11 CULTURAL PRACTICES IN CAPSICUM Crop SupportPinching /ToppingPruningTraining:1. Two-leader system2. Four-leader systemFruit PruningHarvestingYieldPost Harvest Tech.
12 DEVELOPMENT AND QUALITY Humidity at night > 80% Fruit CrackingLow humidity, high temp. Blossom End RotExcess sunlight Fruit burnLack of sunlight Poor color, small sizeB.Bee pollination Increase fruit size
13 CROP SUPPORT 3 overhead support wires are required for one bed Overhead support wires ( 12 gauge)At least 3 to 3.5 m above the surface of bedsFour numbers plastic twines (thread) are hung from top for each plant.Plastic twine, loosely anchored around the base of the plants (non slip loop) at one end
15 TOPPINGTopping means to remove the growing point of the plants, leaving 4-6 leaves below the stem.Topping should be done 21 days after planting Topping should be done with the help of secature or thumps
18 TRAINING Two-Leader system: After the pruning (pinching) plant is splitting into two main shoots, these two shoots shall be maintained as two leaders.
19 TWO-LEADER SYSTEMTwo leader or branches maintain per plant
20 FOUR LEADER SYSTEMThe crown bud of the plant is topped leaving 5 or 6 leaves below the stem, 21 days after planting.Four strong shoots are growing from the axils of lower leaves. These four shoots shall be maintained as four leaders.
21 FOUR-LEADER SYSTEMFour leader or branchesmaintain per plant
22 FRUIT PRUNINGToo many fruits on the plant at one time it is necessary to remove some fruits,Thinning to 4-6 fruit on the first flush (2-3 fruits per shoot) will increase the size and result in higher total yield.After the first flush, thinning should be limited to the removal of misshapen fruits.
23 HARVESTING Harvesting in capsicum starts after 75-90 days. Harvesting should be done with the help of sharp knife.Yield: Expected yield of capsicum is 8-10 kg per square meter.
24 GRADING Domestic market: Grading according to fruit weight A gmB gmC. <140gm
25 GRADING Export Market: Grading according to Fruit Diameter Size Grade (Fruit diameter in mm)>80 mm Extra Largemm Largemm Mediummm Chopper
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