1 Introducing S7-300 RTD & Thermocouple Modules Shipping NowShipping June 008 ChannelResistance Temperature DeviceModule8 ChannelThermocoupleModule
2 Thermocouple ModuleThe thermocouple module provides a convenient, isolated, interface for the S7-300 family to 10 thermocouple types;B, N, E, R, S, J, L, T, K, UThermocouple type, open wire check, temperature scale, cold junction compensation and burnout direction are all user selectable via software using the Hardware Configuration setup in STEP7.
3 RTD ModuleThe RTD module provides a convenient, interface for the S7-300 family to ten different RTD types,Pt 100, Pt 200, Pt 500, Pt 1000, Ni 100, Ni 120, Ni 200, Ni 500, Ni 1000, Cu 10Different Alpha characteristics are supported for the different types of RTD to provide increased accuracy of the temperature measurement.Also three resistive input range are supported for slide wire inputs or other types of linear resistance signals.RTD type, open wire check, temperature scale, and are all user selectable via software using the Hardware Configuration setup in STEP7.
4 S7-300 RTD &Thermocouple Modules - Key Features MLFBNumber of ChannelsInput Sensor TypesBroken Sensor DetectionAccuracy over 0 to 60 °C operating RangeRepeatability (full scale)Resolution (temperature)Resolution (voltage or Resistance) . .LinearityData Word FormatModule update timeIsolation (Field-to-Logic)Withstand (Channel-to-Channel)Common Mode RejectionSuppression of InterferanceExternal Power SourceSizeWeightThermocouple6ES PF10 0AB08B,L,S,T,R,U,E,N,K,JYes± 1.0 Deg. C± 0.01 % of input range0.1 or °C / °F23 bits plus sign± 0.02 % of input rangeDegrees C or F10 mS 4 Channel mode46 mS 8 Channel mode500 VAC120 VAC> VAC50/60/400 Hz24 VDC40 x 125 x 120mm272 gramsRTD6ES PF00 0AB02,3 and 4 Wire Types , PT100~10,000,Cu10, Ni 100 ~ 1000 & Resistance10 mS - 4 Channel mode40 mS - 8 Channel mode120 Vac
5 Introduction to Temperature Measurement Background InformationThermocouples are typically used in applications that require a response time between 2 to 5 seconds depending on the installation, operate over a wide range temperatures, and needs a cost effective / economical solution. The non-linear characteristic of a thermocouple is the primary disadvantage.RTDs are typically used in applications that require a fast response time of less than 1 second. The RTD’s accuracy and linearity are the primary advantages for this sensor. The limited operating range and a single current source which effects isolation, are the primary disadvantages.
6 Applications Requiring Temperature Measurement Applications requiring temperature measurement cut across all applications, industries and markets. Below is a partial listing of applications requiring temperature measurement.Batch processElectroplatingEnvironmental chambersFood service equipmentFurnaces ControlGeneral process controlHeat or cool controlHeat treatingHVAC equipmentMedical and dental equipmentOven equipmentPackaging equipmentPercent power, open loop controlTextile processing equipmentPlastics processing equipmentProcesses needing temperature data loggingPulp and paper equipmentSemiconductor manufacturing
8 S7-200 RTD Module - Background Information RTD - abbreviation for Resistance Temperature Detector. It is a sensor which operates on the principle that the resistance increases with an increase in temperature at a specific rate.Commonly manufactured using a platinum resistance element. More accurate and more linear than most thermocouples.RTD sensors are designed to take the temperature of liquids, semisolid materials and for insertion into holes or cavities.RTD sensors are available with American and European configuration curves.
9 7 Key RTD Specifications #1 Sensor Material - Several metals are quite common for use in RTD's. Platinum is by far the most popular due to its near linearity with temperature, wide temperature operating range, and superior long-term stability. Other materials are nickel, copper, balco (an iron-nickel alloy), tungsten, and iridium.#2 Temperature Coefficient - The temperature coefficient (TC), or alpha of an RTD is a physical and electrical property of the metal alloy and the method by which the element was fabricated. The alpha describes the average resistance change per unit temperature from the ice point to the boiling point of water.#3 Nominal Resistance - Nominal resistance is the resistance value at a given temperature. Most standards, including IEC-751, use 0°C as their reference point because it is easy to reproduce. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) specifies the standard based on Ohms at 0°C, but other nominal resistance's are quite common.
