2 Session Goals 1.Explore legislative, policy and regulatory changes across represented states; 2.Examine emergent measures used in principal evaluation; and 3.Engage in planning about how to integrate changes into program designs.
3 98,706 public schools 3 million teachers 55 million PK-12 public school students 90,000 public school principals U.S. Census, 2011; Battle & Gruber, 2010; Gates et al., 2002 A Few Facts about School Principals
4 Direct OutcomesIndirect Outcomes Leadership Practice School Conditions Community Contexts Teacher Effectiveness Instructional Quality Student Learning Clifford, Sherratt &Fetters, 2012; NAESP & NASSP, 2012 A Few Facts about School Principals
5 Baker et al., 2012; Clifford et al., 2012; Gates et al., 2008; Loeb et al., 2010 Workforce Turbulence Graying workforce: Average age 49.9 Increasing mobile (except in rural areas): 4 years in a school Higher demand, less will to join Higher proportion of new principals is female Remains primarily white Working conditions Hours per week: Up to an average of 62 hours Lonely at the top: Little peer, supervisor, or other support Learning by wire A Few Facts about School Principals
6 60% Principals 20% never finish 20% never pursue 19% leave District staff Coach Master principal Teacher Business ?
7 A Few Facts about School Principals Past Present & Future Take 20 minutes 1.Select a recorder and speaker 2.Introduce yourselves 3.Brainstorm words to describe past, present and future roles of principals 4.Gallery walk
8 A Few Facts about School Principals Past Present & Future Take 30 minutes 1.Huddle with program team or role-alike group 2.Discuss these questions What are the commonalities or trends? What are the implications for your program services? What are the implications for principal evaluation desing?
9 Performance Evaluation = Practice Assessment + Outcomes Assessment Principal Evaluation: The National Education Policy Landscape Communicating priorities Informing human capital decisions Evaluating learning programs Identifying workforce trends
10 Annual Performance Evaluation Principal Evaluation: The National Education Policy Landscape Pre-service Evaluations Hiring Certification Candidate evaluation Advanced Certification Renewal
11 The Current State of Performance Evaluation Emphasizes compliance, not learning; Does not influence their work; Holds them accountable to outcomes they do not control; Poorly aligns with state/national standards; Is not consistently administered; and Is impractical, given supervisor and school leader demands on time. Clifford & Ross, 2012; Goldring et al., 2007 Principal Evaluation: The National Education Policy Landscape
12 The Current State of Pre-service Evaluation Candidate screening relies primarily on academic records and test scores, and cut scores tend to be lower than other fields Course-level assessments focus on academic learning and do not “spiral” Internship performance assessments vary Hiring processes focus on interviews and paper screens, not performance. Certification does not take performance into account Bush Foundation, 2013; Clifford & Brown-Sims, 2010; Levine, 2005 Principal Evaluation: The National Education Policy Landscape
13 Principal Evaluation: The National Education Policy Landscape 3 states are using principal performance evaluation as feedback to pre-service programs. Several others are considering AR LA IA MN IL KY AL FL HI Initiatives to improve pre-service education by CEEDAR, CCSSO and National Governor’s Association include pre-service accountability changes
14 6 states require principals to demonstrate effectiveness in order to renew their licenses. Source: Briggs, et al. (2013) Principal Evaluation: The National Education Policy Landscape
15 22 states collection of post-preparation program job placement data for pre-service program feedback Source: Briggs, et al. (2013) Principal Evaluation: The National Education Policy Landscape
16 State and Program Connections: Standing Trio Standing Trio (20 minutes) 1.Find someone that you do not know well, preferably from another state 2.Introduce yourself, your organization, your role 3.Exchange the following: What initiatives are underway in your state that affect principal evaluation? What are challenges or concerns about these efforts? How might principal evaluation affect your program?
17 Direct OutcomesIndirect Outcomes Leadership Practice School Conditions Community Contexts Teacher Effectiveness Instructional Quality Student Learning Observation Staff Surveys Teacher Surveys Parent and Student Surveys Focus on Measures of Principal Performance
18 Principal Evaluation Challenge 2: Measurement Development and Diversification DomainPrincipal Measures Examples from the Field Practice Observations 360 degree and other surveys Professional learning and progress reports Artifact review Instructional quality Student surveys School audits School Conditions School climate survey School walk-throughs or instructional rounds results School improvement plan reports Student Learning and Conditions School-level SLO attainment School-level value added measures Graduation rates Social-emotional learning measures
19 Principal Evaluation Challenge 2: Measurement Development and Diversification Is moving toward…
20 Focus on Measures: Rounds Activity 1.Choose two measures that you are curious about or interested in sharing about. 1.Observation instruments 2.Staff or other surveys on principal practice 3.Staff surveys 4.Student surveys 2. Discuss the following (30 minutes) What measure are you using? How does it relate to standards? How is the information used? What is the evidence base? How practical is the measure for you?
21 Focus on Measures: Rounds Activity 1.Choose two measures that you are curious about or interested in sharing about. 1.Observation instruments 2.Staff or other surveys on principal practice 3.Staff surveys 4.Student surveys 2. Discuss the following What measure are you using? How does it fit into principal evaluation (e.g., pre-service, hiring, etc.)? How is the information used? What is the evidence base for these measures (e.g., technical information)? How valuable is the information for you? For principals? How practical is the measure for you? How practical is it for
22 Reflections: From Trio to Sextet What are the implications and takeaways for…. 1.Principals 2.Superintendents/supervisors 3.Your programs/institutions
Advancing state efforts to grow, respect, and retain great teachers and leaders for all students Presenter Name Matthew Clifford Thomas Jefferson Street NW Washington, DC
Resources 24 Publications Strong, J., Richard, H. & Catano, N. (2008). Effective principals. Alexandira: ASCD. The Wallace Foundation (2013). Recent leadership standards. New York: Author.