains in 18% for low and middle-income savers but from midnight 22 June 2010, higher rate taxpayers l pay 28%.• 10 % reduction in Inheritance Tax, if 10% of estate gifted to charity.
11 Tax Policy Framework New framework introduced Office of Tax Simplification identified 43 tax reliefs which will be abolished.
12 Income Tax Measures - Previous 50% top tax rate, on earnings over GBP150,000,from 6 April 2010 – a “temporary” measureAllowances phased out from GBP100,000
13 UK Income Tax rates 2010/11 £0 - £2,440 10%* £2,441 - £37,400 20% 2010/11 £0 - £2, %*£2,441 - £37, %£37, £150, %£150,000 and above %2011/12 £ £2, %*£2, £35, %£35, and above 40%* Savings tax rate except interest is 20%. Dividends 10% / %/42.5%
14 UK Personal Allowances (£ per year) / /12Personal Allowance (age under 65) ,475 7,475Personal Allowance (age 65-74) 9,490 9,940Personal Allowance (age 75 and over) 9, ,090Married couple’s allowance*(age less than 75 and born after 6th April 1935) N/A N/A(age 75 and over) 6,965 7,295minimum amount 2,670 2,800Aged income limit 22, ,000* Abates by £1 for every £2 of income over £100,000 from 2010/11
15 Pensions - Previous Confirming previous announcements… Salary over GBP180,000 – only basic rate reliefSalary over GBP150,000 – relief reduced on a sliding scaleIn practice those on GBP130,000 or more maybe affected – salary calculated inclusive of employer pension/charity contributionsAnnual allowance raised to GBP250,000, lifetime allowance to GBP1,800,000 – frozen till 2015/16
16 Capital Gains Tax Increased to 28% from midnight on 22nd June 2010 • Split year treatment not clearExempt amount £10,600Entrepreneurs relief doubled to £10m from
17 Cigarettes, Alcohol and Fuel • Fixed duty reduced to 1p per litre and duty “escalator” stoppedEquivalent to a saving to 5p per litre
18 Tax Avoidance and Tax Evasion • 14 BN lost in 2008 per HMRCNew strategy paper to be issuedEnforcement of tax debts noticeably stricterNew Tax penalty regime coming in from April 2011, as previously announced.
19 PensionsThe government will accelerate the increase in state pension age to 66.There will be regular reviews to increase pension age future.
20 Non UK Domiciles• Remittance Basis Charge increases to £50,000 in year 12 of UK Tax residence.No “other” announcements re Non Doms in this Parliament.No remittance charge on direct investment into UK businesses.
21 Non UK Domicile Statistics The number of individuals who filed a UK self-assessment (SA) tax return and indicated that they were non-domiciled was as follows:The total amount of UK income tax and capital gains tax (CGT) paid by individuals who completed an SA return and indicated that they were non-domiciled was as follows:YearNumber110,000111,000117,000140,000123,000Year£ billion3.34.05.06.95.9
22 Business • From April 2011, the threshold at which employers start to pay National Insurance will rise by £21 perweek, above indexation.• Corporation Tax will be cut this year by 2% to 26% and by 1% annually for the next three years, until it reaches 23%. The small companies’ tax rate will be cut to 20%; and in 2012 is TBA.Special Northern Ireland Corporation Tax rateR & D tax credits for SMEs 200% (from 175%)
23 Banks and Petroleum Companies • The bank levy will be increased to 0.78% from Jan2012 (0.7%), which will apply to thebalance sheets of UK banks and building societiesBut smaller banks will not have to pay.• Implemented in France and Germany and the USSupplementary oil and gas co charge increases to 32%(20%)
24 TOP 10 UK TAX TIPS - 2010/2011 IHT - Annual gift value £3,000 CGT - Annual Exemption £10,500Charitable donations for the Tax payer - up to 40% reliefPurchase p+m by business(furnished holiday lettings loss cannot be outset against otherincome after 5th April 2011)NI and IT increases 6th April, so pay bonuses now.ISA’s £10,200 ( £5,100 in cash)VCT £200,000 (30% tax relief)EIS £500,000 (20% tax relief increased to 30% in Budget). (58% relief inc CGT)
25 TOP 10 UK TAX TIPS – 2010/2011Tax refunds for 2006/07 to be claimed (re Higher Rate relief on pensions)If income under GBP130,000 for the last 3 years make pension conts up to £255,000; from 5th April its capped at £50,000.Non -Residents - check 90 days rule in UK.RBC - £30,000 payment arrangements in place by 5th April for next year’s payment.