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Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software 1 Video Modeling and the Activity Trainer Thursday 9/12/2013 3:00 PM Eastern Karl Smith,

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Presentation on theme: "Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software 1 Video Modeling and the Activity Trainer Thursday 9/12/2013 3:00 PM Eastern Karl Smith,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software 1 Video Modeling and the Activity Trainer Thursday 9/12/2013 3:00 PM Eastern Karl Smith, Founder Accelerations Educational Software

2 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Personal Connection 2

3 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Accelerations Educational Software Products in – over 1100 School Districts – 100s of Private Schools & Institutions – 1000s of homes – 2 Foreign Versions Canadian & Spanish DT Trainer & Activity Trainer 3

4 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Products Advisory Board Peter Gerhardt, Ed. D. Chairman Scientific Council for the Organization for Autism Research Dr. Stephen Shore Professor of Special Ed, Board Member Autism Society of America Author & Internationally Known Speaker on Autism, Individual with Autism Robert Stromer, Ph. D. BCBA, Behavioral Scientist, Professor, Computer based technologies Expert Dr. Bridget Taylor BCBA, Professor, Director of Eden II/Genesis Outreach Autism Center Dr. Mary McDonald BCBA, Director of Alpine Learning Group, International Speaker on Autism, VP of the Association for Science in Autism Treatment 4

5 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Our Other Product Discrete Trial (DT) Trainer 5 Teaches Concepts Designed for Autism Virtual Teaching Assistant Implements ABA Methods Over 20 years of supporting research Independent learning Even very low functioning Students ~260 Content Programs 100s of Reinforcers Autism Cognitive Disabilities Severe, Moderate, Mild At Risk Preschool – Elementary Severely Delayed Middle & High School Students & Adults

6 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Activity Trainer 6 Teaches Skills Assisted Learning Makes Video Modeling Practical Supports Task Analysis, Sequences, Video to Image Transitions, Data Collection, … Skills Library 300+ Ready to Use Activities User Library Create your own Activities Visual Schedule T Autism Cognitive Disabilities Severe, Moderate, Mild At Risk Preschool – Elementary Severely Delayed Middle & High School Students & Adults

7 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Accelerations Educational Software Used in Range of Settings School Districts – Self Contained Classes Preschool Elementary Where students are significantly delayed at: – Middle School – High School – Full day main-streamed students – At risk preschool & kindergarten classes

8 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Accelerations Educational Software Used in Range of Settings Institutions & Private Schools Autism Centers and Home Programs Group Homes Private Homes – Autism & Intellectual Disabilities – Typical Siblings

9 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Accelerations Educational Software Range of Licenses Single Computer – Subscriptions & Perpetual – Unlimited Students or Single Student – Institutional or home Site Licenses – District Wide for Special Education – Institution Wide for All or Target Population – Special Cases Free Demo / Presentation Licenses – For anyone needing to present to or train others – Demo labs (AT resource centers, …)

10 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Wealth of Supporting Research > 20 years of research Wide range of skills & behaviors – Simple to Complex Wide range of learners Increases acquisition rates… – Sometimes quite dramatically! Sample of research references at: – research/ 10

11 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Tiny Sample of Research Apple, A. L., Billingsley, F., & Schwartz, I. S. (2005). – Effects of video modeling alone and with self-management on compliment-giving behaviors of children with high-functioning ASD. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 7 (1), Bellini, S. & Akullian, J. (2007). – A meta-analysis of video-modeling andself-modeling interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.. Exceptional Children, 73, (3), Charlop-Christy, M. H., & Daneshvar, S. (2003). – Using video modeling to teach perspective taking to children with autism. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 5 (1), Charlop-Christy, M. H., Le, L., & Freeman, K. A. (2000). – A comparison of video modeling with in vivo modeling for teaching children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30 (6), Corbett, B. A., & Abdullah, M. (2005). – Video modeling: Why does it work for children with autism? Journal of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention, 2, 2-8. Coyle, C., & Cole, P. (2004). – A videotaped self-modelling and self-monitoring treatment program to decrease off-task behaviour in children with autism. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities, 29(1),

12 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software General Conclusions Increases Acquisition Rates across wide variety of skills Effective with Autism & other Learning Disabilities Model generally does not matter Video Self Model can improve interest

13 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software General Conclusions (cont.) Should be Common Practice… try VM where students are not learning quickly with other methods Not a panacea… – will not work for all skills and all students VM better than next best method – 2 teachers... One modeling & one facilitating – 2 teachers… We barely get 1 on 1!

