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Emergency Services Workshop

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Presentation on theme: "Emergency Services Workshop"— Presentation transcript:

1 Emergency Services Workshop
UK “i2” for VoIP 999/112s John Medland – BT 999/112 Policy Manager

2 UK Emergency Service today
(222 Local Controls) Police 56% BT or CW Operator Centres Ambulance 35% BT or CW Public TDM Ntwk (PSTN) PSTN Stage 1 PSAPs Fire 8% 999/112/ 18000 Other TDM Networks Coastguard <1% Stage 2 PSAPs 999/112/18000 BT – 28m calls, 55% mobile, every call voice + location

3 Handling VoIP 999 now PSAPs still TDM based so VoIP goes through PSTN / IP Gateways Small number of VoIP 999s at present, mostly fixed users Regulation says if PSTN access, then must allow 999 999s identified as VoIP Registered “default” address accessed through E164 tel number (CLI) for “fixed” users…. ….but default address marked as needing confirmation Verbal routing Device/CPE use PSTN/GSM for 999 if possible Key issues for VoIP 999 : - - only default name+address data from large number of VoIP SPs - challenge of 24 hour VSP contact point for PSAP use (tracing, alternative contact numbers) - lack of information to PSAP for nomadic users Need to Automate Location provision……… growing numbers of VoIP SPs, Increasing risk of nomadic usage …… ……, wide area WANs (Priv Ntwks) = > pressing need for location solution

4 NICC Task Group The Network Interoperabilty Consultative Committee : NICC is a UK telecommunications industry committee which acts as an industry consensus group in which specifications and technical issues associated with network competition can be discussed. It also is a source of technical advice to the UK Regulator Location Task Group : Routing 999/112 for VoIP to correct local EA supplying caller location information on all calls Membership : BT, C&W, Ericssons, ALu, Huawei, Andrew, ETSI, Magrathea, Thus, IN UK, Virgin Media, Orange, and Ofcom +…. Approach :- - VSP, ISP and Access Provider(s) all different organisations - PSAPs are still TDM based - Start with UK only (all parties UK-based) - Start with DSL, then tackle Cable, WiFI and GSM scenarios - Use developing standards wherever possible, eg IETF, ETSI - Don’t rely on user - Don’t rely on device

5 Overview of Architecture and Interfaces
Key VPC VoIP call CLI + VSP1 id VSP 1 Soft-Switch Emergency Handling Authority –Stage 1 PSAP Internet service & access infrastructure providers PIG IAIC Request using CLI, VSP id. Response gives location 1 c 3 4 b ISP LIS SBC2 PSTN—IP Gateway VSP 2 soft switch (Aggregation + SS7 interconnect ) a SBC1 SBC1/2 Source IP+Port, VSP 1 ID and CLI information (NENA v2) Access and IP Log-on functions 2 LIS URI IP HELD third party request using Source IP (+ Port no.), in HELD ID extensions. Response gives PIDF-LO Voice path Data path

6 Broadband and ADSL Access



9 Basic UK LIS interfaces
HELD Server translation; Border Functions - NAPT/SBC/ALG OSS/ CRM Systems Network elements Interface (c) iL2 iM1 iC1 iB1 Other LIS

10 Implications Yes, automated routing and location provision is technically feasible (for DSL case) but will imply :- New requirements on all organisations (systems development) Many more organisations involved to deliver 999 (not just traditional telcos but VSPs and ISPs) New operational components : LIS and VPC New interfaces for all organisations: based on international standards as far as possible (eg IETF HELD) Increased co-op and trust relationships between PSAP and VSP, ISP and Access networks Detailed document is now in final stage of NICC review process …………………..

11 Challenges to adoption
ISPs storing and updating association of IP/Line ID/ location at an ISP LIS LIS cascades to access providers and length of response times Challenging business cases (!) unless regulatory driven Current regulatory responsibility unclear when several CPs and an ISP involved

12 Next Steps - Continued work on other UK scenarios (Wireless, Private networks) - International Scenarios : national solns need to evolve to cover international IP roamers - Long transition periods with hybrid TDM/IP services - IP end-to-end (as NGN, PSAP +device capabilities become clear)  i3 / IETF Ecrit

13 Back-ups

14 xDSL Architecture for PPP BRAS Terminated Access
User Local Loop Backhaul & Internet Service Emergency Internet Environment Provider Aggregation Provider Handling Telephony Provider Centre Service Provider OSSLLP iM1 OSSBAP iM2 OSSISP Management iM3 Control BAP RADIUS Server VPC iM4 LIS iBB5 (RADIUS) ISP RADIUS Server iBB3 (RADIUS) iBB4 (RADIUS) SIP Terminal Voice Residential G/W iBB1 (PPPoATM) DSLAM iBB2 (PPPoE) BRAS IP N/W RTP/RTCP Media

15 (UID,Token,#PW#,IA=SIDBAP) (UID,Token,#PW#,IA=SIDBAP)
Network Attachment for PPP Terminated Access BAP RADIUS Server iBB3 (RADIUS) Residential G/W iBB1 (PPPoATM) DSLAM ISP RADIUS Server iBB2 (PPPoE) BRAS iBB4 (RADIUS) iBB5 (RADIUS) LIS PPP Challenge(Token) PPP Challenge(Token) PPP Resp (UID,#PW#) PPP Response (UID,#PW#, IA=SIDBAP) Access Req (UID,Token,#PW#,IA=SIDBAP) Access Acpt (BRAS Info) Acc Req (UID,Token,#PW#,IA=SIDBAP) Acc Acpt (IP Adrs) Accouting Req (IP Adrs,SIDBAP) PPP Success PPP Success Accouting Resp

16 NICC Standard – end to end
EISEC CLI EACR/PSAP ISP OSS Installation Adrs Line ID -> Installation Adrs CLI Installation Adrs Location Info Svr IP Adrs CLI+ITSP Emergency Handling Centre VPC Installation Adrs Installation Adrs CLI, ITSP CLI, ITSP -> IP Adrs IP Adrs-> Line Id PSTN ITSP Call Svr TDM Gate- way Public Internet IP Gate- way IPeXchange Home Hub BB Platform

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