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Climbing The Data Ladder: Differentiating Instruction.

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Presentation on theme: "Climbing The Data Ladder: Differentiating Instruction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Climbing The Data Ladder: Differentiating Instruction

2 Why Differentiated Instruction? Dealing with the reality of diverse learners

3 One way to think about differentiation Differentiation is classroom practice that looks eyeball to eyeball with the reality that kids differ, and the most effective teachers do whatever it takes to hook the whole range of kids on learning.

4 Mapping a Route Toward Differentiated Instruction “Even though students may learn in many ways, the essential skills and content they learn can remain steady. Students can take different roads to the same destination.” -Carol Ann Tomlinson

5 Jigsaw Reading Activity “Mapping A Route Toward Differentiated Instruction,” C. Tomlinson, Educational Leadership, 57:1, September 1999  In your small groups, each participant selects a “segment” of the article to read (A,B,C,D)  Each member then briefs the rest of the group on his/her segment  Talk about any thoughts generated through the discussion of the article

6 Differentiation of Instruction Is a teacher’s response to learner’s needs Guided by general principles of differentiation, such as Respectful tasks Flexible grouping Ongoing assessment & adjustment Source: The Differentiated Classroom, Tomlinson 1999

7 Teachers can differentiate: Content Process Product Readiness Interests Learning Profile according to student’s through a range of instructional and management strategies… Source: The Differentiated Classroom, Tomlinson 1999

8 CONTENT PROCESS/ ACTIVITIES PRODUCTS/ ASSESSMENTS Ask yourself about:

9 Content: How do we adjust or modify the knowledge and skills we expect students to learn?

10 3-Minute Buzz

11 Activities: How do we modify our teaching strategies to help students acquire the knowledge and skills they need?

12 Think – Pair - Share

13 Products/Assessments: How do we adjust or modify the way we assess student learning to better measure student growth?

14 Differentiation of Instruction Is a teacher’s response to learner’s needs Guided by general principles of differentiation, such as Respectful tasks Flexible grouping Ongoing assessment & adjustment Source: The Differentiated Classroom, Tomlinson 1999

15 What is meant by ongoing assessment and adjustment? Assessment is organic!  Quick, not always recorded for a grade  Is a tool that directly affects ongoing plans for instruction  Leads to increased “yields” in academic growth

16 Differentiation of Instruction Is a teacher’s response to learner’s needs Guided by general principles of differentiation, such as Respectful tasks Flexible grouping Ongoing assessment & adjustment Source: The Differentiated Classroom, Tomlinson 1999

17 What is meant by “Flexible Grouping?”  Students move frequently between groups as learning objectives change, as their needs evolve, and as they gain proficiency  Students sometimes work in groups defined by interests and/or learning styles  Teachers sometimes move between groups to provide instruction

18  Teacher becomes more of a “facilitator” of knowledge and skills  Removes the negatives and stigma of “static” groups, i.e. “Once a buzzard, always a buzzard” syndrome  Students see that they can and will progress as they learn. Growth becomes a visible and expected part of the classroom culture Benefits of Flexible Grouping

19 Differentiation of Instruction Is a teacher’s response to learner’s needs Guided by general principles of differentiation, such as Respectful tasks Flexible grouping Ongoing assessment & adjustment Source: The Differentiated Classroom, Tomlinson 1999

20 Just a sampling of strategies that support Differentiated Instruction Multiple IntelligencesTiered Lessons4-MAT JigsawTiered CentersVaried questioning strategies Taped materialTiered ProductsInterest Centers Anchor ActivitiesLearning ContractsInterest Groups Varying OrganizersSmall Group InstructionVaried Homework Varied TextsGroup InvestigationCompacting Varied Supplementary Materials OrbitalsVaried Journal Prompts Literature CirclesIndependent StudyComplex Instruction CubingTiered AssignmentsReading Buddies

21 One Example: Cubing

22 “I’m a secondary teacher. How can I differentiate?” It can be done! Anchoring Activities Adjusting Questions Tiered Assignments

23 What are Anchor Activities?

24 “How do I manage all these strategies?” Differentiated Instruction

25 Just a Few Management Strategies for the Differentiated Classroom...  Appoint a class expert (student)  Have clear, written directions for all activities  Grade judiciously  Schedule “quiet” days  Post procedure list for “early birds”  Have sponge/anchoring activities available at all times and well-known to your class

26 Resources for discussions about differentiated grading - article by Amy Benjamin How to Differentiate Instruction in the Mixed Ability Classroom – Carol Ann Tomlinson (available at Chapter 14 offers a very succinct, yet thorough examination of options for grading that can work in the differentiated classroom

27 Purposes for grading What is the grade are intended to communicate? Are those to whom the communication is directed are clear about the grade's meaning and intended purpose? The answers each district/school will arrive at may be different, but achieving clarity of purpose for grades is of the greatest importance

28  Clearly communicates standards that are being used  Clearly delineates separate grades  for growth (changes in learning from the beginning to the end of the instructional component)  for achievement relative to standards of performance  for effort  Provides full disclosure to all Principles of Grading in a Differentiated Classroom: Tomlinson

29 It can be done! Teachers who utilize D/I find that:  They have fewer discipline issues  Student growth is significantly increased  Their interactions with students are more positive and productive  Even most traditionally reluctant learners become focused and motivated when appropriately challenging tasks are assigned for them


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