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France, Britain, Eastern Europe, Art. Europe in 1919.

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Presentation on theme: "France, Britain, Eastern Europe, Art. Europe in 1919."— Presentation transcript:

1 France, Britain, Eastern Europe, Art

2 Europe in 1919

3

4 League of Nations Members

5 Washington Naval Conference [ ] U. S. Britain Japan France Italy

6 Kellogg-Briand Pact: nations committed to outlawing aggression and war for settling disputes. Problem no way of enforcement. 15 nations committed to outlawing aggression and war for settling disputes. Problem no way of enforcement.

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8 Raymond Poincaré & the Conservative Right He sent French troops into the Ruhr in Pushed for large-scale infrastructure reconstruction programs [counting on German reparations to pay for them]. After : New taxes & tightened tax collections. Drastic decline in govt. spending that stabilized the franc [the threat of runaway inflation was avoided!] He sent French troops into the Ruhr in Pushed for large-scale infrastructure reconstruction programs [counting on German reparations to pay for them]. After : New taxes & tightened tax collections. Drastic decline in govt. spending that stabilized the franc [the threat of runaway inflation was avoided!]

9 Problems in Interwar France Severe economic problems inflation war debt cost of building defenses against Germany

10 The Maginot Line

11 Locarno Pact: 1925 Gustave Stresemann (Ger.) Aristide Briand (Fr.) Austin Chamberlain (Br.) Guaranteed the common boundaries of Belgium, France, and Germany as specified in the Treaty of Versailles of Germany signed treaties with Poland and Czechoslovakia, agreeing to change the eastern borders of Germany by arbitration only. Guaranteed the common boundaries of Belgium, France, and Germany as specified in the Treaty of Versailles of Germany signed treaties with Poland and Czechoslovakia, agreeing to change the eastern borders of Germany by arbitration only.

12 Locarno Pact: 1925

13 France Tries to Encircle Germany in Defensive Alliances Czechoslovakia Poland Romania Yugoslavia Russia

14 Losing Confidence in French Govt due to the Great Depression Leon Blum Popular Front Partial nationalization *govt attempting to control economy *unions gain political strength Leon Blum Popular Front Partial nationalization *govt attempting to control economy *unions gain political strength

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16 Ramsay MacDonald: 1924, 1929 Labour Party

17 Stanley Baldwin Conservative Party

18 1926 General Strike Trades Disputes Act (1927): All general or sympathy strikes were illegal. It forbade unions from raising money for political purposes. Trades Disputes Act (1927): All general or sympathy strikes were illegal. It forbade unions from raising money for political purposes.

19 Irish Questions Easter Rising 1916 Michael Collins -Irish nationalist Sinn Fein - Irish nationalist party. Their military branch was the Irish Republican Army (IRA) 1922 Irish Free State - Northern Protestant counties remain w England. - Catholic Southern counties become Republic of Ireland Many still want one united country Easter Rising 1916 Michael Collins -Irish nationalist Sinn Fein - Irish nationalist party. Their military branch was the Irish Republican Army (IRA) 1922 Irish Free State - Northern Protestant counties remain w England. - Catholic Southern counties become Republic of Ireland Many still want one united country

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21 Eastern Europe Before World War II Shaky

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23 George Grosz Grey Day (1921) George Grosz Grey Day (1921) DaDa

24 George Grosz The Pillars of Society (1926) George Grosz The Pillars of Society (1926) DaDa

25 Picasso Studio with Plaster Head [1925] Cubism

26 Guernica by Pablo Picasso 1937 This monumental work has eclipsed the bounds of a single time and place, becoming a perpetual reminder of the tragedies of war, an anti-war symbol, and an embodiment of peace.

27 Georges Braque Still Life LeJeur [1929] Cubism


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