Presentation on theme: "A colonial era showdown. 3,731 Miles They had a lot of freedom – they became used to ruling themselves and ignoring the laws of Parliament. Side note:"— Presentation transcript:
A colonial era showdown
They had a lot of freedom – they became used to ruling themselves and ignoring the laws of Parliament. Side note: Parliament is the part of government in England responsible for making laws. Remember, they were 3,731 miles apart… Who is that? Other references to England: England Great Britain The Crown (referring to the King in British government) Parliament
Great Britain had emerged on the world stage as a country of power….which often meant they were in wars. Because of the wars they were fighting, Britain wasn’t paying much attention to the colonies …out of sight, out of mind. Once their war with France was over, England needed money as wars are expensive to fight. England turned to the colonies as a source of income and increased taxes and started enforcing restrictions on the colonies in the form of acts…
One third of colonists enjoyed the freedom from the British government they were experiencing They felt that perhaps the colonies should become their own country – they were called “Patriots” Another third of the population felt differently – they remained loyal to the British government which is why they were given the name “Loyalists” The final third of the people didn’t have an opinion either way – they hadn’t made up their minds about independence Which view would you relate to?
Half of you will be members of Parliament back in Great Britain… …and half of you will be Patriots in the colonies in the Americas. On your worksheet, you will need to read each policy as it comes up on a slide and form an argument for or against the policy based on your role. The side with the most convincing argument will win the round.
This law banned settlement in certain western lands. The purpose was to reduce tensions between the colonists and Native Americans. The British army could then withdraw from the frontier and, thus, save money. Parliament and Patriots – make your arguments!
This act gave the British navy greater power to search colonial ships. The law also required products such as tobacco, sugar and timber to be shipped directly from the colonies to Britain. The law set taxes on cloth, sugar, coffee, and wine coming into the colonies. The purpose of this law was to stop the smuggling of goods into and out of the colonies. Parliament and Patriots – make your arguments!
This law imposed a tax on every legal document, newspaper, pamphlet, and deck of cards coming into the colonies. Parliament and Patriots – make your arguments!
The British government moved the army from the western lands into the cities. The law required colonists who were innkeepers of public officials to house and feed the British soldiers. Parliament and Patriots – make your arguments!
The law stated that Parliament has the right to pass laws for the colonies in “all cases whatsoever.” Its purpose was to remind the colonists that the authority of the king and Parliament was superior to colonial governments. Parliament and Patriots – make your arguments!
This law gave the East India Company the sole right to sell tea to the colonies – no other companies were permitted to sell tea. The East India Company was a large and important corporation in Britain. The purpose of the law was to keep the company from going broke. Parliament and Colonists – make your arguments!
The colonists believed taxes like these should only be passed by their colonial legislatures Remember, Parliament, who was imposing the taxes, was over 3,000 miles away
Colonists were protesting the new taxes in Boston British soldiers open fired on the protestors and killed 5 people. This incident showed colonists that the British would use military force to make the colonists obey the laws
Colonial protestors were impeding the unloading of tea in Boston Harbor Remember, there was a monopoly and tax placed on all tea in the colonies, making it very expensive Protestors emptied 342 chests of tea and dumped them in the Boston Harbor The colonists decided it was time to make their voices heard – it was time to make a Declaration…
1774 – Colonists decided it was time to come together to unite against the British government. The committees of correspondence had representatives from the colonies come together once a year to discuss the interests of the colonies. Committees of correspondence were how the colonies stayed in communication about events and opinions throughout the colonies.
The committees of correspondence called representatives to come together at a general congress (meeting): At the First Continental Congress,12 of 13 colonies attended to decide on the best approach to deal with the British government. The Congress decided to ban trade with Great Britain.
The banning of trade with Great Britain resulted in the outbreak of fighting between the colonists and the British The fight at Lexington and Concord would become the first of the Revolutionary War NO TRADE
At the Second Continental Congress: Congress officially decided to resist the British Congress selected George Washington to lead the army After a year, Congress asked a committee of representatives to create a document that stated why the colonists decided to fight for independence. This document would become the Declaration of Independence