Presentation on theme: "Module 1 – Circle 6 Risalah (Prophethood). Module 1 – Circle 6 What is Risalah? Risalah is the channel of communication between Allah swt and His creation."— Presentation transcript:
Module 1 – Circle 6 Risalah (Prophethood)
Module 1 – Circle 6 What is Risalah? Risalah is the channel of communication between Allah swt and His creation. Allah swt communicates to His creation through His Messengers (Prophets), His Books, and His Angels (who deliver the message).
Module 1 – Circle 6 Who was the First Prophet of Islam? The First Prophet of Islam was Adam (as). Allah swt says in the Qur'an, "We said: "Get down all of you from this place (Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve." (Surah Al Baqara 2:38)
What did Adam (as) teach? Adam (as) was taught knowledge by Allah swt. "And he taught Adam all the names, then presented them to the angels; then He said: Tell me the names of those if you are right. (Surah 2:31) Adam (as) and all of the prophets that followed him came with the same message; calling the people to turn from the worship of false dieties, to the worship of Allah alone, and establishing piety on the earth. Module 1 – Circle 6
How many Prophets were sent to mankind? Approximately 124,000 Prophets were sent to mankind. Allah swt says in the Quran: And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger [saying], Worship God and avoid taghut. And among them were those on whom God guided, and among them were those upon whom error was [deservedly] decreed. So proceed [i.e., travel] through the earth and observe how was the end of the deniers. (Qur'an 16:36)
Module 1 – Circle 6 Are all of these Prophets mentioned in the Quran? The Quran mentions 25 Prophets by name. These are: Adam –Adam, Idris – Enoch, Nuh – Noah, Hud- Eber, Saleh –Shelah, Ibrahim-Abraham, Lut –Lot, Ismail – Ishmael, Is'haq –Isaac, Yaqub-Jacob, Yusuf –Joseph, Ayub – Job, Shoaib- Jethro, Musa – Moses, Harun –Aaron, Dhul-Kifl –Ezekiel, Daud –David, Sulayman –Solomon, Ilyas –Elijah, Al-Yasa –Elisha, Yunus –Jonah, Zakariya- Zacharias, Yahya-John, Isa-Jesus, Muhammad-Mohammed (May the Peace and Blessings of Allah swt be upon them all)
Module 1 – Circle 6 What is the difference between a Nabi and a Rasul? Some Messengers were Nabis only. However, some Messengers were Nabis and Rasuls. A Rasul was a messenger of Allah who was given a new Shariah (codes of law) from Him. And a Nabi was also the messenger of Allah, but he was not given any new Shariah and followed the shariah of an earlier Rasul.
Module 1 – Circle 6 How many Rasuls were there? There were 5 Rasuls mentioned in the Quran. Prophet Nooh (as) was given a Shariah which was followed by other prophets up to the time of Hazrat Ibrahim(as). Prophet Ibrahim (as) was given a Shariah which remained in force up to the time of Hazrat Musa. i.e., Hazrat Yaqub, Hazrat Lut, Hazrat Yousuf (as) etc. followed the Shariat of Ibrahim. Prophet Musa (as) was given a new Shariah which was followed by all the prophets of Bani Israel until the time of Hazrat Isa (as). Prophet Isa (as) was given a new Shariat which remained in force upto the time of the Holy Prophet. Prophet Muhammad (saw) was given the last and the most perfect Shariah which will remain in force up to the last day of the world.
Module 1 – Circle 6 Which Revelations were revealed to each Rasul? The Tawrat (Torah) was revealed to Musa (as) The Zabur was revealed to Dawood (as) The lnjil (Bible) was revealed to lsa (as) There was also a Revelation given to Ibrahim (as) known as the Suhuf-e-lbrahim (Scrolls of Ibrahim) The Quran was revealed to Muhammed (pbuh)
Module 1 – Circle 6 Should Muslims still follow the Revelations prior to the Quran? Only the Quran exists in its original form, unchanged. The other divine books are not available in their original language and form. Even their original texts do not exist. The Zabur, Tawrat and lnjil were compiled by their followers many years after the death of the prophets to whom they were revealed. Their compilers have modified, changed and distorted Allah's words. They mixed their words with Allah's words. Even if they were available, the Quran supersedes all of the older revelations.
Module 1 – Circle 6 How does a Rasul receive Revelation? The Rasul [Apostle] receives the message from Allah Taala in many different manners such as, vision during sleep, direct communication with angels when he is awake. i.e., he can see and speak to the angels during communication of Divine message. But the Nabi [prophet] differs from the Rasul in that he does not see the angels when awake but sees during sleep.
Module 1 – Circle 6 Who is the main Angel who delivers the Message to the Prophets? Allah maintains His kingdom in the most superb way. The angels are his most obedient and loyal servants. They carry out his commandments. They help man in the use of free will. Their duty is to glorify and praise Allah. They never get tired. They do not eat or sleep. They do not have free will. They can take any suitable form to do their duties. They have been created from divine light (Nur). The most prominent among the angels are Jibrail. He brought the revelations from Allah to all the Prophets.
Module 1 – Circle 6 Did the Prophets know why Allah swt had created us? Truly, man has been created for a noble and great purpose - that he may worship Allah alone, without any partners. Allah has said in the Quran: And I have only created jinn and mankind to worship Me.(Surah Al-Dhaariyaat 51:56)
Module 1 – Circle 6 Will there be any further Revelations from Allah swt to guide us in the future? There will be no further Revelations from Allah swt until the Day of Judgement. Allah swt also makes clear in the Quran that the Religion of Islam is complete: This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islâm as your religion. (Surah Al- Maidah, 5: 3) The Prophet pbuh said in his last sermon: O People! No Prophet or Apostle Will Come after Me and No New Faith Will Be Born. Reason well, therefore, O People! and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the QURAN and my SUNNAH (i.e., sayings, deeds, and approvals) and if you follow these you will never go astray.