14 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software VM Works Because… Consistent Model Non Threatening Separation of Modeling & Facilitation Parallel Model and Execution – Minimize representation – Minimize observational memory

15 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software VM Works Because… Clear Objective – Perspective / Orientation – Minimize extraneous information – Maximize salient features Supports Visual Learners May be more interesting

16 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software VM Works Because… Quicker success improves interest Success on sub steps creates increased interest / cooperation on task Building history of success – cooperative learner

17 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Poor Observational Learners Poor observational memory – Inability to mentally represent model – Inability to remember long enough to preform task Lack of ability to translate observation to behavior Lack prerequisite skills for task

18 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Poor Observational Learners Not attending to salient features Attending to extraneous information Lack of understanding what they are supposed to do – Lack typical mimicking behavior Uninterested / Uncooperative Threatened by model or task

19 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Benefits to Student Improve cooperation / interest Improve self confidence Learn skills

20 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Benefits to Student Learn to learn – Learn to attend In general Salient Features Longer More complex – Improve observational memory – Improve translation skills

21 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Practical Considerations Virtual extra teacher/teaching assistant – Barely get one-on-one… otherwise should have two-on-one (teachers to student) Allows staff more time to actually teach – Students able to perform tasks previously performed by staff… Potentially enables acquisition – We tend to give up if not learning in some time period

22 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Practical Considerations Takes time to create own video – Planning – Scripting – Coordinating actor(s) – Obtaining equipment – Editing – Rework – Frequently net savings in time – substantially less teaching time

23 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Possible Platforms TVs Computers Mobile devices

24 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Activity Trainer Problem to solve – 20 years of research indicating VM should be used – Not common practice

25 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software VM Problems Tapes, CDs, and DVDs – Clumsy at best Media Players – No support for Task Analysis, Sequences, Organization of Materials, Data Collection, … Video Modeling – Not just about playing videos – Is about micro-management of process

26 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software VM Problems Creating Video Models – Time consuming – Most teachers not trained PowerPoint – Supports useful features – Still lacks support for organization, data collection, … – Task analysis and sequences are clumsy

27 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Solution: Activity Trainer Makes VM Practical, Easy, & Specific Extends VM - Activities – Combines Video, Images, Texts, Audio – Task Analysis, Sequences, Transitions from Videos to Images & Images to Text, Data Collection, Organization of Materials – Worksheets Integrated with Visual Schedule Skills, User, Can support 3 rd Party Libraries

28 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software AT Demonstration

29 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Basic VM Teaching Strategy Build automatic mimic response to video – Generally start with simple non-verbal imitation – Build (as slowly as necessary) to more complex skills – Goal is to use no or minimal facilitation – Strategy will frequently be domain specific Facilitation will be different for verbal, social, daily living, …

30 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Facilitation Facilitation / prompting – Hand over hand – Verbal – Gestural – Proximity

31 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Facilitation Only use facilitation techniques were – Safety is an issue – More information is needed to supplement video to obtain success – Lack of success building automatic mimic response E.G. Needs extra fine motor support

32 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Teaching From behind (where appropriate) Hand over hand (where necessary) 32

33 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Fading Facilitation – Fading hand-over-hand – Fading gestural prompts – Fading verbal prompts – Fading proximity

34 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Fading Video Video source further away Make picture smaller Turn down sound Play smaller portion of video Play video prior to performance Transition to image cue Transition to text Play on smaller device

35 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software VM - Transition from Video Automatic – Student automatically performs task in natural situation Transitional Teaching – Teacher facilitates generalization to natural situation Transition to Image Cue – Only needs image cue to initiate behavior Transition to Verbal Instruction Transition to Text instruction Visual Schedules To-Do lists

36 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Educational Considerations How vs. Why – Teach how to do something – Then teach why (and when) Reproducibility of scene objects – For single student / small group: non issue – For resource: use commonly available objects Allow teaching of “contrived” task Then generalizes to student’s actual environment

37 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Simple Action Single or simple action (for level of student)

38 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Repeated Action Repeats or just “more of the same”

39 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Complex Tasks Steps ***

40 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Accommodations Pauses – Breaks between task steps Speed of action – Different levels of learner Disjoint to fluid – May require multiple VMs

41 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software 1 st Person View Fine motor & other skills

42 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software 2 nd Person – Opposite – Mirror View Simple actions

43 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software 3 rd Person – Scene View Capture details of larger movements

44 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Other Views From Behind Over shoulder Angle view

45 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Actor(s) Can do activity Age less important – Generally use late teen or young adult To target wide range in age of learners – Can use young models Especially for social skills If targeting just young children

46 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software Actor(s) Self Model – If student can barely do activity – Fake it! With multiple shots & editing can make student look like he performed activity

47 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software More Information Free trials

48 Confidential - Copyright MMX Accelerations Educational Software 48 End of Activity Trainer Training Thank you for attending! Karl Smith – Developer/Founder Accelerations Educational Software


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