10 7 Key RTD Specifications #4 Wiring Configuration - An RTD is inherently a 2-wire device, but lead wire resistance can drastically reduce the accuracy of the measurement by adding additional, uncompensated resistance into your system Most applications therefore add a third wire to help the circuit compensate for lead wire resistance, and thus provide a truer indication of the measured temperature Four-wire RTD's provide slightly better compensation, but are generally found only in laboratory equipment and other areas where high accuracy is required.#5 Temperature Range - The ASTM states that platinum RTD's can measure temperatures from 200°C to 650°C and the IEC specifies -200°C to 850°C.
11 7 Key RTD Specifications #6 Accuracy - RTD's are generally known for their high degree of accuracy.Key to understand is the difference between accuracy, precision, and repeatability.Accuracy: In temperature measurement, accuracy is commonly defined as how closely the sensor indicates the true temperature being measured, or in a more practical sense, how closely the resistance of the RTD matches the tabulated or calculated resistance of that type RTD at that given temperature.Precision: Precision is not concerned with how well the RTD's resistance matches the resistance from a look-up table, but rather with how well it matches the resistance of other RTD's subjected to that temperature. This is important when interchangeability is a concern, as well as in the measurement of temperature gradients. Precision can best be described as the sensor's ability to reproduce its previous readings at a given temperature.Repeatability: An RTD's repeatability is very application-dependent. A RTD sensor, when applied properly in an application, can have both good accuracy and repeatability. But just a high-accuracy RTD installed in a field application does not ensure that you will be getting a highly accurate signal back at the PLC. The complete installation must be well engineered. The best solution for applications of this type is to have both the RTD and the transmitter, or display, or whatever, calibrated as a unit by a certified calibration laboratory.
12 7 Key RTD Specifications #7 Dimensions and Size - The physical dimensions and sizes of RTD probes will vary depending on the application needs. Generally, a RTD resistance element is installed in a metal sheathed assembly.
13 Key Thermocouple Specifications Thermocouple - a temperature sensor based on the principle that a voltage is produced when two dissimilar metals are joined together at a junction. The junction produces a voltage in proportion to the difference in temperature between the measuring junction and the reference junction.The selection of the optimum thermocouple type (metals used in their construction) is based on application temperature, atmosphere, required length of service, accuracy and cost. Different thermocouple types have very different voltage output curves.Cold Junction Compensation measures the ambient temperature at the connection of the thermocouple wire to the measuring device (ie: S7-300 T/C module). This allows for accurate computation of the temperature at the hot junction by the measuring device.
14 Thermocouples and Cold Junction Compensation The open-end EMF generated (V1) is a function of not only the closed-end temperature T1 (i.e., the temperature at the point of measurement) but also the temperature at the open end (T2) where the thermocouple wires are attached to the S7-300 thermocouple module .Only by holding T2 at a standard temperature can the measured EMF (V1) by the S7-300 thermocouple module be considered a direct function of the change in T1.The industrially accepted standard for T2 is 0°C; therefore, the S thermocouple module makes the assumption that T2 starts at this level.In the S7-300 thermocouple module , the difference between the actual temperature at T2 and 0°C is corrected for electronically, within the module. This EMF adjustment is referred to as the cold-junction, or CJ, correction. The 300 T/C module provides two options for measuring this temperature.The 300 T/C module provides internal temperature measurement inside the module. This method is used when thermocouple wire or T/C extension wire is used from the sensor to the module.If copper wire is used from a junction box to the module then the 300 T/C module provide an input for a two-RTD sensor to measure the temperature at the point where the wiring changes from T/ C wiring to copper wiring. This type of installation will have a reduced accuracy unless all eight channels are terminated in the same enclosure.T 2V 1T 1The installed S7-300 control panel must be at a 'stable' temperature to gain the maximum accuracy the cold junction compensation of the Thermocouple Module is designed to deliver.
15 Examples of Thermocouple Wire Color Codes Thermocouple wiring is color coded by thermocouple types.Different countries and standards may utilize different color coding.Jacket coloring is sometimes a colored stripe instead of a solid color.French NFEGerman DINUnited States ASTMBritish BSCOPPER CuCHROMEGA NICKEL- CHROMIUM Ni-Cr‡IRON Fe (magnetic)R = PLATINUM 13% RHODIUM Pt-13% RhS = PLATINUM 10% RHODIUM Pt-10% Rh