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COLOUR CAPSICUM COLOUR CAPSICUM FarmingQuest.com.

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Presentation on theme: "COLOUR CAPSICUM COLOUR CAPSICUM FarmingQuest.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 COLOUR CAPSICUM COLOUR CAPSICUM FarmingQuest.com

2 TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY Seed Germination – 24-25°C Seed Germination – 24-25°C Plant Growth °C Plant Growth °C Flowering °C Flowering °C Fruit Setting °C Fruit Setting °C Humidity Ranges - 50% to 80% Humidity Ranges - 50% to 80%

3 CAPSICUM CAPSICUM Bed Preparation Bed Preparation 1. Top width –90cm. 2. Path width –50 cm 3. Height – 40 cm

4 BED PREPARATION IN CAPSICUM BED PREPARATION IN CAPSICUM

5 VARIETIES Popular varieties in Indian conditions Popular varieties in Indian conditions Red :- Bombii, Union(Imported) Red :- Bombii, Union(Imported) Yellow:- Orabella Yellow:- Orabella Orange:- Boxer Orange:- Boxer Green- Indra ( this variety grow in open as well as shade-net house cultivation) Green- Indra ( this variety grow in open as well as shade-net house cultivation)

6 PLANTING MATERIAL Diseases free seedling of four to five Diseases free seedling of four to five weeks of age are used for transplanting, weeks of age are used for transplanting, Height of Seedling- 16cm are used for Height of Seedling- 16cm are used for transplanting transplanting

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8 PLANTING Planting Distance: Planting Distance: 1) cm between two plants 1) cm between two plants 2) 50 cm between two rows 2) 50 cm between two rows

9 ROOT GALL DIPPING

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11 CULTURAL PRACTICES IN CAPSICUM Crop Support Crop Support Pinching /Topping Pinching /Topping Pruning Pruning Training: Training: 1. Two-leader system 1. Two-leader system 2. Four-leader system 2. Four-leader system Fruit Pruning Fruit Pruning Harvesting Harvesting Yield Yield Post Harvest Tech. Post Harvest Tech.

12 DEVELOPMENT AND QUALITY DEVELOPMENT AND QUALITY Humidity at night > 80% Fruit Cracking Humidity at night > 80% Fruit Cracking Low humidity, high temp. Blossom End Rot Low humidity, high temp. Blossom End Rot Excess sunlight Fruit burn Excess sunlight Fruit burn Lack of sunlight Poor color, small size Lack of sunlight Poor color, small size B.Bee pollination Increase fruit size B.Bee pollination Increase fruit size

13 CROP SUPPORT 3 overhead support wires are required for one bed 3 overhead support wires are required for one bed Overhead support wires ( 12 gauge) Overhead support wires ( 12 gauge) At least 3 to 3.5 m above the surface of beds At least 3 to 3.5 m above the surface of beds Four numbers plastic twines (thread) are hung from top for each plant. Four numbers plastic twines (thread) are hung from top for each plant. Plastic twine, loosely anchored around the base of the plants (non slip loop) at one end Plastic twine, loosely anchored around the base of the plants (non slip loop) at one end

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15 TOPPING TOPPING Topping means to remove the growing point of the plants, leaving 4-6 leaves below the stem. Topping means to remove the growing point of the plants, leaving 4-6 leaves below the stem. Topping should be done 21 days after planting Topping should be done 21 days after planting Topping should be done with the help of secature or thumps Topping should be done with the help of secature or thumps

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18 TRAINING Two-Leader system: Two-Leader system: After the pruning (pinching) plant is splitting into two main shoots, these two shoots shall be maintained as two leaders. After the pruning (pinching) plant is splitting into two main shoots, these two shoots shall be maintained as two leaders.

19 TWO-LEADER SYSTEM TWO-LEADER SYSTEM Two leader or branches maintain per plant

20 FOUR LEADER SYSTEM FOUR LEADER SYSTEM The crown bud of the plant is topped leaving 5 or 6 leaves below the stem, 21 days after planting. The crown bud of the plant is topped leaving 5 or 6 leaves below the stem, 21 days after planting. Four strong shoots are growing from the axils of lower leaves. These four shoots shall be maintained as four leaders. Four strong shoots are growing from the axils of lower leaves. These four shoots shall be maintained as four leaders.

21 FOUR-LEADER SYSTEM FOUR-LEADER SYSTEM Four leader or branches maintain per plant

22 FRUIT PRUNING Too many fruits on the plant at one time it is necessary to remove some fruits, Too many fruits on the plant at one time it is necessary to remove some fruits, Thinning to 4-6 fruit on the first flush (2-3 fruits per shoot) will increase the size and result in higher total yield. Thinning to 4-6 fruit on the first flush (2-3 fruits per shoot) will increase the size and result in higher total yield. After the first flush, thinning should be limited to the removal of misshapen fruits. After the first flush, thinning should be limited to the removal of misshapen fruits.

23 HARVESTING HARVESTING Harvesting in capsicum starts after days. Harvesting in capsicum starts after days. Harvesting should be done with the help of sharp knife. Harvesting should be done with the help of sharp knife. Yield: Expected yield of capsicum is 8-10 kg per square meter. Yield: Expected yield of capsicum is 8-10 kg per square meter.

24 GRADING Domestic market: Domestic market: Grading according to fruit weight Grading according to fruit weight A gm A gm B gm B gm C. <140gm C. <140gm

25 GRADING Export Market: Export Market: Grading according to Fruit Diameter Size Grade Size Grade (Fruit diameter in mm) >80 mm Extra Large >80 mm Extra Large mm Large mm Large mm Medium mm Medium mm Chopper mm Chopper

26 Thank you for your interest Please follow us in our Blog, it’ll motivate us for do more and getting into new things. Thank you for all your support. Regards. FarmingQuest.com


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