2 1In the 1850s, the phrase “Bleeding Kansas” was used to describe clashes betweenA. proslavery and antislavery groupsB. Spanish landowners and new American settlersC. Chinese and Irish railroad workersD. Native American Indians and white settlers
6 3How did the Missouri Compromise resolve a conflict between the North and the South?A. It maintained a balance of slave and free states in the Senate.B. It maintained a balance of state representation in the House of Representatives.C. It brought an end to the Civil War.D. It established the Fugitive Slave Law.
7 Answer 3A. It maintained a balance of slave and free states in the Senate.
8 4People accused of being a fugitive slave could be held without an arrest warrant. They had no right to a trial by jury. Instead a federal commissioner ruled on each case. The commissioner received five dollars for releasing the defendant and ten dollars for turning the defendant over to the slaveholder.The scenario described above would apply to which of the following—A. Kansas-Nebraska ActB. Missouri CompromiseC. Compromise of 1850D. Dred Scott v Sandford
10 5In 1854, Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois drafted a bill to organize territorial government. He proposed that it be divided into two territories. To get southern support for the bill Douglas suggested the issue be settled by popular sovereignty. Even though the bill angered opponents of slavery it passed.The scenario above would apply to the following—A. Dred Scott v SandfordB. Kansas-Nebraska ActC. Missouri CompromiseD. Compromise of 1850
12 6 Which of the following was a result of the Compromise of 1850? A. Owning slaves was forbidden in Washington, D.C.B. Slavery was permitted in the new state of California.C. Importation of slaves from Africa was declared illegal.D. Runaway slaves had to be returned to Southern owners.
13 Answer 6D. Runaway slaves had to be returned to Southern owners.
14 7From 1820 to 1865, the debates over nullification, protective tariffs, and the spread of slavery into the new territories concerned the constitutional issue of theA. balance of power between the federal and state governmentsB. balance between the rights of individuals and the need to maintain orderC. protection of the rights of ethnic and racial groupsD. separation of power between the executive and legislative branches
15 Answer 7A. balance of power between the federal and state governments
16 8Which event was the immediate cause of the secession of several Southern states from the Union in 1860?A. the Dred Scott decision, which declared that all prior compromises on the extension of slavery into the territories were unconstitutionalB. the Missouri Compromise, which kept an even balance between the number of free and slave statesC. the raid on the Federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, which was led by the militant abolitionist John BrownD. the election of President Abraham Lincoln, who opposed the spread of slavery into the territories
17 Answer 8D. the election of President Abraham Lincoln, who opposed the spread of slavery into the territories
18 9One impact of President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, on January 1, 1863, was slavery would be illegal in the—A. United States and the ConfederacyB. United States, its territories, and the border statesC. states or parts of states remaining in rebellionD. parts of the Confederacy then under federal control
19 Answer 9C. states or parts of states remaining in rebellion
20 10 An effect of the Confederate firing on Fort Sumter in 1861 was? A. The election of Abraham Lincoln.B. The declaration of the Emancipation Proclamation.C. The passing of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments.D. The start of the Civil War.
22 11General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. It was here where he launched an attack to break through the Union forces. What would you conclude was the overriding reason for his ultimate loss in this battle?A. The railroad carrying reinforcements was attacked further southB. The Confederate army was cut off by Sheridan’s cavalryC. Lack of reliable intelligence about opposing strengthD. The failure of the Union Calvary
23 Answer 11C. Lack of reliable intelligence about opposing strength
24 12In the United States, which situation that developed during the Civil War helped lead to the rapid development of big business?A. The large Southern factories that had competed with Northern factories were destroyed during the war.B. The Union government granted very large contracts for war supplies to Northern manufacturers.C. The government operated and consolidated most of the Northern manufacturing companies during the war.D. Northern business took over much of the European trade lost by the South due to the war.
25 Answer 12B. The Union government granted very large contracts for war supplies to Northern manufacturers.
26 13The slave rebellions like the one led by Nat Turner resulted in the passing of what policy?A. The Kansas-Nebraska ActB. Fugitive Slave ActC. Popular SovereigntyD. The Turner Slave Act
28 14Between 1870 and 1900, the city became a symbol of a new America which attracted many people. Workers were drawn by economic opportunity and the promise of a more exciting life. Why was there an increase in the jobs available at factories in big cities?A. The people provided cheap labor with the many jobs availableB. The businesses saw the need for additional regulationsC. Businesses knew workers were going to have to come from somewhereD. The people were able to adapt to the ever-changing conditions of the cities
29 ANSWER 14A. The people provided cheap labor with the many jobs available
30 15Which of these documents established the principle of the United States as a federal union?A. the Declaration of IndependenceB. the Bill of RightsC. the Mayflower CompactD. the United States Constitution
34 17The 3rd Amendment to the Constitution of the U.S. states that, “No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.”What brought about the need for this amendment according to the Founding Fathers?A. A prior King of England abused civil liberties of his subjects through the Quartering ActB. The perception that this type of quartering might happen with the new King in chargeC. It was omitted in the Declaration of IndependenceD. Founders wanted to ensure the people had a designated right to prevent unreasonable searches
35 ANSWER 17A. A prior King of England abused civil liberties of his subjects through the Quartering Act
36 18Which possible way can the Executive Branch check the Judiciary Branch?A. Recess appointmentsB. Force adjournmentC. Power to appoint judgesD. Veto power
37 Answer 18 C. Power to appoint judges (The president appoints/chooses the new judges when one retires, or dies)
38 19Why did writers of the U.S. Constitution ensure that there was a provision for “limited government”?A. They felt that government should intervene to promote equality and opportunityB. Government should be in charge of regulation of property and wealth redistributionC. They held that the government should have unlimited sovereignty over its subjectsD. They patterned it after the Magna Carta which stood as an exemplar of a document limiting sovereignty
39 Answer 19D. They patterned it after the Magna Carta which stood as an exemplar of a document limiting sovereignty
40 20After the Election of 1800 it was decided that candidates would run specifically for the office of Vice-President. This change in the U.S. Constitution was accomplished by the—A. 12th AmendmentB. 13th AmendmentC. 18th AmendmentD. 19th Amendment
44 22As a result of President Andrew Jackson’s policies, Native American Indians wereA. relocated to reservations in MexicoB. forcibly removed to areas west of the Mississippi RiverC. gradually allowed to return to their ancestral landsD. given United States citizenship
45 Answer 22B. forcibly removed to areas west of the Mississippi River